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classes may be allowed by the Postmaster-General to employ such number of clerks in the transaction of their money-order business, and at such rates of compensation, respectively, as he may deem expedient. The allowances for clerk hire made to postmasters of the first and second class post-offices by the Postmaster-General, out of the annual appropriation for clerks in post-offices, shall cover the cost of clerical services of all kinds in such post-offices, including the cost of clerical labor in the money-order business. And at all other money-order post-offices the compensation for the clerical labor in the money-order business shall be paid out of the fees received for the issue of money orders, and shall be three cents for each domestic or international money order issued: Provided, That the PostmasterGeneral may allow to the postmaster at each international exchange office such additional amount in each case, out of the annual appropriation for clerks in post-offices, as he may deem expedient to enable these postmasters to obtain the clerical labor necessary for the performance of such special duties as are imposed upon them by the operations of the money-order system and are not required of other postmasters: And provided further, That the salaries of postmasters, as fixed by law, shall be deemed and taken to be full compensation for the responsibility and risk incurred and for the personal services rendered by them as custodians of the money-order and other funds of the Post-Office Department. (22 Stat. 528. 28 Stat. 31.)
See notes to section 2 of this act, ante, $ 7557.
This section, as originally enacted, authorized the employment of money. order clerks at a compensation fixed by the Postmaster-General at offices where the compensation of the postmaster was not less than $3,000, fixed the compensation of money-order clerks at all other offices at 342 cents for each domestic or international money-order issued, paid, or repaid, and 1 cent for each postal note paid, and 342 cents for each certificate of deposit of surplus money-order funds, limited the total allowance made for money-order clerks at first-class offices at the rate above fixed, and authorized additional allowances for clerks at the rates above given at designated offices and at international exchange offices, but provided that postmasters of the first class should not be allowed a credit on account of any expenditure in payment of clerical services in the money-order business, except upon receipted vouchers, and provided that the salaries of the postmasters as fixed by law should be in full for all services rendered as custodians of the money-order business.
It was modified by Act June 29, 1886, c. 569, 24 Stat. 87.
It was expressly amended, as so modified, by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 3, cited above, to read as set forth here.
Provisions for the classification and compensation of post-office officers, etc., were made by Act March 2, 1889, c. 374, § 1, ante, & 7231.
The salaries of postmasters were fixed by Act March 3, 1883, c. 142, § 1,
ante, $ 7217. § 7560. (Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, § 5, as amended, Act Jan. 27,
1894, c. 21, $ 4.) Unpaid money-orders. The Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department shall, as soon as practicable after this Act takes effect, transmit to the Postmaster-General a statement of the aggregate amount of domestic money orders and postal notes which shall have remained unpaid for a period of one year or more from the last day of the month of their issue. It shall be the duty of the postmasters at all money-order offices to render to the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department a monthly statement, beginning at the end of the first month of the fiscal year commencing July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, of all domestic money orders payable at their respective offices, as evidenced by advice, remaining unpaid for one year from the last day of the month of issue, such statement to be accompanied by the advice and not to include any money orders issued at a date prior to June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and the amount of money represented by the Auditor's statement, and by the monthly statements of the postmasters, as certified to the Postmaster-General by the Auditor shall be turned into the Treasury by the Postmaster-General for account of the Post-Office Department to be used as current revenues. And thereafter domestic money orders shall not be paid at the offices upon which they are drawn, or at the offices of issue after one year from the last day of the month of issue of such money orders; but such money orders shall be sent to the Post-Office Department and shall be paid by a warrant of the Postmaster-General countersigned by the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department out of any money in the Treasury to the credit of the Post-Office Department, to the extent of the moneys paid in on this account, the payments so made to be charged to an appropriation account hereby created to be denominated “Unpaid money orders more than one year old.” (22 Stat. 528. 28 Stat. 32.)
See notes to section 2 of this act, ante, $ 7557. Postmasters were required to render monthly, semimonthly, weekly, or daily accounts of money-orders issued and paid, etc., by R. S. § 4044, as amended
by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 8, incorporated into that section, post, $ 7576. § 7561. (R. S. § 4033, as amended, Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 7.)
Blank applications for orders. That the Postmaster-General shall supply such money-order offices. as he may deem expedient, with blank.forms of applications for money orders, in such form as he may direct.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 108, 17 Stat. 298. Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, $ 7, 28 Stat. 32.
This section as originally enacted was as follows:
“The Postmaster-General shall supply money-order offices with blank forms of application for money-orders, which each applicant shall fill up with his name, the name and address of the party to whom the order is to be paid, the amount and the date of application; and all such applications shall be preserved by the postmaster receiving them for such time as the PostmasterGeneral may prescribe.”
It was amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 7, cited above, to read as set forth here.
Provisions for furnishing blanks, books, etc., for the money-order business,
were made by Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, § 2, ante, $ 7557. § 7562. (R. S. § 4034, as amended, Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 9.)
Forms for money-orders; coupons to be forwarded with mon
ey-order accounts. The Postmaster-General shall furnish money-order offices with
printed or engraved forms for domestic money orders in such form as will provide for coupons that, by the separation from the money orders, will designate the amounts for which the money orders are drawn, and no money order shall be valid unless drawn upon such form. And it shall be the duty of postmasters to forward to the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department said coupons with their money-order accounts.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 109, 17 Stat. 298. Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 9, 28 Stat. 33.
This section as originally enacted was as follows:
"The Postmaster-General shall furnish money-order offices with printed or engraved forms for money-orders, and no order shall be valid unless it be drawn upon such form."
It was amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 9, cited above, to read as set forth here.
Postmasters at post-offices other than those designated as money-order offices might be authorized to issue orders by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 10, post, 7563.
The Postmaster-General was required to prescribe the forms for the issue of money-orders by Act March 1, 1899, c. 327, § 5, post, $ 7566.
Postmasters were required to render accounts by R. S. § 4044, as amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 8, incorporated into that section, post, $ 7576.
§ 7563. (Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 10.) Limited money-order of
fices. The Postmaster-General may authorize postmasters at post-offices other than those designated as money-order offices to issue money orders in the same form as provided for in the preceding section of this Act, excepting that such money orders shall be in such form as to prevent their being drawn for a sum in excess of five dollars; the rates for such money orders to be the same as those provided for in section two of this Act, and post-offices so authorized shall be designated "limited money-order offices.” (28 Stat. 33.)
This section was part of an act entitled “An act to improve the methods of accounting in the Post-Office Department, and for other purposes."
Section 1 of this act repealed Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, § 1, as amended by Act Jan. 3, 1887, c. 13, § 1, authorizing the issuance of postal notes, and so much of Act March 3, c. 123, § 2, as applied to postal notes, and provided that nothing therein should prevent the payment of notes issued before July 1, 1894, and further provided that such notes, if presented for payment more than one year from the last day of the month of their issue, might be paid by warrant, as provided by section 4 of this act. See notes to Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, & 2, ante, 8 7557.
Section 2 of this act, mentioned in section 10 thereof, set forth here, amended and was incorporated into Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, § 3, ante, $ 7558. It prescribed rates of fees for money orders.
Section 3 of this act amended and is incorporated into Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, § 4, ante, $ 7559. It provided for the employment and compensation of clerks for the money-order business.
Section 4 of this act amended and is incorporated into Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, $ 5, ante, $ 7560. It required postmasters to make statements of outstanding money-orders for more than one year, and provided for the payment of such orders:
Section 5 of this act repealed R. S. § 4036. See note under that section, post, following § 7564.
Sections 6-9 of this act amended R. S. 88 4039, 4033, 4044, and 4034, respectively, and are incorporated into those sections, ante, 88 7561, 7562, and post, $87568, 7576.
Section ii of this act amended R. S. $ 4040, and is incorporated into that section, post, $ 7569.
Section 12 of this act is set forth post, $ 7564.
Section 13 of this act provided that the act should take effect July 1,
1894, and repealed all laws and parts of laws in conflict therewith. § 7564. (Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 12.) Regulations; designation
of officer to sign warrants. The Postmaster-General is hereby invested with power to make all needful regulations for the enforcement of this Act, and is hereby authorized to designate any officer of the Post-Office Department above the grade of fourth-class clerk to sign all warrants authorized by this Act in his stead, and such warrants when so signed shall be of the same validity as if they had been signed by the PostmasterGeneral. (28 Stat. 33.)
See notes to section 10 of this act, ante, $ 7563.
The designation of an officer or employé of the Department to sign warrants and drafts generally was authorized by provisions of Act March 3, 1903, c. 1009, § 5, and Act March 2, 1907, c. 2513, ante, $8 598, 599.
(R. S. $ 4035. Repealed.) This section required the postmaster issuing a money order to send a notice thereof without delay to the postmaster on whom it was drawn. It was repealed by Act May 23, 1910, c. 254, 36 Stat. 415.
(R. S. § 4036. Repealed.) This section provided that no money-order should be valid and payable unless presented to the postmaster on whom it was drawn within one year after its date, but authorized the Postmaster-General, on the application of the remitter or payee of any such order, to issue a new one in lieu thereof.
It was repealed by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 5, 28 Stat. 32. § 7565. (R. S. § 4037, as amended, Act Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, § 1.)
Indorsement of orders. The payee of a money-order may, by his written indorsement thereon, direct it to be paid to any other person, and the postmaster on whom it is drawn shall pay the same to the person thus designated, provided he shall furnish such proof as the Postmaster-General may prescribe that the indorsement is genuine, and that he is the person empowered to receive payment; but more than one indorsement shall render an order invalid and not payable, and the holder, to obtain payment, must apply in writing to the Postmaster-General for a new order in lieu thereof, returning the original order, and making such proof of the genuineness of the indorsements as the PostmasterGeneral may require.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 112, 17 Stat. 298. Act Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, 18 Stat. 320.
This section was amended by Act Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, § 1, cited above, by inserting, after the words "direct it to," the word “be," as set forth here.
Identification of payee or indorsee of a money-order was required by Act
March 1, 1899, c. 327, § 5, post, $ 7566. § 7566. (Act March 1, 1899, c. 327, § 5.) Identification of payee,
etc., of money-order; orders to correct errors; forms for issue
of money-orders. On and after April first, eighteen hundred and ninety-nine, postmasters shall not issue any money order conditioned that identification of payee, endorsee, or attorney may be waived, nor shall any postmaster pay any money order issued on or subsequent to said date without requiring identification of the payee, endorsee, or attorney. Money orders may be drawn by the Superintendent of the Money-Order System without the exaction of an additional fee for the purpose of correcting errors made by issuing or paying postmasters; and the Postmaster-General shall prescribe the forms for the issue of money orders. (30 Stat. 966.)
Provisions for the indorsement of money-orders by the payee thereof, and for the payment to the indorsee, were made by R. S. § 4037, ante, $ 7565.
The fees for money-orders were fixed by Act March 3, 1883, c. 123, $ 3, as amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 2, ante, $ 7558.
The Postmaster-General was required to furnish forms of money-orders by
R. S. § 4034, as amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, $ 9, ante, $ 7562. § 7567. (R. S. § 4038.) Changes and modification of orders.
After a money-order has been issued, if the purchaser desires to have it modified or changed, the postmaster who issued the order shall take it back and issue another in lieu of it, for which a new fee shall be exacted.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 113, 17 Stat. 298.
Postmasters were required to attach to their accounts rendered to the Auditor the letters of advice recalled on the issue of new orders authorized by this section by R. S. § 4039, as amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 6,
post, $ 7568. § 7568. (R. S. § 4039, as amended, Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 6.)
Repayment of orders; recalled letters of advice. The postmaster issuing a money-order shall repay the amount of it upon the application of the person who obtained it, and the return of the order; but the fee paid for it shall not be returned. That it shall be the duty of the postmasters to attach to their accounts rendered to the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department the letters of advice, or if lost evidence of that fact, recalled from the post-office to which originally sent for all repayments of domestic money orders provided for in this section and in section four thousand and thirty-eight of the Revised Statutes of the United States.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 114, 17 Stat. 298. Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, 8 6, 28 Stat. 32.
This section was amended by Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 6, cited above, by adding, at the end of the section as originally enacted, the provision beginning with the words “That it shall be the duty of the postmasters," etc., to the end of the section as set forth here.
R. S. 4038, ante, $ 7567, mentioned in this section, authorized postmasters to take back orders issued by them, and issue new ones in lieu thereof, for
which a new fee must be exacted. § 7569. (R. S. § 4040, as amended, Act Jan. 27, 1894, c. 21, § 11.)
Replacing lost orders. Whenever a money order has been lost within one year from the last day of the month of issue the Postmaster-General, upon the application of the remitter or payee of such order, may cause a duplicate thereof to be issued, without charge, providing the person losing the original shall furnish a certificate from the postmaster by whom