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§ 7410. (R. S. § 3928, as amended, Act May 23, 1910, c. 255.) Re
ceipt for delivery of registered matter when requested by
sender. Whenever the sender shall so request, a receipt shall be taken on the delivery of any registered mail matter, showing to whom and when the same was delivered, which receipt shall be returned to the sender, and be received in the courts as prima facie evidence of such delivery. (36 Stat. 416.)
The amendment of this section by Act May 23, 1910, c. 255, cited above, consisted in inserting, at the beginning of the section, the words "Whenever
the sender shall so request," as set forth here. § 7411. (R. S. $ 3929, as amended, Act Sept. 19, 1890, c. 908, § 2.)
Registered letters to lotteries, etc., may be returned; evidence
The Postmaster-General may, upon evidence satisfactory to him that any person or company is engaged in conducting any lottery, gift enterprise, or scheme for the distribution of money, or of any real or personal property by lot, chance, or drawing of any kind, or that any person or company is conducting any other scheme or device for obtaining money or property of any kind through the mails by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, instruct postmasters at any postoffice at which registered letters arrive directed to any such person or company, or to the agent or representative of any such person or company, whether such agent or representative is acting as an individual or as a firm, bank, corporation, or association of any kind, to return all such registered letters to the postmaster at the office at which they were originally mailed, with the word “Fraudulent” plainly written or stamped upon the outside thereof; and all such letters so returned to such postmasters shall be by them returned to the writers thereof, under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may prescribe. But nothing contained in this section shall be so construed as to authorize any postmaster or other person to open any letter not addressed to himself. The public advertisement by such person or company so conducting such lottery, gift enterprise, scheme, or device, that remittances for the same may be made by registered letters to any other person, firm, bank, corporation, or association named therein shall be held to be prima facie evidence of the existence of said agency by all the parties named therein; but the Postmaster-General shall not be precluded from ascertaining the existence of such agency in any other legal way satisfactory to himself.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 300, 17 Stat. 322. Act Sept. 19, 1890, c. 908, 82, 26 Stat. 466. This section, as originally enacted, was as follows:
"The Postmaster-General may, upon evidence satisfactory to him that any person is engaged in conducting any fraudulent lottery, gift-enterprise, or scheme for the distribution of money or of any real or personal property, by lot, chance, or drawing of any kind, or in conducting any other scheme or device for obtaining money through the mails by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, instruct postmasters at any postoffices at which registered letters arrive directed to any such person, to return all such registered letters to the postmasters at the offices at which they were originally mailed, with the word 'fraudulent plainly written or stamped upon the outside of such letters; and all such letters so returned to such postmasters shall be by them returned to the writers thereof, under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may prescribe. But nothing contained in this Title shall be so construed as to authorize any post naster or other person to open any letter not addressed to himself."
It was amended by Act Sept. 19, 1890, c. 908, § 2, cited above, to read as set forth above.
Bringing lottery tickets, etc., into the United States, depositing the same in the mails, or carrying them from one State to another, etc., was made punishable by Act March 2, 1895, c. 191, $8 1, 2, 3, 28 Stat. 963. Section 2 of the act made this section as amended applicable in the enforcement of the act, and section 3 provided that nothing contained in the act should be deemed to repeal this section. Said sections 1 and 2 of said act were incorporated into the Criminal Code, in sections 213, 237, thereof, post, 88 10383, 10407, and were repealed by section 341 thereof, post, $ 10515.
The powers conferred by this section on the Postmaster-General were extended to all matter sent by mail by Act March 2, 1895, c. 191, § 4, post, s 7412.
Lottery tickets, circulars, etc., were not mailable, by R. S. § 3894, amended by Act Sept. 19, 1890, c. 908, § 1, 26 Stat. 465, which was incorporated into the Criminal Code in section 213 thereof, post, § 10383, and was repealed by section 341 thereof, post, & 10515.
Payment of money-orders in favor of lotteries may be forbidden, and the money paid therefor returned, by R. S. § 4041, as amended by Act Sept. 19,
1890, c. 908, § 3, incorporated into that section, as set forth post, $ 7573. § 7412. (Act March 2, 1895, c. 191, § 4.) Power of Postmaster
General as to lottery mail-matter. The powers conferred upon the Postmaster General by the statute of eighteen hundred and ninety, chapter nine hundred and eight, section two, are hereby extended and made applicable to all letters or other matter sent by mail. (28 Stat. 964.)
Act Sept. 19, 1890, c. 908, § 2, mentioned in this section, amended R. S. $ 3929, and is incorporated into that section as set forth, ante, $ 7411.
Letters, circulars, etc., concerning lotteries, lottery tickets, and newspapers containing lottery advertisements are non-mailable, by R. S. § 3894, as amended by. Act Sept. 19, 1890, c. 908, § 1, 26 Stat. 465, which was incorporated into the Criminal Code in section 213 thereof, post, $ 10383, and was repealed by section 341 thereof, post, $ 10515.
CHAPTER SEVEN Unclaimed, Dead, and Request Letters, and Unclaimed
Printed Matter Sec.
Sec. 7413. Advertising letters.
7420. Proceeds of valuable dead-letters. 7414. Advertising foreign letters.
7421. Request to be returned. 7415. Posting lists of advertised letters. 7422. Forwarding letters from one of7416. Pay for advertising letters.
fice to another. 7417. Charge on advertised letters. 7423. Disposal of uncalled-for printed 7418. Return of undelivered letters.
matter. 7419. Unpaid letters to dead-letter of
fice. § 7413. (R. S. § 3930.) Advertising letters.
The Postmaster-General may direct the publication of the list of non-delivered letters at any post-office by written list posted in some public place, or, when he shall deem it for the public interest, he may direct the publication of such list in the daily or weekly newspaper regularly published within the post-office delivery which has the largest circulation within such delivery; and where no daily paper is published within the post-office delivery, such list may be published in the daily newspaper of any adjoining delivery having the largest circulation within the delivery of the post-office publishing the list; and in case of dispute as to the circulation of competing newspapers, the postmaster shall receive evidence and decide upon the fact. Such list shall be published as frequently as the Postmaster-General may deem proper, but not oftener than once a week.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 188, 17 Stat. 307.
Provisions for the disposition of uncalled-for printed matter were made
by R. S. § 4061, post, s 7423. § 7414. (R. S. § 3931.) Advertising foreign letters.
The list of non-delivered letters addressed to foreign-born persons may be published in a newspaper printed in the language most used by them, which shall be selected in the manner prescribed in the preceding section.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 189, 17 Stat. 307.
(R. S. § 3932. Transferred to Chapter 6.) This section authorized the free registry of letters containing fractional or other currency sent to the Treasurer for redemption, and those contain: ing the new currency returned for currency redeemed. It is placed with other sections relating to registered letters, ante, under chapter 6 of this
Title, 8 7409. § 7415. (R. S. § 3933.) Posting lists of advertised letters.
Every postmaster shall post, in a conspicuous place in his office, a copy of each list of non-delivered letters immediately after its publication.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 191, 17 Stat. 308. § 7416. (R. S. § 3934.) Pay for advertising letters.
The compensation for publishing the list of non-delivered letters shall in no case exceed one cent for each letter so published.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 192, 17 Stat. 308. § 7417. (R. S. § 3935.) Charge on advertised letters.
All letters published as non-delivered shall be charged with one cent in addition to the regular postage, to be accounted for as part of the postal revenue.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 193, 17 Stat. 308. § 7418. (R. S. § 3936.) Return of undelivered letters.
The Postmaster-General may regulate the period during which undelivered letters shall remain in any post-office, and when they shall be returned to the dead-letter office; and he may make regulations for their return from the dead-letter office to the writers, when they cannot be delivered to the parties addressed.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, 194, 17 Stat. 308. § 7419. (R. S. § 3937.) Unpaid letters to dead-letter office.
All domestic letters deposited in any post-office for mailing, on which the postage is wholly unpaid or paid less than one full rate as required by law, except letters lawfully free, and duly certified letters of soldiers, sailors, and marines in the service of the United States, shall be sent by the postmaster to the dead-letter office in Washington. But in large cities and adjacent districts of dense population, having two or more post-offices within a distance of three miles of each other, any letter mailed at one of such offices and addressed to a locality within the delivery of another of such offices, which shall have been inadvertently prepaid at the drop or local letter rate of postage only, may be forwarded to its destination through the proper office, charged with the amount of the deficient postage, to be collected on delivery.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 195, 17 Stat. 308. All mail-matter of the first class on which one full rate of postage is affixed was required to be forwarded, by Act March 3, 1879, c. 180, $ 26, ante, & 7347.
The franking privilege was regulated by several acts set forth in chapter
4 of this Title, ante, 887379-7381. § 7420. (R. S. § 3938.) Proceeds of valuable dead-letters.
Dead letters containing valuable inclosures shall be registered in the dead-letter office; and when they cannot be delivered to the party addressed nor to the writer, the contents thereof shall be disposed of, and a careful account shall be kept of the amount realized in each case, which shall be subject to reclamation by either the party addressed or the sender, for four years from the registry thereof; and all other letters of value or of importance to the party addressed or to the writer, and which cannot be returned to either, shall be disposed of as the Postmaster-General may direct.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 196, 17 Stat. 308.
Unclaimed money found in dead-letters was required to be deposited in the Treasury as a part of the postal revenue, by R. S. $ 4050, post, $ 7599, and the neglect so to deposit by an officer or employé of the postal service was made punishable by R. S. § 4053, which was incorporated into the Criminal Code in section 225 thereof, post, 8 10395, and was repealed by section 341
thereof, post, $ 10515. § 7421. (R. S. § 3939, as amended, Act June 24, 1910, c. 380.) Re
quest to be returned. When the writer of any letter on which the postage is prepaid shall indorse on the outside thereof his name and address, such letter shall not be advertised, but, after remaining uncalled for at the office to which it is directed the time the writer may direct or the PostmasterGeneral prescribe, shall be returned to the writer without additional charge for postage, and if not then delivered, shall be treated as a dead letter. (36 Stat. 630.)
The amendment of this section by Act June 24, 1910, c. 380, cited above, consisted chiefly in changing the time after which a letter remaining uncalled for should be returned, from “thirty days, or the time the writer may direct,” as in the original section, to “the time the writer may direct or the
Postmaster-General prescribe," as set forth here. § 7422. (R. S. § 3940.) Forwarding letters from one office to an
other. Prepaid letters shall be forwarded from one post-office to another, at the request of the party addressed, without additional charge for postage.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, $ 199, 17 Stat. 308.
Postmasters were required to notify publishers of the refusal or neglect of
subscribers to receive newspapers, by R. S. § 3885, ante, $ 7338. § 7423. (R. S. § 4061.) Disposal of uncalled-for printed matter.
The Postmaster-General may provide, by regulations, for disposing of printed and mailable matter which may remain in any postoffice, or in the Department, not called for by the party addressed; but if the publisher of any refused or uncalled-for newspaper or other periodical shall pay the postage due thereon, such newspaper or other periodical shall be excepted from the operation of such regulations.
Act June 8, 1872, c. 335, § 59, 17 Stat. 292.
Subsequent provisions as to the disposal of second class and of third and fourth class matter, remaining undelivered, were made by Act Jarch 3, 1903, c. 1009, § 9, and Act May 12, 1910, c. 230, ante, $$ 7349, 7350.
Contracts for Carrying the Mails Sec.
Sec. 7424. Advertisement of general mail 7438. Failure of bidder to enter into lettings.
contract; proceedings. 7425. Advertisement of temporary mail 7439. Contract for temporary service.
lettings; contracts; temporary 7440. New sureties on mail contracts.
service on failure of contractor. 7441. Limit of time of contract. 7426. Temporary service on failure of 7442. Changing terms of contract. contractor; liability of
7443. Notice of intention to change tractor.
terms of contract. 7427. Contracts with railways without 7444. Payment on contract. advertising.
7445. Pay for additional regular sery7428. Transmission of mail by pneumat
ice. ic tubes; contracts; expert com- 7446. Readjustment of pay of star route mission; report.
and screen wagon contractors 7429. Transmission of mail by pneumat
where weight is increased by ic tubes; contracts authorized.
parcel post. 7430. Contracts for carrying home 7447. Allowance for additional expedimails by owners of vessels.
tion. 7431. Contracts for inland and foreign 7448. Limit of allowance for additional steamboat mail service.
expedition. 7432. Proposals to be sealed, how to be 7449. Extension of mail route. opened.
7450. Fining mail contractors. 7433. Bond of bidder accompanying 7451. Mail contracts not assignable.
proposal; approval of sureties; 7452. Sub-letting or transfer of concondition of bond; recovery.
tract. 7434. Justification of sureties on bid- 7453. Sub-letting contract with conder's bond; false oath; penalty.
sent: settlements and pay7435. Recording and preserving bids;
ments. disposition of unaccepted bids 7454. Water-route contracts. and of reports of arrivals, etc., 7455. Cancellation of contract sub-let; of mails.
sub-contractor's rights; with7436. Contracts to lowest bidder.
holding compensation from con7437. Combinations to prevent bids.
tractor failing to perform con