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cials of the United States courts other than such as are required to he paid for by any of these officers out of the emoluments of their offices shall be printed at the Government Printing Office upon forms prescribed by the Department of Justice, and shall be distributed by it upon requisition. (28 Stat. 624.) § 7179. (Act Jan, 12, 1895, c. 23, $ 98.) Libraries of Executive De

partments and Military and Naval Academies constituted de

positories of Government Publications. The libraries of the eight Executive Departments, of the United States Military Academy, and United States Naval Academy are hereby constituted designated depositories of Government publications, and the Superintendent of Documents shall supply one copy of said publications, in the same form as supplied to other depositories, to each of said libraries. (28 Stat. 624.)

The eight executive departments mentioned in this section were increased .to ten by the addition of the Department of Commerce and Labor, Act Feb. 14, 1903, c. 552, ante, $8 853–861, 867, and the creation of a separate executive department of the Department of Labor by Act March 4, 1913, c. 141, ante, 88 932–936, 940–942.

(Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, $ 99. Repealed.) This section, besides providing that all future orders or requisitions for printing or binding should be governed by the provisions of this act, made further provisions as to printing, binding, etc., incident to stationery or blank books required for the Senate and House of Representatives, etc., binding of public documents for Senators and Representatives, and various other mat. ters, A provision limiting the effect of the section was made by Act March 2, 1895, c. 189, 8 1, 28 Stat. 961.

Subsequent provisions superseding those of this section were made by Act March 1, 1907, c. 2284, § 1, 34 Stat. 1012, by amendment, of section 2 of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895, by adding to said section 2 several paragraphs, including paragraphs 8 and 9, set forth post as sections 7180, 7181; and this section and said amendment thereto in Act March 3, 1895, c. 189, $ 1, were repealed by section 6 of said Act March 1, 1907, c. 2284, 34 Stat. 1015.

This section superseded R. S. § 3789, which provided that no printing or binding should be done, or blank books furnished for either House of Con. gress, except on the written order of the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of Representatives; also Act Dec. 10, 1877, c. 6, 20 Stat. 5, which authorized the Public Printer to bind, upon application of any member of Congress, and upon payment of the actual cost of such binding, any books, maps, charts, or documents; also a provision of Act Aug. 7, 1882, C. 433, § 1, 22 Stat. 334, which prohibited binding for members of Congress of more than one copy of books and documents; also a provision of Act March 3, 1883, c. 143, § 1, 22 Stat. 629, which authorized the binding for

members of Congress of one copy of each book or document. § 7180. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 2, as amended, Act March 1,

1907, c. 2284, § 1.) (Par. 8.) Stationery, blank books, etc.,

for Congress. Stationery, blank books, tables, forms, and other necessary papers preparatory to Congressional legislation, required for the official use of the Senate and the House of Representatives, or the committees and officers thereof, shall be furnished by the Public Printer upon requisition of the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, respectively. This shall not operate to prevent the purchase by the officers of the Senate and House of Representatives of such stationery and blank books as may be necessary for sale to Senators and Members in the stationery rooms of the two Houses as now provided by law. (28 Stat. 601.34 Stat. 1012.)

This paragraph and the paragraph next following, post, 8 7181, were the last two of several paragraphs added to section 2 of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895, first cited above, by amendment by Act March 1, 1907, c. 2284, § 1, last cited above.

See notes to said Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 2, par. 1, ante, 8 6955. § 7181. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 2, as amended, Act March 1,

1907, c. 2284, § 1.) (Par. 9.) Binding for Senators and Rep

resentatives. Each Senator and Representative shall be entitled to the binding in half morocco, or material not more expensive, of but one copy of each public document to which he may be entitled, an account of which, with each Senator and Representative, shall be kept by the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House, respectively. (28 Stat. 601. 34 Stat. 1012.)

This paragraph was the last of several paragraphs added to section 2 of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895, first cited above, by amendment by Act March 1, 1907, c. 2284, § 1, last cited above.

See notes to said Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 2, par. 1, ante, 6955, and par. 8, ante, $ 7180.

A previous provision substantially identical with this paragraph was made by section 99 of said Printing and Binding Act of 1895, which section was repealed by section 6 of said amendatory Act March 1, 1907, c. 2284, 34 Stat. 1015.

Previous provisions similar to some extent to those of this paragraph, were made by section 99 of said Printing and Binding Act of 1895, which section was repealed by section 6 of said amendatory Act March 1, 1907, c. 2284, 34 Stat. 1015.

(Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 100. Temporary.) This was the last section of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895. It repealed all laws in conflict with the provisions of the act. It is omitted as temporary merely, and executed.

(R. S. $$ 3823–3825. Superseded.) R. S. 8 3823 was as follows:

“The clerk of the House of Representatives shall select in Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Arkansas, one or more newspapers not exceeding the number allowed by law, in which such treaties and laws of the United States as may be ordered for publication in newspapers according to law shall be published, and in some one or more of which so selected all such advertisements as may be ordered for publication in said districts by any United States Court or judge thereof, or by any officer of such courts, or by any executive officer of the United States, shall be published, the compensation for which and other terms of publication, shall be fixed by said clerk at a rate not exceeding two dollars per page for the publication of treaties and laws, and not exceeding one dollar per square of eight lines of space, for the publication of advertisements, the accounts for which shall be adjusteil by the proper accounting officers, and paid in the manner now authorized by law in the like cases."

R. S. § 3824 was as follows:

"The clerk shall notify each head of the several executive Departments, and each Judge of the United States courts therein of papers selected by him in accordance with the provisions of the preceding section, and thereafter it shall be the duty of the several executive officers charged therewith to furnish such selected papers only, an authentic copy of the publications to be made as aforesaid ; and no money appropriated shall be paid for any publications or advertisements hereafter to be made in said districts, nor shall any such publication or advertisement be ordered by any department or public officer otherwise than as herein provided.”

R. S. § 3825 was as follows:

“The rates fixed in section thirty-eight hundred and twenty-three to be paid for the publication of the treaties and laws of the United States in the States therein designated, shall also be paid for the same publication in all the States not designated in that section.”

So much of these sections as related to the publication of laws in newspapers was superseded by Act Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, § 1, amending R. S. $ 79, ante, s 112, which provided that such publication should cease; and by the provision that all executive proclamations and treaties required by law to be published were to be published in only one newspaper printed in the District of Columbia, to be designated by the Secretary of State made by Act July 31, 1876, c. 246, g 1, post, § 7184. And as the execution of the provisions of these sections as to publication of advertisements ordered by any United States court, judge, etc., or by any executive officer, was dependent on the selection by the Clerk of the House of Representatives of newspapers for the publication of lawa, treaties and proclamations, which was superseded as above stated, the provi. sions as to advertisements by the courts, etc., also became inoperative. See 19

A. G. Op. 159. § 7182. (R. S. § 3826.) Advertisements in Washington, D. C.

All advertisements, notices, and proposals for contracts for all the Executive Departments of the Government, and the laws passed by Congress and executive proclamations and treaties to be published in the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia, shall hereafter be advertised by publication in the three daily papers published in the District of Columbia having the largest circulation, one of which shall be selected by the Clerk of the House of Representatives, and in no others. The charges for such publication shall not be higher than such as are paid by individuals for advertising in said papers, and the same publications shall be made in each of the said papers equally as to frequency: Provided, That no advertisement to any State, district, or Territory, other than the District of Columbia, Maryland, or Virginia, shall be published in the papers designated, unless at the direction first made of the proper head of a Department: And provided further, That this section shall not be construed to allow a greater compensation for the publication of the laws passed by Congress and executive proclamations and treaties in the papers of the District of Columbia than is provided by law for such publications in other papers.

Act March 2, 1867, c. 167, § 10, 14 Stat. 467. Act March 29, 1867, c. 13, $ 2, 15 Stat. 7. Act July 20, 1868, c. 176, 88 2, 4, 15 Stat. 110.

So much of this section as related to the publication of laws in newspapers was superseded by the amendment of R. S. $ 79, ante, $ 112, by Act Feb. 18, 1875, c. 80, § 1, 18 Stat. 317, to provide that the publication of laws in newspapers should cease. And so much of the section as referred to the publication of advertisements in newspapers was repealed by Act March 3, 1875, c. 128, § 1, post, 8 7183.

All executive proclamations and all treaties required by law to be published were to be published in only one newspaper printed in the District of ('olumbia, to be designated by the Secretary of State, and no advertisements for con: tracts for the public service were to be published in any newspaper published and printed in the District of Columbia, unless the supplies or labor covered by such advertisement were to be furnished or performed in said district, by Act July 31, 1876, c. 246, post, $ 7184. All advertisements, notices, proposals for contracts, and all forms of advertising required by law for the several departments of the Government, might be paid for at a price not to exceed the commercial rates charged to private individuals, with the usual discounts, by Act June 20, 1878, c. 359, § 1, post, 8 7185. The heads of the several departments were authorized, however, to secure lower terms at special rates whenever the public interest should require it.

All advertising required by existing laws to be done in the District of Columbia by any of the departments of the Government was required to be given to one daily and one weekly newspaper of each of the two principal political parties, and to one daily and one weekly newspaper, and the rates of compensation for such service were not to exceed the regular commercial rate of the newspapers selected, and no advertisement was to be paid for unless published in accordance with the provisions of R. S. § 3828, by Act Jan. 21, 1881, c. 25, post, § 7186.

(R. S. § 3827. Superseded.) This section prohibited payment to any newspaper published in the District of Columbia for advertising any other mail-routes than those in Virginia and Maryland. It was superseded by Act March 1, 1881, c. 96, § 1, post, $ 7425. Act June 23, 1874, c. 456, § 1, 18 Stat. 231, contained a provision similar to that of R. S. § 3827, which, also, was superseded by said Act March

1, 1881, c. 96, § 1. § 7183. (Act March 3, 1875, c. 128, § 1.) Publication of advertise

ments in newspapers abolished. Hereafter the mail lettings for the States of Maryland and Virginia and for the District of Columbia shall be advertised in not more than one newspaper published in the District of Columbia, and at prices satisfactory to the Postmaster-General, not exceeding the customary rates paid in the city of Washington for ordinary commercial advertisements; and so much of section three thousand eight hundred and twenty-six of the Revised Statutes of the United States as refers to the publication of advertisements in newspapers, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. (18 Stat. 342.)

This provision was part of the postal service appropriation act for the fiscal year 1876, cited above.

So much of this provision as related to mail lettings was superseded by Act March 1, 1881, c. 96, § 1, post, 8 7425. The remainder repealed so much of R. S. § 3826, ante, & 7182, as referred to the publication of advertisements in

newspapers. $ 7184. (Act July 31, 1876, c. 246.) Publication of proclamations

and treaties; advertisements for contracts in District of Co

lumbia. That all executive proclamations, & all treaties required by law to be published, shall be published in only one newspaper, the same to be printed and published in the District of Columbia and to be designated by the Secretary of State; and in no case of advertisement for contracts for the public service shall the same be published in any newspaper published and printed in the District of Columbia unless the supplies or labor covered by such advertisement are to be furnished or performed in said District of Columbia. (19 Stat. 105.)

These were provisions of the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1877, cited above.

See note to R. S. § 3826, ante, $ 7182, as to effect of these provisions upon that section.

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§ 7185. (Act June 20, 1878, c. 359, § 1.) Rate of payment for adver

tisements, notices, proposals, etc. Hereafter all advertisements, notices, proposals for contracts, and all forms of advertising required by law for the several departments of the government may be paid for at a price not to exceed the commercial rates charged to private individuals, with the usual discounts; such rates to be ascertained from sworn statements to be furnished by the proprietors or publishers of the newspapers proposing so to advertise: but the heads of the several departments may secure lower terms at special rates whenever the public interest requires it. (20 Stat. 216.)

This was a provision of the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1879, cited above.

See note to R. S. § 3826, ante, $ 7182. $ 7186. (Act Jan. 21, 1881, c. 25, § 1.) Advertising in District of

Columbia; rate of compensation. All advertising required by existing laws to be done in the District of Columbia by any of the departments of the government shall be given to one daily and one weekly newspaper of each of the two principal political parties and to one daily and one weekly neutral newspaper: Provided, That the rates of compensation for such service shall in no case exceed the regular commercial rate of the newspapers selected; nor shall any advertisement be paid for unless published in accordance with section thirty-eight hundred and twenty-eight of the Revised Statutes. (21 Stat. 317.)

This was the first section of an act entitled "An act to regulate the award of and compensation for public advertising in the District of Columbia."

Section 2 of the act repealed all laws inconsistent with the act.

R. S. § 3828, mentioned in this section is set forth post, $ 7187. § 7187. (R. S. § 3828.) No advertisement without authority.

No advertisement, notice, or proposal for any Executive Department of the Government, or for any Bureau thereof, or for any office therewith connected, shall be published in any newspaper whatever, except in pursuance of a written authority for such publication from the head of such Department; and no bill for any such advertising, or publication, shall be paid, unless there be presented, with such bill, a copy of such written authority.

Act July 15, 1870, c. 292, § 2, 16 Stat. 308.
See notes to R. S. § 3826, ante, § 7182.
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