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those specifically appropriated for above, shall be reported to Congress each year in connection with the annual estimates. (35 Stat. 1021.)

This was a provision of the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1910, cited above.

The appropriations made in this act under “Government Printing Office," mentioned in this provision, other than the appropriations for the office of Superintendent of Documents, which are expressly excepted, are under the headings "Office of the Public Printer," "Office of the Deputy Public Printer," “Watch Force," "Doorkeepers," "Telephone Operators,” and “Holidays" and Leaves of Absence.” They were made for the fiscal year 1910, and, of the above provisions relating to them, only the requirement of a report to Congress "each year” of payments additional to the specific appropriations can be regarded as permanent. The appropriations for the subsequent fiscal years were in similar form. The provisions for the fiscal year 1914, were by Act June 23, 1913, c. 3, 38 Stat. 67.

No more than an allotment of one-half of the sum appropriated for the fiscal year 1914 was to be expended in the first two quarters of the fiscal year, and no more than one-fourth in either of the last two quarters and all expenditures from appropriations except appropriations for salaries and stores and general expenses in and for the office of superintendent of documents were to be equitably apportioned and charged by the Public Printer to each publication or work executed under the allotments made, so that the total charges for work done from the appropriations should not be less than the total amount actually expended from all appropriations by provisions of said sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1914, Act June 23, 1913, c. 3, 38 Stat. 70.

§ 7168. (Res. March 30, 1906, No., 14.) Regulations for printing

public documents, etc., for Congress in two or more editions; requisitions on Public Printer therefor; printing of full num

ber and allotment of full quota not to be obstructed. The Joint Committee on Printing is hereby authorized and directed to establish rules and regulations, from time to time, which shall be observed by the Public Printer, whereby public documents and reports printed for Congress, or either House thereof, may be printed in two or more editions, instead of one, to meet the public requirements: Provided, That in no case shall the aggregate of said editions exceed the number of copies now authorized or which may hereafter be authorized: And provided further, That the number of copies of any public document or report now authorized to be printed or which may hereafter be authorized to be printed for any of the Executive Departments, or bureaus or branches thereof, or independent offices of the Government may be supplied in two or more editions, instead of one, upon a requisition on the Public Printer by the official head of such Department or independent office, but in no case shall the aggregate of said editions exceed the number of copies now authorized, or which may hereafter be authorized: Provided further, That nothing herein shall operate to obstruct the printing of the full number of any document or report, or the allotment of the full quota to Senators and Representatives, as now authorized, or which may hereafter be authorized, when a legitimate demand for the full complement is known 10 exist. (34 Stat. 826.)

This was a joint resolution to prevent unnecessary printing and binding and to correct evils in the present method of distribution of public documents.

§ 7169. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, $ 90.) Departments to order docu

ments required; limit; bills and resolutions for Departments. The heads of Executive Departments, and such executive officers as are not connected with the Departments, respectively, shall cause daily examination of the Congressional Record for the purpose of noting documents, reports, and other publications of interest to their Departments, and shall cause an immediate order to be sent to the Public Printer for the number of copies of such publications required for official use, not to exceed, however, the number of bureaus in the Department and divisions in the office of the head thereof. The Public Printer shall send to each Executive Department and to each executive office not connected with the Departments, as soon as printed, five copies of all bills and resolutions, except the State Department, to which shall be sent ten copies of bills and resolutions. When the head of a Department desires a greater number of any class of bills or resolutions for official use, they shall be furnished by the Public Printer on requisition promptly made. (28 Stat. 623.)

The Public Printer was directed to print, in addition to the usual number, and furnish to the Department of State, twenty copies of each Senate and

House document and report, by Res. Feb. 7, 1896, No. 14, ante, & 7024. § 7170. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, $ 92.) Departmental distribution

of documents. Government publications printed for or received by the Executive Departments, whether for official use or for distribution, shall be distributed by a competent person detailed to such duty in each Department by the head thereof. He shall keep an account in detail of all publications received and distributed by him. He shall prevent duplication, and make detailed report to the head of the Department, who shall transmit the same annually to Congress. (28 Stat. 623.)

The provisions of this section were in a great measure superseded by the transfer of all work of distribution of publications from executive departments

to the Public Printing Office by Act Aug. 23, 1912, c. 350, § 8, post, $ 7171. § 7171. (Act Aug. 23, 1912, c. 350, § 8.) Distribution of publica

tions to be done by Public Printer; equipment to be transferred; mailing lists; employés of other departments not to

be used; department orders, etc., excepted. That no money appropriated by this or any other Act shall be used after the first day of October, nineteen hundred and twelve, for services in any executive department or other Government establishment at Washington, District of Columbia, in the work of addressing, wrapping, mailing, or otherwise dispatching any publication for public distribution, except maps, weather reports, and weather cards issued by an executive department or other Government establishment at Washington, District of Columbia, or for the purchase of material or supplies to be used in such work; and on and after October first, nineteen hundred and twelve, it shall be the duty of the Public Printer to perform such work at the Government Printing Office. Prior to October first, nineteen hundred and twelve, each executive department and other Government establishment at Washington, District of Columbia, shall transfer to the Public Printer such machines, equipment, and materials as are used in addressing, wrapping, mailing, or otherwise dispatching publications; and each head of such executive department and other Government establishment at Washington, District of Columbia, shall furnish from time to time to the Public Printer mailing lists, in convenient form, and changes therein, or franked slips, for use in the public distribution of publications issued by such department or establishment; and the Public Printer shall furnish copies of any publication only in accordance with the provisions of law or the instruction of the head of the department or establishment issuing the publication. The employment of all persons in the several executive departments and other Government establishments at Washington, District of Columbia, wholly in connection with the duties herein transferred to the Public Printer, or whose services can be dispensed with or devolved upon another because of such transfer, shall cease and determine on or before the first day of October, nineteen hundred and twelve, and their salaries or compensation shall lapse for the remainder of the fiscal year nineteen hundred and thirteen and be covered into the Treasury. A detailed statement of all machines, equipment, and material transferred to the Government Printing Office by operation of this provision and of all employments discontinued shall be submitted to Congress at its next session by the head of each executive department and other Government establishments at Washington, District of Columbia, in the annual estimates of appropriations: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed as applying to orders, instructions, directions, notices, or circulars of information, printed for and issued by any of the executive departments or other Government establishments or to the distribution of public documents by Senators or Members of the House of Representatives or to the folding rooms and documents rooms of the Senate or House of Representatives. (37 Stat. 414.)

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This was a provision of the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation act for the fiscal year 1912, cited above.

The consolidation of department printing offices was provided for by section 31 of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895, ante, 8 6987.

See note to section 91 of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895, ante, $ 7170,

as to effect of this act on distribution of documents by executive departments. § 7172. (Act Jan, 12, 1895, c. 23, § 93.) Printing and binding for

Departments, etc. When any Department, the Supreme Court, the Court of Claims, or the Library of Congress shall require printing or binding to be done, it shall be on certificate that such work be necessary for the public service; whereupon the Public Printer shall furnish an estimate of the cost by the principal items for such printing or binding so called for, after which requisitions shall be made upon him therefor by the head of such Department, the Clerk of the Supreme Court, Chief Justice of the Court of Claims, or the Librarian of Congress; and the Public Printer shall place the cost thereof to the debit of such Department in its annual appropriation for printing and binding. (28 Stat. 623.)

This section superseded R. S. § 3789, which provided that no printing or binding should be done, or blanks furnished, for any of the Executive Departments, except on a written requisition by the head of such Department, or one of his assistants; also that part of R. S. § 3802, which provided that whenever Congress made an appropriation for any department or public office, to be expended "for printing and binding to be executed under the di. rection of the Congressional Printer," such printer should open an account with the Department or office, and charge thereon all printing and binding ordered; also part of Act June 20, 1878, c. 359, § 1, 20 Stat. 206, which provided that, whenever any Department should require printing to be done, the Public Printer should furnish to such Department an estimate of the cost, by the principal items, for said printing, and place to the debit of such Department the cost of the same, on certification of the head of the Department, the Supreme Court, the Court of Claims, or Library of Congress that said printing was necessary.

Estimates by heads of Executive Departments and other officers of printing and binding for their departments and offices were to be included in their an. nual estimates for appropriations, by R. S. § 3661, ante, 8 6674.

§ 7173. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 94.) Restrictions on printing.

No head of any Executive Department, or of any bureau, branch, or office of the Government, shall cause to be printed, nor shall the Public Printer print, any document or matter except that which is authorized by law and necessary to the public business; and executive officers, before transmitting their annual reports, shall carefully examine the same and all accompanying documents, and exclude therefrom all matter, including engravings, maps, drawings, and illustrations, except such as they shall certify in their letters transmitting such reports are necessary and relate entirely to the transaction of the public business. (28 Stat. 623.)

This section superseded R. S. § 3788, which provided that no officer in charge of any bureau or office in any Department should cause to be printed at the public expense any report he might make to the President, or to the head of the Department, except as provided for; also a paragraph in Act June 23, 1874, c. 455, § 1, 18 Stat. 204, which provided that no expensive maps or illustrations should be printed in the Executive Department reports without special order of Congress; also a paragraph in Act July 7, 1884, C. 332, § 1, 23 Stat. 227, which contained a provision somewhat similar to one in this section.

Besides the restrictions on printing contained in this section, further restrictions upon printing and binding for Congress as well as for the Executive Departments, etc., were imposed by Acts March 3, 1905, c. 1483, § 1, and c. 1484, § 1, post, $8 7175, 7176.

$ 7174. (Act March 3, 1905, c. 1483, § 1.) Requirements of reports

recommending printing and binding for Congress. For printing and binding for Congress, including the proceedings and debates, * And printing and binding for Congress chargeable to this appropriation, when recommended to be done by the Committee on Printing of either House, shall be so recommended in a report containing an approximate estimate of the cost thereof, together with a statement from the Public Printer of estimated approximate cost of work previously ordered by Congress, within the fiscal year for which this appropriation is made. (33 Stat. 1212.)

This was a provision of the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1906, cited above.

The requirements of this act as to reports recommending printing and binding chargeable to the appropriation are repeated in the same language in the similar acts from year to year in connection with the appropriations for the same objects, although the use in each act, of the words “this appropriation," appears to limit the application of the provision to the appropriation for the particular year. The provision for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1914, was

by Act June 23, 1913, c. 3, § 1, 38 Stat. 68. § 7175. (Act March 3, 1905, c. 1483, § 1.) Restrictions on use of

appropriations made for printing and binding, for illustrations,

etc. Hereafter no part of the appropriations made for printing and binding shall be used for any illustration, engraving, or photograph in any document or report ordered printed by Congress unless the order to print expressly authorizes the same, nor in any document or report of any executive department or other Government establishment until the head of the executive department or Government establishment shall certify in a letter transmitting such report that the illustration is necessary and relates entirely to the transaction of public business. (33 Stat. 1213.)

This was a proviso annexed to the appropriations for public printing and binding in the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year 1906, cited above.

Previous similar provisions, but without the word “hereafter,” and applicable only to the appropriations therein made, were contained in the sundry civil appropriation act for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1904, Act March 3, 1903, c. 1007, § 3, 32 Stat. 1147.

Previous restrictions on printing, engravings, etc., and illustrations, were im

posed by section 94 of the Printing and Binding Act of 1895, ante, $ 7173. § 7176. (Act March 3, 1905, c. 1484, § 1.) Restrictions on printing

for Executive Departments. Hereafter no book or document not having to do with the ordinary business transactions of the Executive Departments shall be printed on the requisition of any Executive Department or unless the same shall have been expressly authorized by Congress. (33 Stat. 1249.)

This was a provision of the deficiency appropriation act for the fiscal year

1905, cited above. § 7177. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, $ 95.) Exchange of documents.

Heads of Departments are authorized to exchange surplus documents for such other documents and books as may be required by them, when the same can be done to the advantage of the public service. (28 Stat. 623.)

(Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 96. Superseded.) This section related to contracts by the Postmaster-General for envelopes. It was superseded by the more comprehensive provisions relating to the sub

ject of Act June 26, 1906, c. 3546, post, $ 7392. § 7178. (Act Jan. 12, 1895, c. 23, § 97.) Blanks and letter heads

for judges and officers of courts. All blanks and letter heads for use by the judges and other offi

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