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1981!

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COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Chairman
AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio
WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois
PHILLIP BURTON, California

JAMES M. JEFFORDS, Vermont
JOSEPH M. GAYDOS, Pennsylvania

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania
WILLIAM (BILL) CLAY, Missouri

E. THOMAS COLEMAN, Missouri
MARIO BIAGGI, New York

KEN KRAMER, Colorado
IKE ANDREWS, North Carolina

ARLEN ERDAHL, Minnesota
PAUL SIMON, Illinois

THOMAS E. PETRI, Wisconsin
GEORGE MILLER, California

MILLICENT FENWICK, New Jersey
AUSTIN J. MURPHY, Pennsylvania

MARGE ROUKEMA, New Jersey
TED WEISS, New York

EUGENE JOHNSTON, North Carolina
BALTASAR CORRADA, Puerto Rico

LAWRENCE J. DENARDIS, Connecticut
DALE E. KILDEE, Michigan

LARRY E. CRAIG, Idaho
PETER A. PEYSER, New York

WENDELL BAILEY, Missouri
PAT WILLIAMS, Montana
WILLIAM R. RATCHFORD, Connecticut
RAY KOGOVSEK, Colorado
HAROLD WASHINGTON, Illinois
DENNIS E. ECKART, Ohio

917 à

NGRF

ONGRA

SUBCOMMITTEE ON ELEMENTARY, SECONDARY, AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky, Chairman
WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania
IKE ANDREWS, North Carolina

JAMES M. JEFFORDS, Vermont
GEORGE MILLER, California

E. THOMAS COLEMAN, Missouri
BALTASAR CORRADA, Puerto Rico

ARLEN ERDAHL, Minnesota
DALE E. KILDEE, Michigan

THOMAS E. PETRI, Wisconsin
PAT WILLIAMS, Montana

(Ex Officio)
AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California MARGE ROUKEMA, New Jersey
MARIO BIAGGI, New York

LAWRENCE J. DENARDIS, Connecticut
WILLIAM R. RATCHFORD, Connecticut LARRY E. CRAIG, Idaho
HAROLD WASHINGTON, Illinois

817 ?

817

NGRY

SUBCOMMITTEE ON POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION

PAUL SIMON, Mlinois, Chairman
WILLIAM D. FORD, Michigan

E. THOMAS COLEMAN, Missouri
PETER A. PEYSER, New York

JOHN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois
JOSEPH M. GAYDOS, Pennsylvania

ARLEN ERDAHL, Minnesota
TED WEISS, New York

(Ex Officio)
IKE ANDREWS, North Carolina

LAWRENCE J. DENARDIS, Connecticut
DENNIS E. ECKART, Ohio

WENDELL BAILEY, Missouri
CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

(Ex Officio)

(II)

NGRA

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CONTENTS

Page

Text of H.R. 1662..

2

Hearings held in Washington, D.C. on:

July 21, 1981...

1

July 22, 1981.

171

November 4, 1981

391
November 5, 1981.

807

Statement of

Anrig, Gregory, president, Educational Testing Services........

393

Austen, Mary Ann, counsel to State Senator Kenneth P. LaValle of New

York

760

Bennett, Carolyn, student, Johns Hopkins University

172

Casteen, John T., III, dean of admissions, University of Virginia.

197

Cooper, John, president, Association of Medical Colleges ....

769

Galligan, Michael, graduate, Clarkstown South High School, New City,

N.Y..

173

Goslin, David A., executive director, Assembly of Behavioral and Social

Sciences, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences,
Washington, D.C....

832
Hanford, George, president, the College Board

52
Johnson, Sylvia, professor of research methodology, School of Education,
Department of Psychoeducational Studies, Howard University

36
Kaplan, Stanley H., founder, Stanley H. Kaplan Educational Center

877
Mehrens, William, professor of measurement and statistics, School of

Education, Department of Educational Psychology, Michigan State Uni-
versity .....

18

Pines, Lois, former Boston Regional Director, Federal Trade Commission .. 808

Priddy, Michael D., director of research, planning, and evaluation, Guil-

ford County School System, Greensboro, N.C., accompanied by Marian

Epstein, expert in test development.

179

Rever, Dr. Philip R., director, American College Testing Service, Wash-
ington, D.C..........

586
Robinson, Sharon, director, Instruction and Professional Development,
National Education Association

224
Schafer, William, professor, Educational Measurement and Statistics, Col-

lege of Education, Department of Measurement and Statistics, Univer-
sity of Maryland.

194

Shields, Patrick, director, East Harlem College and Career Counseling

Program, New York, N.Y

182

Sjogren, Cliff, director of admissions, University of Michigan.

216

Wigdor, Alexandra, study director, Committee on Ability Testing, Nation-
al Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C..........

838
Zimmer, Bruce, executive director, Law School Admission Council.

59

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental materials, etc.-

American Dental Association, prepared statement of .

800

Anrig, Gregory R., president, Educational Testing Service, Princeton,

N.J.:

Appendix A.-Board of Trustees Policy on Public Issues..

408

Appendix B.-Public Interest Principles for the Design and Use of

Admissions Testing Programs ...

411

Appendix C.-ETS Standards for Quality and Fairness.

415

Appendix D.-Summary Report on Test Disclosure_Requests, Test

Item Challenges, Hand-Scoring Requests, and Test Fees

453

Appendix E.-Members of ETS Board of Trustees, 1980–81

455

"ÉIS in Fact, 1981," pamphlet entitled .....

484

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental materials, etc. Continued

Anrig, Gregory R., president, Educational Testing Service, Princeton,

N.J.-Continued

“Issues of Effectiveness and Equity in the Coaching Controversy:

Implications for Educational and Testing Practice," Research Page

Report .....

509

Letter to Chairman Perkins, dated December 10, 1981, enclosing

requested additional information

461

Prepared statement of ......

399

"Preparing for Tests," booklet entitled.

583

"Score Validity Procedures," pamphlet entitled.

474

"Side-by-Side Comparison of H.R. 1662 Provisions and Current Prac-

tices of Guidance and Admissions Tests Administered by ETS,"

pamphlet entitled

496

Association of American Publishers, Inc., prepared statement of...

900

Austen, Mary Ann M., counsel to New York State Senator Kenneth P.

LaValle, prepared statement of ......

763

Baer, Joe, director of guidance, South Milwaukee Senior High School,

South Milwaukee, Wis., letter to Congressman Clement J. Zablocki,
enclosing a letter

1079

Casteen, John T., III., dean of admissions, University of Virginia:

"On the Competencies Students Ought to Have," article entitled 215

Prepared statement of ......

201

Proposal for the National Association of College Admissions Counsel-

ors Forum on College Admissions Tests......

205

Cooper, John, president, Association of American Medical Colleges, pre-
pared statement of .......

776

Dickinson, Earl O., D.V.M., president, the Association of American Vet-

erinary Medical Colleges:

Letter to Chairman Perkins, dated July 24, 1981

385

Prepared statement of ........

386

Epstein, Marion G., senior adviser, Educational Testing Service, Prince-

ton, NJ.:

Attachment A, “Taking the SAT, a Guide to the Scholastic Aptitude

Test and the Test of Standard Written English," article entitled..... 304

Attachment B, Standardized Testing Has Become Education's latest

Scapegoat," article from the American School Board Journal

Attachment C, "Developing a Test," pamphlet entitled..

358

Attachment D, "Questioning the Questions, the Process for Challeng-

ing a Question on an ETS Test,"

360

Letter to Chairman Simon, enclosing additional information, dated

August 6, 1981 ....

299

Goslin, David A., executive director, Assembly of Behavioral and Social

Sciences, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences,

Washington, D.C., prepared statement of ..

834

Hanford, George H., president, the College Board:

Prepared statement of ...

55

Letter to Chairman Perkins, enclosing supplemental statement,
dated July 31, 1981....

110
Johnson, Sylvia, professor of research methodology, School of Education,

Department of Psychoeducational Studies, Howard University, pre-
pared statement of

39

Kaplan, Stanley H., founder, Stanley H. Kaplan Educational Center,

prepared statement of .....

869

Mehrens, William, professor of measurement and statistics, School of
Education, Department of Educational Psychology, Michigan State Uni-
versity:
"ETS Versus Nairn/Nader: Who Reigns?," article from Measurement
and Evaluation in Guidance, vol. 14, No. 2, July 1981.

26
Letter to Congressman Simon, enclosing responses to request for
additional information, dated July 27, 1981

108
"NCME Statement on Educational Admissions Testing,” article enti-
tled ..........

23

Messick, Dr. Samuel, vice president and distinguished research scientist,

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J.:

Letter from Congressman William É. Goodling, requesting informa-

tion, dated November 16, 1981..

918

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental materials, etc.-

Continued

Messick, Dr. Samuel, vice president and distinguished research scientist,

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J.-Continued

Letter to Congressman William F. Goodling, answering additional Page

questions, dated November 30, 1981......

919

"The Effectiveness of Coaching for the SAT: Review and Reanalysis
of Research From the Fifties to the FTC," report entitled..

925
“Time and Method in Coaching for the SAT," excerpt from Psycho-
logical Bulletin, 1981.

1051
Miller, James C., III, chairman, Federal Trade Commission, Washington,

D.C., letter to Chairman Simon, in response to questions concerning
FTC reports, dated December 7, 1981.....

822
Muris, Timothy J., director, Bureau of Consumer Protection, Federal
Trade Commission, prepared statement of .......

914
Peltason, J. W., Office of the President, American Council on Education,

Washington, D.C., letter to Chairman Perkins, dated August 20, 1981 379

Pines, Lois G., former Director, Boston Regional Office, Federal Trade

Commission, prepared statement of .....

812

Ravitch, Diane, Division of Philosophy, the Social Sciences, and Educa-

tion, Teachers College, Columbia University:

"Forgetting the Questions, the Problem of Educational Reform," arti-

cle from the American Scholar..

367

Letter to Chairman Simon, dated July 13, 1981..........

365
Rever, Dr. Philip R., the American College Testing Program:

ACT Research Reports:

No. 6, August 1965.

No. 69, August 1975..

723

No. 80, October 1979.

738

Prepared statement of ..

587

The ACT Assessment, sample test booklet:
8120C.

599
8121C.

635
8121B..

671

Robinson, Sharon, director, Instruction and Professional Development,

National Education Association:

“Survey of School Programs and Practices 1980,” research memo

entitled.......

225

Prepared statement of

275

Rudley, Suanne, policy analyst, Office of Government Relations, the Na-

tional PTA, Washington, D.C., letter to Buddy Blakey, enclosing pre-
pared statement, dated November 13, 1981...

915
Sammons, James H., M.D., executive vice president, American Medical

Association, Chicago, Ill., letter to Chairman Perkins, dated August 4,
1981..

383
Shields, Patrick, M., associate director, East Harlem College, and Career
Counseling Program, New York City, prepared statement of ..

186

Simon, Hon. Paul, a Representative in Congress from the State of Illinois

and Chairman of the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education:
Opening statement ......

391

Opening statement of, November 5, 1981

807

Sjogren, Dr. Cliff, director of admissions, University of Michigan, pre-

pared statement of .

220

Smith, Kathleen D., RDH, MS, president, American Dental Hygienists'

Association, Washington, D.C. letter to Chairman Perkins, dated No-

vember 25, 1981......

1077

Solomon, Steve, co-director, the Committee for Fair and Open Testing,

New York, N.Y.:

Appendix A..

136

Appendix B

139

Appendix C

148

Appendix D..

167

Testimony of ..

118

Wigdnor, Alexandra K., on behalf of the Committee on Ability Testing,

National Academy of Sciences:

Committee on Ability Testing (list of members).

855

Prepared statement of ..

842

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental materials, etc.—Continued
Zimmer, Bruce I., executive director, Law School Admission Council,
Washington, D.C.:
Appendix A
Appendix B
Law School Admission Bulletin:
November 1980

Prepared statement of...

Page

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