Copyright Infringements (audio and Video Recorders): Hearing Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, First and Second Sessions, on S. 1758 ... November 30, 1981 and April 21, 1982
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982 - 1384 lappuses
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advertising allow Amendment American Appeals Association audience audio authors believe benefit Betamax bill broadcast cassette Circuit CITY claim committee companies compensation concerned Congress constitute consumer continue copy Copyright Act copyright law copyright owners Corp corporation cost court create damages decision defendants determine distribution district court economic effect exemption existing fact fair Federal fees going harm holders important individual industry infringement intended interest issue legislation liable license limited machines manufacturers material million motion pictures movie opinion owners plaintiff present problem profits programs proposed protection question reasonable Report require result retail royalty ruling sell Senator D'AMATO Senator DECONCINI SHEINBERG shows Sony sound statement Studios substantial suggest Supreme Court tape television tion United Universal UNIVERSAL CITY video recording videotape viewing watch
185. lappuse - ... 1. the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; 2. the nature of the copyrighted work; 3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and 4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
833. lappuse - Subject to sections 107 through 118, the owner of copyright under this title has the exclusive rights to do and to authorize any of the following: (1) to reproduce the copyrighted work in copies or phonorecords ; (2) to prepare derivative works based upon the copyrighted work; (3) to distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending...
108. lappuse - Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106 , the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use) , scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.
116. lappuse - ... nothing in this Act contained shall in any way abridge or alter the remedies now existing at common law or by statute, but the provisions of this Act are in addition to such remedies...
112. lappuse - It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. Those who apply the rule to particular cases must of necessity expound and interpret that rule. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each.
210. lappuse - The economic philosophy behind the clause empowering Congress to grant patents and copyrights is the conviction that encouragement of individual effort by personal gain is the best way to advance public welfare through the talents of authors and inventors in "Science and useful Arts.
952. lappuse - ... as the result of organization and the expenditure of labor, skill, and money, and which is salable by complainant for money, and that defendant in appropriating it and selling it as its own is endeavoring to reap where it has not sown...
222. lappuse - The court shall remit statutory damages in any case where an infringer believed and had reasonable grounds for believing that his or her use of the copyrighted work was a fair use under section 107...
469. lappuse - The utility of this power will scarcely be questioned. The copyright of authors has been solemnly adjudged, in Great Britain, to be a right at common law. The right to useful inventions seems with equal reason to belong to the inventors.
193. lappuse - In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include 1. the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes 2. the nature of the copyrighted work 3.