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710.1012 Washington/93

The Secretary of State to the Minister in Ecuador (Bading) No. 593

WASHINGTON, July 12, 1928. SIR: As the Legation is aware, circular instructions regarding invi. tations to foreign governments have not been carried out in respect to Ecuador due to the nonrecognition of the present regime in that country.16 In view, however, of the Department's circular telegram of June 19, 1928, instructing you to deliver to the Ecuadoran Government the invitation quoted therein to participate in a conference on conciliation and arbitration to be held in Washington commencing December 10, 1928, you may in future deliver or extend all invitations received by the Legation under circular instructions bearing dates subsequent to the date of the circular telegram above mentioned, as well as the invitation to foreign governments to be represented at the International Conference on Civil Aeronautics communicated in circular instruction Diplomatic Serial No. 728 of June 18, 1928.18 Other circular instructions regarding the extension of invitations dated prior to June 19, 1928, may be disregarded. I am [etc.]

FRANK B. KELLOGG

710.1012 Washington/119

The Chargé in Colombia (Matthews) to the Secretary of State No. 1415

Bogotá, September 29, 1928.

[Received October 20.] SIR: I have the honor to refer to the Department's instruction No. 1057 of April 14, 1928,17 with reference to the forthcoming Conference of Conciliation and Arbitration and to report thereon as follows:

Mr. Piles 18 several times before his departure took up with the Minister for Foreign Affairs the subject matter of the instruction under reference but was unable to obtain any definite information as to the steps which the Colombian Government might take or its probable attitude towards the conference other than the assurance that Colombia would be officially represented thereat.

I took occasion to have a conversation on the subject with the Minister for Foreign Affairs on September 27th and reiterated the hope of the United States Government that the Government of Colombia will see its way to ratify the Gondra treaty and deposit

16 De jure recognition was extended to the regime of Dr. Ayora on August 14, 1928; see vol. 11, pp. 742 ff.

19 Not printed. For the proceedings of the conference, see International Civil Aeronautics Conference, Washington, D. C., December 12-14, 1928, Proceedings of the Conference (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1929).

See footnote 72, p. 623.
Samuel H. Piles, retiring American Minister in Colombia.

18

ratification thereof at Santiago, Chile, before the conference. Dr. Uribe told me that he considered it highly important for Colombia to ratify the aforesaid treaty and intended to present it to Congress in the coming week. He said that he had presented it last year but could arouse little interest therein and that it consequently died in committee. He feels, however, that the chances of obtaining its ratification in the present Congress are good. Up to the present, he informed me, the Colombian delegates to the conference have not been decided upon nor have any instructions been drawn up.

I have been endeavoring to ascertain informally and discreetly the views of the Colombian Government on the general question of arbitration and conciliation and of the probable nature of its instructions to its delegates. My efforts have met with but little success and the one definite impression I have gained is that there is at present little interest in the forthcoming conference and little faith in conventions on arbitration and conciliation. .. I have [etc.]

H. FREEMAN MATTHEWS

710.1012 Washington P 43/73 : Telegram

The Ambassador in Chile (Culbertson) to the secretary of State

SANTIAGO, October 13, 1928noon.

[Received 2 p. m.] 114. Department's instruction No. 834, April 14, 1928;1o and Department's circular of August 16, 11 p. m.20 Chilean Government officially accept invitation and notify as delegates Chilean Ambassador in Washington and Manuel Foster Recas, distinguished Chilean attorney.

Note of acceptance avers that:

"It is a great pleasure for me to add that Chile has always vigorously supported the progress of arbitration in America which should now be applied as a general rule to the questions susceptible to this treatment, while particular cases of considerable importance should be submitted to special arbiters.”

CULBERTSON

710.1012 Washington/118 : Telegram

The Minister in Uruguay (Grant-Smith) to the Secretary of State

MONTEVIDEO, October 19, 1928—10 a. m.

[Received 10:40 a. m.] 32. Your instruction No. 129, April 14 last.18 The Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs informed me yesterday that the attitude of the

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Uruguayan Government relative to the arbitration of juridical questions would be the same as at the Rio de Janeiro Conference. The delegate[s] would be named shortly and would go from here.

GRANT-SMITH

ESTABLISHMENT OF PERMANENT COMMISSIONS UNDER TREATY TO AVOID OR PREVENT CONFLICTS BETWEEN THE AMERICAN STATES, SIGNED MAY 3, 1923 (GONDRA TREATY)

710.1012 Commission/1

22

The Secretary of State to the Colombian Minister (Olaya)

WASHINGTON, March 2, 1928. Sir: By Article 3 of the Treaty to avoid or prevent conflicts between the American States, signed on May 3, 1923, at the Fifth International Conference of American States, held in Santiago, Chile, a copy of which I enclose for your ready convenience,28 it is stipulated that the two Permanent Commissions provided for in the Treaty, shall be established with their seats at Washington and at Montevideo, and that they shall be composed of the three American diplomatic agents longest accredited in those capitals, who, at the call of the foreign offices of the United States of America and Uruguay, shall organize and appoint their respective chairmen.

Inasmuch as this treaty has been ratified by the United States of America, Brazil, Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, Paraguay and Venezuela, and is now in force as between those Governments, I have the honor, in fulfillment of the duty entrusted to me by the Treaty, to invite you, as one of the three senior American accredited diplomatic agents residing in Washington, to meet with the two other senior American diplomatic agents at this capital, Mr. J. Varela, Minister of Uruguay, and Señor Doctor Ricardo J. Alfaro, Minister of Panama, who have been similarly invited, for the purpose of organizing the Permanent Commission having its seat at Washington provided for in the Treaty. I shall be obliged if I may be informed of the action taken on this request.

I understand that the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Uruguay is similarly inviting the three senior American diplomatic agents accredited to that Government for the organization of the other Commission provided for in the Treaty, to have its seat at Montevideo. Accept [etc.]

[File copy not signed]

22 The same, mutatis mutandis, on the same date, to the Panaman Minister and the Uruguayan Minister.

» Foreign Relations, 1923, vol. I, p. 308.

710.1012 Commission/7

The Acting Secretary of State to the Colombian Minister (Olaya)

WASHINGTON, March 26, 1928. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note No. 258 of March 13, 1928,24 wherein, with reference to the Secretary of State's note of March 2, 1928, you state that, as one of the three American diplomatic agents longest accredited at Washington, you are ready at any time that may be agreeable, to meet with Dr. J. Varela, Minister of Uruguay, and Señor Dr. Don Ricardo J. Alfaro, Minister of Panama, the other two, for the purpose of organizing, and appointing the Chairman of, the Permanent Commission with its seat at Washington, provided for in Article 3 of the Treaty to avoid or prevent conflicts between the American States, signed on May 3, 1923, at the Fifth International Conference of American States.

A similar willingness having been expressed by Dr. J. Varela, Minister of Uruguay, and understanding that Señor Dr. Don Ricardo J. Alfaro, Minister of Panama, who is absent from this country, has deputized Señor Don Juan B. Chevalier, Chargé d'Affaires ad interim of Panama at Washington, to represent him at the meeting, I have the honor to invite your and their attendance at my office in the Department of State on Thursday, March 29, at eleven o'clock A. M. for the purposes above stated.

A like note is being addressed to Dr. Varela and to Señor Chevalier. Accept [etc.]

ROBERT E. OLDS

710. 1912 Commission/10 Report of a Meeting Between the Minister of Uruguay, the Minister of

Colombia, and the Chargé d'Affaires ad Interim of Panama in the Office of the Acting Secretary of State on March 29, 1928, at 11 a. m.

Mr. Olds informed the Minister of Uruguay, the Minister of Colombia and the Chargé d'Affaires ad interim of Panama that he had invited them to meet in order that they might organize the Permanent Commission to be established at Washington in accordance with Article III of the Treaty to Avoid or Prevent Conflicts Between the American States, signed at Santiago, Chile, on May 3, 1923, which Commission was to be composed of the three American diplomatic agents longest accredited in Washington. It was understood that the Chargé d'Affaires ad interim of Panama was representing the Minister of Panama by the latter's consent, Dr. Alfaro being at the present time on leave of absence in Panama

* Not printed.

237576-42-49

On the nomination of Dr. Olaya, seconded by Dr. Chevalier, Dr. Varela was appointed Chairman of the Commission.

It was decided that the Chairman should notify the State Department of any changes made in the personnel of the Commission caused by the termination of the mission of one of the members and the assumption of his place on the Commission by another diplomatic agent. The meeting then adjourned.

R[OBERT] E. O[LDS]

710.1012 Commission/18

The Uruguayan Minister (Varela) to the Secretary of State No. 824

WASHINGTON, December 7, 1928. SIR: With reference to your note of March 2, 1928, I have the honor to inform you that my Government advises me that in accordance with the provisions of Article 3 of the Treaty to avoid or prevent conflicts between the American States, signed on May 3, 1923, at the Fifth International Conference of American States, held in Santiago, Chile, the Permanent Commission having its seat at Montevideo has been established and is composed by the Minister of Mexico, the Minister of Peru and the Minister of Chile. The Minister of Mexico was elected Chairman of the Permanent Commission. I beg you to accept [etc.]

J. VARELA

710.1012 Commission/19

The Secretary of State to the Uruguayan Minister (Varela)

WASHINGTON, December 22, 1928. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of December 7, 1928, by which I am gratified to learn that the Permanent Commission to have its seat at Montevideo, in accordance with the provisions of Article 3 of the Treaty to Avoid or Prevent Conflicts between the American States, signed at Santiago, Chile, on May 3, 1923, has been established.

Thanking you for your transmission of this information, of which due note has been taken, I avail myself [etc.]

For the Secretary of State:

FRANCIS WHITE

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