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ARTICLE 5–MAINTENANCE OF THE PAN AMERICAN UNION
The Governing Board of the Pan American Union shall determine the quota which is to be paid by each of the governments members of the Union for the maintenance of the Pan American Union. But increases in the budget of the Pan American Union exceeding by more than twenty-five per cent the budget of the preceding year shall be approved by the unanimous vote of the Governing Board, the representatives being given time to consult their respective governments. The quota shall be determined on the basis of the latest official statistics of population in possession of the Pan American Union on the first day of July of each year. The budget shall be communicated to the governments members of the Union before the first day of the ensuing calendar year, with an indication of the quota which each country shall pay, such payments to be made before the first of July of that year.
The Governing Board shall elect from among its members a committee charged with examining, on the dates determined by the Board, the accounts of the expenditures of the Union, in conformity with the provisions established by the regulations and the opinion of three experts to be appointed for the purpose.
ARTICLE 6/FUNCTIONS OF THE PAN AMERICAN UNION
Both the Governing Board and the Pan American Union shall discharge the duties assigned by this convention subject to the condition that they shall not exercise functions of a political character.
The functions of the Pan American Union are:
1. To compile and distribute information and reports concerning the commercial, industrial, agricultural, social, and educational development as well as the general progress of the American Republics.
2. To compile and classify information referring to the conventions and treaties concluded among the American Republics and between these and other states, as well as to the legislation of the former.
3. To assist in the development of commercial, industrial, agricultural, social, and cultural relations, the study of the problems of labor and the furtherance of a more intimate mutual acquaintance between the American Republics.
4. To act as a Permanent Commission of the International Conferences of American States; to keep their records and archives; to assist in obtaining ratification of the treaties and conventions; to carry out and facilitate the execution of the resolutions adopted by the International Conferences of American States, within the limits of its powers; and to prepare in agreement with the governments the program of the International Conferences of American States, and submit to the conferences a project of regulations.
5. To perform such other functions entrusted to it by the Conference or by the Governing Board, by virtue of the powers conferred upon it by this convention. Whenever a state believes that its vital interests are involved in a question, or that an obligation may thereby be imposed upon it, such state may require that the resolution of the Board be adopted by unanimous vote.
6. The Governing Board may promote the meeting of international conferences of experts to study problems of a technical character of common interest to the countries members of the Union, and to this end may request the governments to appoint experts to represent them at these conferences, which shall meet at the place and time determined by the Board.
To carry out the purposes for which the institution is organized the Governing Board shall provide for the establishment of such administrative divisions or sections within the Pan American Union may
ARTICLE 7-DEPOSIT AND EXCHANGE OF RATIFICATIONS
The instruments of ratification of the treaties, conventions, protocols, and other diplomatic documents signed at the International Conferences of American States shall be deposited at the Pan American Union by the respective representative on the Governing Board, acting in the name of his government, without need of special credentials for the deposit of the ratification. A record of the deposit of the ratification shall be made in a document signed by the representative on the Board of the ratifying country, by the Director General of the Pan American Union, and by the Secretary of the Governing Board.
The Pan American Union shall communicate to all the states members of the Union, through their representatives on the Board, the deposit of the ratification.
ARTICLE 8-COMMUNICATION OF OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS TO THE PAN
The governments of the countries members of the Union shall transmit to the Pan American Union two copies of the official docu. ments and publications which relate to the purposes of the Union, as far as the internal legislation of the respective countries may permit.
ARTICLE — COOPERATION BETWEEN OFFICIAL PAN AMERICAN
For the purpose of coordinating the results of the work of other official Pan American organizations, and of establishing relations of close cooperation between them, the program of work and the development of their activities shall, as far as possible, be the subject of agreement between their directive bodies and the Governing Board of the Pan American Union.
The governments members of the Union which may not have an efficient organ for the study and investigation of Pan American affairs, shall establish a committee composed of persons of experience in such matters, or an office attached to the ministry of foreign affairs entrusted with Pan American affairs.
These committees or offices shall have the following duties:
a) To cooperate with their respective governments to obtain ratification of treaties and conventions, and to the carrying out of the agreements adopted by the International Conferences of American States;
8) To furnish the Pan American Union promptly with the information it may need in the preparation of its work;
c) To present to the Union through the proper channels such projects as they may consider useful to the purposes of the Union.
The Governing Board of the Pan American Union shall prepare the regulations and fix the status of the members of the staff, determining their salaries and conditions of retirement.
All correspondence and matter transmitted through the mails to the Pan American Union, which bears the frank used by the Union, and all correspondence or matter transmitted by the Pan American Union, shall be carried free of charge by the mails of the American Republics.
The contracting states may withdraw from the Pan American Union at any time, but shall pay their respective quotas for the period of the current fiscal year.
This convention can not be modified except in the same manner in which it was adopted.
The present convention shall be ratified by the signatory states, and is open to the signature and ratification of the states represented at the Conference that may not have been able to sign.
The President of the Conference, through the Government of the Republic of Cuba, shall send to the governments represented at the Conference an authenticated copy of the present project of convention in order that, if the governments approve, it may receive their adhesion. For this purpose, the governments that adhere to the convention shall authorize their respective diplomatic or special representatives in the city of Habana to sign the convention. All the states having signed, the convention shall be submitted by each government for ratification.
The present convention shall become effective when all the states represented at the Conference receive notice that all the ratifications have been deposited with the Pan American Union, and that the adhesions and ratifications of the twenty-one American Republics have been received.
In witness whereof, the delegates sign and affix their seals to the present convention.
Perú: JESÚS M. SALAZAR, VÍCTOR M. MAÚRTUA, Luis ERNESTO DENEGRI, E. CASTRO OYANGUREN.
Uruguay: VARELA, PEDRO ERASMO CALLORDA.
Mexico: JULIO GARCÍA, FERNANDO GONZÁLES Roa, SALVATOR URBINA, AQUILES ELORDUY.
Salvador: J. GUSTAVO GUERRERO, HÉCTOR DAVID CASTRO, ED. AL
Guatemala: CARLOS SALAZAR, B. ALVARADO, LUIS BELTRANENA, J. AZURDIA.
Nicaragua: CARLOS CUADRA Pazos, Máximo H. ZEPEDA, JOAQUÍN GÓMEZ.
Bolivia: José ANTEZANA, A. Costa du R.
Venezuela: SANTIAGO KEY AYALA, FRANCISCO G. YANES, RAFAEL ANGEL ARRAIZ.
Colombia: ENRIQUE OLAYA HERRERA, R. GUTIÉRREZ LEE, J. M. YEPES.
Honduras: F. DÁVILA, MARIANO VÁZQUEZ.
Costa Rica: RICARDO CASTRO BEECHE, J. RAFAEL OREAMUNO, A. Tinoco JIMÉNEZ.
Chile: ALEJANDRO LIRA, ALEJANDRO ALVAREZ, C. Silva VILDÓSOLA, MANUEL BIANCHI.
Brazil: Raúl FERNANDES, LINDOLFO COLLOR.
DECLARATION OF THE DELEGATION OF ARGENTINA
The Argentine delegation declares, pursuant to express instructions of its Government, that it approves and will sign the project of convention; but that it now wishes to formulate the reservation that it regrets that the economic principles which it upheld in the committee have not been included in this convention.
Argentina: LAURENTINO OLASCOAGA, FELIPE A. ESPIL, CARLOS ALBERTO ALCORTA.
Paraguay: LISANDRO Días LEÓN, JUAN VICENTE RAMÍREZ.
Dominican Republic: Fraco. J. PEYNADO, Tulio M. CESTERO, JACINTO R. DE CASTRO, ELÍAS BRACHE, R. PÉREZ ALFONSECA.
United States of America: CHARLES Evans HUGHES, NOBLE BRANDON JUDAH, HENRY P. FLETCHER, OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD, MORGAN J. O'BRIEN, JAMES BROWN SCOTT, RAY LYMAN WILBUR, LEO S. RowE.
Cuba: ANTONIO S. DE BUSTAMANTE, ORESTES FERRARA, E. HERNÁNDEZ, CARTAYA, ARÍSTIDES DE AGÜERO BETHENCOURT, M. MÁRQUEZ STERLING, NÉSTOR CARBONELL.
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF AMERICAN STATES ON CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION, HELD AT WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 10, 1928, TO JANUARY 5, 1929; PRELIMINARY ARRANGEMENTS
The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Brazil (Morgan) 66 No. 1364
WASHINGTON, April 14, 1928. Sir: On February 18, 1928, the republics represented at the Sixth International Conference of American States at Habana, Cuba, 67 passed a resolution, a copy of which is enclosed, 88 declaring in favor of obligatory arbitration for the pacific settlement of international differences of a juridical nature. They also resolved to meet in Washington within the period of one year in a conference of conciliation and arbitration to draw up a convention for the realization of this principle with the minimum exceptions which they consider indispensable to safeguard the independence and sovereignty of states, as well as domestic questions, and also including matters relating to the interest or referring to the action of a state not a party to the convention.
The United States Government will be pleased to invite the other Governments of the Pan American Union to send delegates to such a conference. It is suggested that the conference be called to meet in Washington on December 10, 1928. This date will give ample time for the various countries to formulate their plans and prepare for the conference. The resolution further provides that each of the countries shall be represented at the conference by plenipotentiary jurisconsults with instructions regarding the maximum and the minimum which the nations they represent would accept with regard
For the proceedings of the Conference, see Proceedings of the International Conference of American States on Conciliation and Arbitration, Held at Washington, December 10, 1928-January 5, 1929 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1929).
The same, mutatis mutandis, on the same date, to the chiefs of missions in Chile (No. 834), Cuba (No. 125), Haiti (No. 818), Mexico (No. 252), Paraguay (No. 417), Uruguay (No. 129), and Venezuela (No. 1237).
See pp. 527 ff.
For text of resolution, see circular telegram, June 19, to the chiefs of diplomatic missions in Latin America, p. 637.