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(2) In territories in which compulsory or forced labour for other than public purposes still survives, the High Contracting Parties shall endeavour progressively and as soon as possible to put an end to the practice. So long as such forced or compulsory labour exists, this labour shall invariably be of an exceptional character, shall always receive adequate remuneration, and shall not involve the removal of the labourers from their usual place of residence.

(3) In all cases, the responsibility for any recourse to compulsory or forced labour shall rest with the competent central authorities of the territory concerned.

ARTICLE 6

Those of the High Contracting Parties whose laws do not at present make adequate provision for the punishment of infractions of laws and regulations enacted with a view to giving effect to the purposes of the present Convention undertake to adopt the necessary measures in order that severe penalties may be imposed in respect of such infractions.

ARTICLE 7

The High Contracting Parties undertake to Communicate to each other and to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations any laws and regulations which they may enact with a view to the application of the provisions of the present Convention.

ARTICLE 8

The High Contracting Parties agree that disputes arising between them relating to the interpretation or application of this Convention shall, if they cannot be settled by direct negotiation, be referred for decision to the Permanent Court of International Justice. In case either or both of the States Parties to such a dispute should not be parties to the Protocol of December 16th, 1920, relating to the Permanent Court of International Justice, the dispute shall be referred, at the choice of the Parties and in accordance with the constitutional procedure of each State, either to the Permanent Court of International Justice or to a court of arbitration constituted in accordance with the Convention of October 18th, 1907, for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, or to some other court of arbitration.

ARTICLE 9

At the time of signature or of ratification or of accession, any High Contracting Party may declare that its acceptance of the present Convention does not bind some or all of the territories placed under its sovereignty, jurisdiction, protection, suzerainty or tutelage in respect of all or any provisions of the Convention; it may subsequently accede separately on behalf of any one of them or in respect of any provision to which any one of them is not a party.

ARTICLE 10

In the event of a High Contracting Party wishing to denounce the present Convention, the denunciation shall be notified in writing to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, who will at once communicate a certified true copy of the notification to all the other High Contracting Parties, informing them of the date on which it was received.

The denunciation shall only have effect in regard to the notifying State, and one year after the notification has reached the SecretaryGeneral of the League of Nations.

Denunciation may also be made separately in respect of any territory placed under its sovereignty, jurisdiction, protection, suzerainty or tutelage.

ARTICLE 11

The present Convention, which will bear this day's date and of which the French and English texts are both authentic, will remain open for signature by the States Members of the League of Nations until April 1st, 1927.

The Secretary-General of the League of Nations will subsequently bring the present Convention to the notice of States which have not signed it, including States which are not Members of the League of Nations, and invite them to accede thereto.

A State desiring to accede to the Convention shall notify its intention in writing to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations and transmit to him the instrument of accession, which shall be deposited in the archives of the League.

The Secretary-General shall immediately transmit to all the other High Contracting Parties a certified true copy of the notification and of the instrument of accession, informing them of the date on which he received them.

ARTICLE 12

The present Convention will be ratified and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited in the office of the Secretary-General of the League of Nations. The Secretary-General will inform all the High Contracting Parties of such deposit.

The Convention will come into operation for each State on the date of the deposit of its ratification or of its accession.

In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention.

DonE at Geneva the twenty-fifth day of September, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-six, in one copy, which will be deposited in the archives of the League of Nations. A certified copy shall be forwarded to each signatory State. D. DINO

Albania
Dr. CARL VON SCHUBERT

Germany
EMERICH PFLÜGL

Austria
L. DE BROUCKÈRE

Belgium

British Empire
I declare that my signature does not bind India
or any British Dominion which is a separate mem-
ber of the League of Nations and does not separately
sign or accede to the Convention.

CECIL
GEORGE EULAS FOSTER

Canada
J. G. LATHAM

Australia
J. S. SMIT

Union of

South Africa * J. C. PARR

New Zealand

India Under the terms of Article 9 of this Convention I declare that my signature is not binding as regards the enforcement of the provisions of Article 2, subsection (6), Articles 5, 6 and 7 of this Convention upon the following territories; namely, in Burma: the Naga tracts lying West and South of the Hukawng Valley, bounded on the North and West by the Assam boundary, on the East by the Nanphuk River and on the South by the Singaling Hkamti and the Somra Tracts; in Assam, the Sadiya and Balipara Frontier Tracts, the tribal area to the East of the Naga Hills District, up to the Burma boundary, and a small tract in the South of the Lushai Hills district; nor on the territories in India of any Prince or Chief under the suzerainty of His Majesty.

I also declare that my signature to the Convention is not binding in respect of Article 3 in so far as that Article may require India to enter into any Convention whereby vessels, by reason of the fact that they are owned, fitted out or commanded by Indians, or of the fact that one half of the crew is Indian, are classified as native vessels, or are denied any privilege, right or immunity enjoyed by similar vessels of other States Signatories of the Covenant or are made subject to any liability or disability to which similar ships of such other States are not subject.

W. H. VINCENT

*This signature applies to South-West Africa.

(Footnote in the original.)

D. MIKOFF
CHAO-HSIN CHU
FRANCISCO JOSÉ URRUTIA
ARISTIDES DE AGUERO BETHANCOURT
HERLUF ZAHLE

Bulgaria
China
Colombia
Cuba
Denmark

Spain
For Spain and the Spanish Colonies, with the ex-
ception of the Spanish Protectorate of Morocco
MAURICIO LOPEZ ROBERTS

MARQUIS DE LA TORREHERMOSA

Estonia
Abyssinia

J. LAIDONER
GUETATCHOU
MAKONNEN
KENTIBA GEBROU
ATO TASFAE
RAFAEL ERICH
B. CLAUZEL
D. CACLAMANOS
V. DENDRAMIS
VITTORIO SCIALOJA
CHARLES DUZMANS

Finland
France
Greece

Italy
Latvia

Liberia
Subject to ratification by the Liberian Senate

Bon R. LEHMANN

VENCESLAS SIDZIKAUSKAS
FRIDTJOF NANSEN
EUSEBIO A. MORALES
W. F. VAN LENNEP

Lithuania
Norway
Panama
Netherlands

Persia
Ad referendwm and interpreting Article 3 as
without power to compel Persia to bind herself by
any arrangement or convention which would place
her ships of whatever tonnage in the category of
native vessels provided for by the Convention on the
Trade in Arms 54

PRINCE ARFA
AUGUSTE ZALESKI

Poland
AUGUSTO DE VASCONCELLOS

Portugal
N. TITULESCO

Roumania
M. JOVANOVITCH

Kingdom of the

Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

** Translation made by the Secretariat of the League of Nations.

EINAR HENNINGS
FERDINAND VEVERKA
B. FERNANDEZ Y MEDINA

Sweden
Czechoslovakia
Uruguay

[On February 25, 1929, adherence to the above convention by the United States was advised by the Senate, subject to the following reservation :

“That the Government of the United States, adhering to its policy of opposition to forced or compulsory labor except as a punishment for crime of which the person concerned has been duly convicted, adheres to the Convention except as to the first subdivision of the second paragraph of article five, which reads as follows:

“'(1) Subject to the transitional provisions laid down in paragraph (2) below, compulsory or forced labor may only be exacted for public purposes.' "]

RATIFICATION BY THE UNITED STATES OF THE CONVENTION RELAT. ING TO THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC IN AFRICA, SIGNED AT SAINT GERMAIN-EN-LAYE, SEPTEMBER 10, 1919

511.4 C 1/31a

The Secretary of State to President Coolidge

THE PRESIDENT: The undersigned, the Secretary of State, has the honor to lay before the President with a view to its transmission to the Senate to receive the advice and consent of that body to ratification, if his judgment approve thereof, a certified copy of the Convention Relating to the Liquor Traffic in Africa which was signed at Saint Germain-en-Laye on September 10, 1919 on behalf of the United States, Belgium, the British Empire, France, Italy, Japan and Portugal. This Convention has been ratified by all the signatory powers with the exception of the United States and Italy.

The purpose of the Convention is to continue the struggle against the dangers of alcoholism to African natives through the prohibition of the importation of trade spirits and of beverages injurious to health into the territories in Africa under the control of the Contracting Parties, excepting Algiers, Tunis, Morocco, Libya, Egypt and the Union of South Africa and into islands lying within 100 nautical miles of the coast; by the imposition of heavy duties on the importation of other distilled beverages into those territories; and by the prohibition of the manufacture of distilled beverages in the same regions and of the importation and possession of distilling apparatus. Certain exceptions are made in regard to pharmaceutical alcohols required for medical, surgical or pharmaceutical establishments and for distilling apparatus for similar uses.

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