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Afghanistan (November 30, 1928) Lithuania (April 5, 1929)
Albania (February 12, 1929) Netherlands (July 12, 1929)
Austria (December 31, 1928) Nicaragua (May 13, 1929)
Bulgaria (July 22, 1929)

Norway (March 26, 1929)
China (May 8, 1929)

Panama (February 25, 1929) Cuba (March 13, 1929)

Peru (July 23, 1929) Denmark (March 23, 1929) Portugal (March 1, 1929) Dominican Republic (December Rumania (March 21, 1929) 12, 1928)

Serbs, Croats

and Slovenes, Egypt (May 9, 1929)

Kingdom of the, (February Estonia (April 26, 1929)

20, 1929) Ethiopia (November 28, 1928) Siam (January 16, 1929) Finland (July 24, 1929)

Spain (March 7, 1929) Guatemala (July 16, 1929) Sweden (April 12, 1929) Hungary (July 22, 1929) Turkey (July 8, 1929). Iceland (June 10, 1929)

Union of Soviet Socialist RepubLatvia (July 23, 1929)

lics (September 27, 1928) Liberia (February 23, 1929)

The treaty went into effect for the following States upon date of deposit at the Department of State of duly ratified instruments of adherence: Brazil, May 10, 1934

Honduras, August 5, 1929 Chile, August 12, 1929

Iraq, March 23, 1932 (invitation Colombia, May 28, 1931

to adhere issued after recogniCosta Rica, October 1, 1929

tion of the Iraqi Government in Danzig, Free City of, September

1931)
11, 1929 (transmitted by the Luxemburg, August 24, 1929
Polish Government on behalf of Mexico, November 26, 1929
Danzig)

Paraguay, December 4, 1929
Ecuador, February 24, 1932 Persia, July 25, 1929
Greece, August 3, 1929

Switzerland, December 2, 1929 Haiti, March 10, 1930

Venezuela, October 24, 1929 Hedjaz_and Nejd, Kingdom of

the, February 24, 1932 (invitation to adhere issued after recognition of the Hejazi Government in 1931)

Instruments of adherence were not deposited by the following States: Argentina, Bolivia, El Salvador, and Uruguay.]

[graphic]

711.0012Anti-War/346 : Telegram

President Doumergue to President Coolidge

[Translation]

PARIS, August 27, 1928–2:02 p. m.23 I very sincerely thank Your Excellency for your kindly sending me, and through me the representatives of the nations assembled in Paris, a message which evinces the great importance you so rightly attach to the solemn signing of the general compact renouncing war as an instrument of national policy. The fact that the ceremony is on this day celebrated in Paris comes from a desire which you put in a peculiarly nice form that of acknowledging the initial part taken by the French Government and its Minister for Foreign Affairs in bringing about the great project, the French nation is thankful for and proud of the honor bestowed upon it in the reception of the foreign plenipotentiaries can not forget that thanks are due to the skilful and conciliatory efforts of the President and of the Secretary of State of the United States for the manner in which the covenant was received by the leading nations of the world which befitted the trait of universality that makes its power and greatness. I therefore feel sure that I am voicing the sentiments of the original signatories of the treaty as well as those of the still larger number who will adhere anon, when I express to Your Excellency and your Government the thanks of the civilized world. I am, as you are, convinced that the act accomplished on this day responds to the innermost longings of all mankind.

* Received in the Department Aug. 27, 1928; hour of receipt unknown.

GASTON DOUMERGUE

711.0012Anti-War/336 : Telegram The Ambassador in France (Herrick) to the Acting Secretary of

State 24

Paris, August 27, 1928–3 p. m.

[Received August 27–12:12 p. m.] 265. The Secretary asks that the following message from him be sent at once to all missions to which the circular telegram of August 16, 11 p. m., was sent direct by the Department. Missions reached via Paris are being instructed from here:

"Anti-war treaty signed this afternoon. Please deliver as soon as possible the note transmitted in the Department's circular telegram of August 16, 11 p. m., dating the note today August 27, 1928. Do not fail to transmit French text of the treaty at the same time. Frank B. Kellogg, Secretary of State.”

HERRICK

Notifications of Adherence 711.2312Anti-War/6 The Peruvian Ambassador (Velarde) to the Secretary of State

WASHINGTON, August 27, 1928. SIR: The position taken by that [the] Department, in having initiated the celebration of a multilateral treaty for the renouncing of

Repeated by the Department to the missions concerned, Aug. 27, 1 p. m.

war in the world, signed to-day in Paris by the nations which have accepted it thus marking a glorious stage in the history of humanity, will be, for all time, a legitimate source of pride to the great nation of the United States of America.

In fulfillment of the express instructions of the President, Mr. Augusto B. Leguia, and of his Government, I hasten to express to Your Excellency that Peru formally, and with sincere enthusiasm, adheres to the anti-war pact above-mentioned and that as soon as a certified copy thereof shall have been received, it will be submitted to the cognizance of the National Congress for ratification.

Peru, who has ever been a partizan of cordiality and peace in international relations and who aspires, therein, to nothing more than to the predominance and triumph of justice cannot remain indifferent to the position taken which the signing of the pact above referred to implies for the progress of mankind.

I would therefore request Your Excellency to be so good as to consider Peru and its Government as adhering to the transcendental treaty in question. Accept [etc.]

HERNÁN VELARDE

711.8212Anti-War/7

The Minister in Liberia (Francis) to the Secretary of State

No. 114 Diplomatic

MONROVIA, August 27, 1928.

[Received September 21.] Sir: I have the honor to confirm this Mission's cable No. 31, August 25, 10 A. M.25 and to acknowledge receipt of Department's circular cable of August 16, 11 P. M.,28 via the Embassy at Paris, August 19, containing information concerning the signing of the Multilateral Treaty for the Renunciation of War to take effect on Monday, August 27, 1928, at Paris, with instructions covering the entire matter. And further to acknowledge receipt of Department's cable of August 21, 4 [57] P. M.,25 via the Embassy at Paris, containing in the French language the text of the Treaty, with instructions that the treaty in the French text be delivered to the Foreign Office of the Republic of Liberia simultaneously with the Note containing the English text.

As requested the Secretary of State of the Republic of Liberia was, on the morning of the 23rd day of August, informally advised in accordance with instructions; and on this day, Monday, August 27, 1928, the original Note, together with the text of the Treaty in French, was formally delivered to His Excellency the Secretary of State of the Republic of Liberia, and he was informed that the French text was delivered at the request of the French Government and that an identic Note, mutatis mutandis, is being delivered simultaneously in the other world capitals, and that pursuant to the procedure which has been followed through the present negotiations the text thereof is being promptly released for publication.

* Not printed. Ante, p. 149.

His Excellency expressed the pleasure of his Government over the consummation of such an important undertaking and delivered to me, for transmission to my Government in accordance with Article III of the Multilateral Treaty, formal notice of the adherence of the Government of the Republic of Liberia to the treaty.

Inasmuch as there are no daily or weekly publications in Monrovia, an invitation was extended to the representatives of the monthly publications to attend a conference at the Legation at 4 P. M., August 23, at which time the importance of the event was impressed upon them and a memorandum covering the signing of the Multilateral Treaty was handed to each of them to be released for publication, as far as their limited space will permit, in the issue immediately following the 28th of August.

This Legation awaits the arrival of the pamphlets containing the Briand proposal and the correspondence ending with the Note of July 20, 1928, when it will make a copy immediately available to the Foreign Office.

I have the further honor to enclose copy of the Note to the Foreign Office of the Republic of Liberia; original adherence to the treaty by the Republic of Liberia, copy of the text of the treaty in French; copy of the invitation to the representatives of the press and copy of the memorandum delivered to the representatives of the press at the press conference.27 I have [etc.]

W. T. FRANCIS

[Enclosure)

The Liberian Secretary of State (Barclay) to the American

Minister (Francis)

692/D

MONROVIA, August 27, 1928. MR. MINISTER : Having followed with interest and sympathy the negotiations entered upon by the United States and certain other Powers with a view to the conclusion of a treaty binding them to renounce war as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another, the Government of the Republic of Liberia have learned with satisfaction that such a treaty has eventually been concluded and that it was signed today at Paris by the original parties thereto.

2. My Government being deeply interested in the aim sought to be achieved by the treaty are desirous of identifying themselves with

The enclosures listed in this paragraph are not printed.

the beneficent purposes of the signatory powers. To that end, therefore, they are availing themselves of the provisions of Article III of the Treaty, and have instructed me to give formal notice of the adherence of the Government of the Republic of Liberia to the treaty for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy, signed at Paris August 27, 1928.

3. Acting upon these instructions, I have the honour formally to notify you of the adherence of my Government to the treaty above referred to, and to solicit your good offices in facilitating the deposit of this instrument of adherence at Washington. With sentiments of distinguished consideration, I have [etc.]

EDWIN BARCLAY

711.5712Anti-War/243

The Norwegian Legation to the Department of State

MEMORANDUM

The Chargé d'Affaires of Norway has been instructed by his Government to inform the Department of State that on August 27, 1928, it gave Mr. Swenson, the United States Minister to Norway, the following reply to his enquiry regarding the Kellogg Treaty: It is the opinion of the Norwegian Government that the Treaty is an important step towards the advancement of peace and justice between nations and the Norwegian Government consequently approves of the Treaty. In accordance with this viewpoint the Norwegian Government will, as soon as possible, submit to the Storting a Royal proposition in regard to the adherence of the Kingdom of Norway to the Kellogg Treaty to renounce War.

WASHINGTON, August 28, 1928.

711.3212Anti-War/12

The Ambassador in Brazil (Morgan) to the Secretary of State

No. 3052

RIO DE JANEIRO, August 29, 1928.

[Received September 12.] SR: I have the honor to report that the Department's telegram of August 27,1 P. M.28 was not delivered by the telegraph company at this office until after 7 o'clock on the evening of that day, and that since the Foreign Office was closed for business before that hour it was impossible to hand to the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Dr. Octavio Mangabeira, until half past eleven on the morning of August 28, the copy of the note the text of which was contained in the

See footnote 24, p. 158.

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