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BRAZIL

REFUSAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE TO DISAPPROVE LOAN TO STATE OF SÃO

Paulo BECAUSE OF CLAIM OF AMERICAN FIRM AGAINST STATE

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Subject

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1928 Mar. 29 To the Consul at São Paulo (tel.)

Request by Baker, Kellogg & Co. and Ulen & Co. that the Department use its informal good offices to endeavor to induce State of São Paulo to deliver an issue of vicinal bonds to the Itararé-Fartura Railroad which were assigned by the railroad to the American interests as security for a loan; instructions to discuss matter informally with the appropriate authorities, expressing hope that a mutually satisfactory solution may be

reached in the near future. Apr. 2

From the Consul at São Faulo (tel.)

Information from the State Secretary of Fazenda that the bonds have not been issued because the State has been judicially notified by another creditor that bonds should be delivered to him, and that the matter is now being studied by State's

legal adviser.
May 3 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
(15) Intention of the American interests, if State will not agree to

make a satisfactory settlement, to bring influence to bear on
bankers' associations both in the United States and in Europe
to prevent flotation of future loans by the State, on the ground
that it does not live up to its financial obligations; instructions
to express to Brazilian President the hope that for the best
interests of all a satisfactory settlement may be reached, but
to be careful not to appear to be making any threats on behalf

of the bankers. June 19 From Speyer & Co.

Hope that the Department will have no objection to a proposed flotation in the United States of an international loan

to the State of São Paulo. June 21 To Speyer & Co.

Nonobjection to proposed loan.
June 23 From the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
(26) Difficulty of securing information for American interests in

regard to the Itararé-Fartura Railway matter because of the
antagonism which their peremptory methods have developed
among members of the São Paulo Government; information
that illness of the President has prevented conferences with

him.
June 29 To the Ambassador in Brazil (tel.)
(23) Belief that as soon as the President's health permits the

Ambassador should take action suggested in Department's

telegram No. 15 of May 3. July 10 From Speyer & Co.

Information that American portion of the loan has been

reduced from $25,000,000 to $15,000,000.
July 17 From Field, Glore & Co., International Acceptance Bank, Baker,

Kellogg & Co., and Ulen & Company
Inquiry whether the Department would give its approval to
the reported new loan to State of São Paulo when the borrower
is known to be in default.

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1025 BRAZIL

REFUSAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE TO DISAPPROVE LOAN TO STATE OF SÃO

PAULO BECAUSE OF CLAIM OF AMERICAN FIRM AGAINST STATE_Continued

Date and number

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1928 July 20 (3039)

1026

From the Ambassador in Brazil

Willingness of Brazilian President to endeavor to interest
President of São Paulo in affording some assistance to the
American groups concerned with the Itararé-Fartura Railway;
Ambassador's inability to prophesy how successful the repre-
sentations may be, in view of the threat contained in bankers'
telegram of March 1 (excerpt printed).
To Field, Glore & Co., International Acceptance Bank, Baker,

Kellogg & Co., and Clen & Company
Inability to establish any connection between bankers'
grievance against the State of São Paulo and the flotation of
a loan of that State.

July 28

1027

ASSISTANCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE IN PROTECTING PATENT RIGHTS OF

THE SYMINGTON COMPANY IN BRAZIL FROM INFRINGEMENT BY BELGIAN FIRM

1928 Feb. 29

(92)

1028

1029

Mar. 9 (1342)

From the Chargé in Belgium

Information that the Symington Co. alleges that the Société
Anonyme des Ateliers de Construction de Familleureux is in-
fringing their patents on railway equipment in connection with
order for Brazilian railroads. Opinion that the action of the
Belgian firm contravenes the convention for the protection of
industrial property of June 2, 1911, to which the United States
and Belgium are parties. Instructions to inquire of Foreign
Office whether it will not be possible for Belgian authorities
to take action with a view to preventing violation of treaty
rights of U. S. citizens.
To the Ambassador in Brazil

Information similar to that telegraphed on February 29 to
the Chargé in Belgium. Instructions to bring the matter ur-
gently to the attention of the Foreign Office, with the request
that the shipment in question be prevented from entering
Brazil until the Symington rights under the laws of Brazil and
the patent convention of 1910 have been recognized and due
compensation paid them by the infringers of the patents.
From the General Counsel of The Symington Company

Advice that the Belgian company has recognized the validity of the Brazilian patents owned by the Symington Company and has agreed to pay royalties; expression of appreciation for the Department's

assistance.
From the Ambassador in Brazil

Satisfactory settlement of the Symington difficulties; ex-
pression of appreciation by the company's representatives in
Rio de Janeiro for the assistance rendered by the commercial
attaché.
To the Ambassador in Brazil

Receipt of letter from the General Counsel of the Symington
Company dated March 22, stating that matter has been satis-
factorily settled. Instructions to take no further action in
the matter.

(Sent also, mutatis mutandis, on the same date to the Ambassador in Belgium.)

Mar. 22

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Mar. 24 (2978)

Apr. 5 (1355)

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BRAZIL

ASSISTANCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE IN PROTECTING PATENT RightS OF THE SYMINGTON COMPANY IN BRAZIL FROM INFRINGEMENT BY BELGIAN FIRM Continued

Date and number

Subject

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1928 Apr. 23 (234)

1032

From the Ambassador in Belgium

Foreign Office note of April 20 (text printed) replying to Embassy's note sent in accordance with instruction No. 92 of February 29, in which Belgian Government advises that the matter is one of private law rather than violation of the international convention, and states that it could only interpose its good offices in order to obtain eventually a friendly settlement.

BULGARIA

DISINCLINATION OF THE UNITED STATES TO PARTICIPATE IN AGREEMENT REGARD

ING APPORTIONMENT OF BULGARIAN REPARATION PAYMENTS

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1928
May 21 From the Greek Minister
(841) Request that the powers signatory to the agreement of

January 14, 1925, regarding distribution of the Dawes an-
nuities, take steps to effect a new apportionment of Bulgarian
payments; reservation of right to request that the Greek share

be increased
June 12 To the Greek Minister

Information that the formal relationship of the U. S. Gov

ernment to the proposed action is receiving consideration. June 28 From the Ambassador in France

Concurrence in Department's opinion that U. S. Government would not wish to sign any new distribution agreement because the United States does not participate in Bulgarian

payments.
July 11 From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
(187) Information that protocol has been prepared by British,

French, and Italian representatives granting to Greece a
special advance from the Bulgarian blocked payments; request
for authorization to advise General Secretary that the United
States does not feel called upon to sign a protocol drawn up

following the proposed discussions. July 12 To the Ambassador in France (tel.)

(211) Authorization as requested in telegram No. 187 of July 11.

1038

1038

GENERAL

TREATY FOR THE RENUNCIATION OF WAR AS AN INSTRUMENT OF

NATIONAL POLICY, SIGNED AT PARIS, AUGUST 27, 1928

1

Negotiation of the Treaty

0115112 France/109

The French Ambassador (Claudel) to the Secretary of State

[Translation)

WASHINGTON, January 6, 1928. MR. SECRETARY OF STATE: In reply to the letter which Your Excellency kindly addressed to me on the 28th of December last, I have the honor to inform you that M. Briand, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic, has authorized me to transmit to you the attached letter. Please accept [etc.]

CLAUDEL

(Enclosure---Translation]

The French Ambassador (Claudel) to the Secretary of State

WASHINGTON, January 5, 1928. Me. SECRETARY OF STATE: By a letter of December 28th last your Excellency was kind enough to make known the sentiments of the Government of the United States concerning the suggestion of a treaty proposed by the Government of the Republic in the month of June 1927,3 with a view to the condemnation of war and the renunciation thereof as an instrument of national policy between France and the United States.

According to your Excellency, the two governments, instead of limiting themselves to a bilateral treaty, would contribute more fully to the peace of the world by uniting their efforts to obtain the

For previous correspondence, see Foreign Relations, 1927, vol. II, pp. 611 ff. See als) Department of State Publication No. 468, Treaty for the Renunciation of War: Tert of the Treaty, Notes Exchanged, Instruments of Ratification end of Adherence, and Other Papers (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1933). * Foreign Relations, 1927, vol. II, p. 626.

See telegram No. 260, June 22, 1927, 11 a. m., from the Chargé in France, ibid., p. 615.

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