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QUARTERLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
ARTS AND SCIENCES.
A Map of the Heavens, delineating the Heavenly Bodies on a Plain Sphere, &c. Utica, N. Y.
Meteorological Register for the Years 1822, 1823, 1824, and 1825, from Observations made by the Surgeons of the Army at the Military Posts of the United States. Prepared under the Direction of Joseph Lovell, M. D. Surgeon General of the United States Army. Washington. Edward De Krafft. 8vo. pp. 63.
American Natural History, Vol. I. Part 1; containing Twentytwo finely engraved Copperplates. By John D. Godman, M. D. Philadelphia. H. C. Carey & I. Lea.
American Journal of Science and Arts. Conducted by Benjamin Silliman. Vol. XI. No. 2, for October, 1826.
The present number completes eleven volumes of this Journal, and all the friends of scientific improvement among us must regret to find, by a circular from the editor accompanying this number, that so slender and inadequate encouragement is afforded to the work. As a production of such national interest, and embracing as it does the results of the labors of our most eminent men of science, it demands a patronage as universal as its objects and utility. The editor's remarks, in describing the influence of this Journal, set the subject in so strong a light, that we shall quote them.
'Perhaps the editor,' says he, (since he is much more the organ of his correspondents, than his own) may be pardoned for quoting, on this occasion, the opinion of eminent men at home, with the expression of which he has often been gratified; that the American Journal has contributed to elevate the reputation of our country abroad; that it has become identified with the interests and progress of science and the arts, throughout the civilized world; and that it forms an important member of the great intellectual machinery of the age. In exchange, it receives a large number of the principal foreign Journals, and their pages often contain matter derived from the American Journal. Its character, as an authentic record of original American communications and discoveries, has caused it to be sought abroad with peculiar interest, and to be received with uncommon favor. In proof of this, it may be stated, that, among the learned associations and eminent men in Europe, who have addressed kind and commendatory letters to the editor, or have transmitted their works or Journals in acknowledgment or in exchange, are; in Sicily, Professor Ferrara; in Geneva, the late Professor Pictet; in Bavaria, the Chevalier De Martius; in Halle, Germany, Drs Schweigger and Meinecke, besides other German Professors; in Sweden, Professors Berzelius and Sefstroem; in France, Brogniart, father and son, Dr Majendie, Brochant, GayLussac; Julien, Editor of the Revue Encyclopédique; Baron Ferussac, Editor of the Bulletin des Sciences; the Council of Mines; the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts; that for the promotion of National Industry; the Linnæan Society, &c. In London, the late Dr Tilloch, and the late Mr Parkes; Arthur
Aikin, Secretary of the Society of Arts, &c.; H. Heuland, Secretary of the Geological Society; the Editors of the Annals of Philosophy; of the Philosophical Magazine; of the Journal of Science of the Royal Institution; of the Mechanic's Oracle; the Mechanic's Magazine, and several literary Journals. In the university of Oxford, Professors Kidd. Buckland, and Conybeare, with Mr Philips, the distinguished coadjutor of the latter. In Edinburgh, Professor Jamieson, Dr Brewster, and the late Dr John Murray; and in Glasgow, Professor Thomson. At home, the American Journal is considered as an equivalent, in exchange, for our various literary and scientific publications; it enjoys the support and countenance of a great number of our able scientific, and public men, and its pages sufficiently evince how far it has proved auxiliary to the developement of native talent, and to the creation of useful effort in science and the arts.
'It remains, however, for the editor to state, that to this hour, the existence of the American Journal, now in its ninth year, is perpetuated only by continued personal sacrifices.'
This is a very discouraging picture for an editor to contemplate. He adds, moreover, that five hundred subscribers are necessary simply to pay the expenses of the work; and that the present number, being somewhat under that amount, pecuniary advances have continued to be occasionally necessary, in addition to the editorial labor and responsibility.' This exposition should stir up the men of science in the country, not merely to contribute their share to the materials of the work, but to take a lively interest in extending its circulation. The scientific character of this Journal necessarily gives it a less popular air, than one having a greater latitude of topics and discussion, and it must look for encouragement exclusively to that portion of the community, who can estimate the importance of scientific progress, and of drawing out the talents of the country to act upon subjects intimately connected with the useful arts, and the means of social enjoyment. To men of science, then, the editor may appeal with earnestness and confidence, and we hope not in vain. A little individual exertion on their part, would not fail to procure a liberal subscription, and give a new and permanent impulse to a work, calculated to be so honorable and useful to the country.
A Compendium of the Flora of the Northern and Middle States, containing Generic and Specific Descriptions of all the Plants, exclusive of Cryptogamia, hitherto found in the United States, North of the Potomac. By John Torrey, M. D.
Memoirs of Ministers and other deceased Members of the Society of Friends, in the State of New York.
The Juvenile Miscellany. For the Instruction and Amusement of Youth. Vol. I. Nos. 1 and 2. Boston. J. Putnam. 18mo. pp. 107. Simple Truths in Verse, for the Amusement and Instruction of Children at an Early Age. By Mary Belson. New York. S. Wood & Son. 18mo. pp. 108.
The Grecian History, from the Earliest State to the Death of Alexander the Great. By Dr Goldsmith. Revised and corrected, and a Vocabulary of Proper Names appended, &c. by William Grimshaw. Philadelphia. J. Grigg. 12mo. pp. 322.
An Abridgment of Milner's Church History, for the Use of Schools and Private Families. By Rebecca Eaton. Second Edition. Charleston, S. C. William Riley. 12mo. pp. 324.
Tyro's Friend; consisting chiefly of easy Lessons in Spelling and Reading; designed for Children from Three to Eight Years of Age. Brookfield. E. & G. Merriam.
Rudiments of Geography, on a New Plan, designed to assist the Memory by Comparisons and Classifications. By William C. Woodbridge. New Edition. Hartford. O. D. Cooke & Co. 18mo. pp. 208. A Key to the last New York Edition of Bonnycastle's Algebra; containing correct Solutions to all the Questions. By James Ryan. New York. Collins & Hannay. 18mo. pp. 261.
The Practical Analyst, or a Treatise on Algebra; designed for the Use of Schools. By Enoch Lewis.
Rudimental Lessons in Etymology and Syntax, in which these two Parts of Grammar are exhibited in Parallel Columns, carefully adapted to the Capacity of Young Learners. By Manasseh Robbins. Providence. 12mo. pp. 69.
The Classical Reader; a selection of Lessons in Prose and Verse, from the most esteemed English and American Writers, intended for the Use of the Higher Classes in public and private Seminaries. By the Rev F. W. P. Greenwood and G. B. Emerson, of Boston. Boston. Lincoln & Edmands. 12mo. pp. 420.
An Epitome of Geography, with an Atlas. By J. E. Worcester. Boston. Hilliard, Gray, & Co. 18mo. pp. 165.
Mr Worcester's success as a geographer renders it unnecessary for us to say anything more of this little work, than that it bears all the characteristic marks of his former productions. He is accurate, clear, and remarkably happy in condensing the most important particulars, and bringing them down to the ready apprehension of children. The subjects are divided with precision, and appropriate questions are prepared as a guide to the learner.
The author has one merit almost peculiar to himself. He has taken unwearied pains to designate the accurate pronunciation of the names of places in various countries. This is of great utility, for if a child becomes accustomed to a right pronunciation at first, the thing is done forever, and he will have no more trouble about it; whereas, if he begins wrong, he is embarrassed and doubting all his life, and in his intercourse with men must often be subject to mortification on account of his ignorance. There is no better test of an accurate education, than a right pronunciation of proper names, both ancient and modern; and the use of inarks of accentuation in recent school books is an essential improvement. We have seen no writer, who attends to it with so much particularity as Mr Worcester; and it is for this reason, that we shall notice what we deem a few slight errors. Some of them may possibly be misprints. He writes Oconee', Darien', Para'na, Poto'si; we believe they ought to be accented Oconee, Da'rien [or Dah'rien], Parana', Potosi'. He spells Carac'cas, Guatima'la, Valparay'so. In South America the orthography of these words is Carac'as, Guatemala, Valparai'so. He writes Tennessee', and Michigan'; we suspect the more common pronunciation in the Western country is Ten'nessee, and Mich'igan. As a general remark, there is a growing tendency in pronouncing Indian names to throw back the accent.
There will be much fluctuation in the pronunciation of the names of places in South America for a long time to come, owing to our imperfect acquaintance with the sounds of some of the Spanish letters. and the habit, which has been acquired of pronouncing words as we see them in books, after the English sounds of the letters. But so much intercourse is now growing up between that country and this, and so many persons are daily coming among us, who pronounce after the Spanish mode, that the ear will gradually become accustomed to this pronunciation, and it will at length prevail universally. Now as the only rule for pronouncing the names of places, is the custom of the people who inhabit those places, we believe it would be best for geographers to adopt at once the Spanish pronunciation of South American words, particularly those where the sounds can be easily uttered by English organs. For instance, we would inculcate the Spanish pronunciation of Chile (Chee'-le), Lima (Lee'mah), and other words of a similar kind:
And by the way, we think it is quite time for geographers, and all other writers, to introduce the true orthography of Chile, and no longer sanction the old corruption, Chili.
Mr Worcester has attempted to give the sounds of some Spanish words in which he has failed, by not attending to the exact power of two or three letters. Take for examples Guadalaxara, Guanaxuato, which he pronounces Guah-da-lax-ah'ra; Gwah-nax-wah'to. This gives the words very imperfectly. It would be nearer to write them Gwah-dah-lah-ha'ra, and Gwah-nah-hu-ah'to. As the words are originally written, the x has the sound of a strongly aspirated h. Sometimes j is used instead of the x, with the same sound. Thus the name of a city, from which the term jalap is derived, is written promiscuously Xalapa, or Jalapa, and in either case is pronounced Hala'pa, with the h aspirated. There is another class of words with the Spanish ll, which presents a difficulty, but one which can nearly be conquered; thus, Truxillo, may be very well represented by Truhheel'-io; or perhaps more nearly by Truh-heel'-yo, letting the tongue rest a little upon the in the accented syllable.
A Key, containing Answers to the Examples in the Sequel to Intellectual Arithmetic. By Warren Colburn, A. M. Stereotyped at the Boston Type and Stereotype Foundery. Boston. Hilliard, Gray, & Co. 12mo. pp. 70.
Essays upon Popular Education; containing a Particular Examination of the Schools of Massachusetts, and an Outline of an Institution for the Education of Teachers. By James G. Carter. Boston. Bowles & Dearborn. 8vo. pp. 60.
The Class-Book of American Literature; consisting principally of Selections in the Departments of History, Biography, Prose Fiction, Poetry, &c. from the best Writers of our own Country. Designed to be used as a Reading-Book in American Schools. By John Frost. Boston. J. H. A. Frost. 12mo. pp. 288.
Manual of Mutual Instruction; consisting of Mr Fowle's Directions for introducing in Common Schools the Improved System adopted in the Monitorial School, Boston. With an Appendix, containing some Considerations in Favor of the Monitorial Method, and a Sketch of its Progress, &c. By William Russell. Boston. Wait, Greene, & Co. 12mo. pp. 131.
The First Book, or Spelling Lessons for Primary Schools. Boston. Munroe & Francis. 18mo. pp. 120.
Conversations on Common Things; or, Guide to Knowledge. With Questions for the Use of Schools and Families. By a Teacher. New Edition. Boston. Munroe & Francis. 18mo. pp. 288.
Lights of Education, or Mr Hope and His Family; a Narrative for Young Persons. By a Lady. Part II. Baltimore. E. J. Coale. An Introduction to Algebra upon the Inductive Method of Instruction. By Warren Colburn. Stereotype Edition. Boston. Hilliard, Gray, & Co. 12mo. pp. 276.
A History of the United States of America, on a Plan adapted to the Capacity of Youth. By the Rev. Charles A. Goodrich. A New Edition. Hartford. S. G. Goodrich. 18mo. pp. 316.
The Mercantile Arithmetic. By Michael Walsh. A New Edition. Boston. Richardson & Lord. 12mo. pp. 307.
A Spanish Grammar. By A. De Letamendi, late Consul of Spain for East Florida. Price $1,50. Charleston, S. C. W. Riley. Marci Tullii Ciceronis Orationes quædam Selectæ, in Usum Del
phini, cum Interpretatione et Variantibus aliquot per singulas Orationes Lectionibus, &c. With English Notes. By John G. Smart. Philadelphia..
Arithmetic on the Inductive Method of Instruction; being a Sequel to Intellectual Arithmetic. By Warren Colburn, A. M. Stereotype Edition. Boston. Hilliard, Gray, & Co. 12mo. pp. 245.
Geography for Beginners, or the Instructer's Assistant in giving First Lessons from Maps; with an Atlas, adapted exclusively to the Work. By Emma Willard, Principal of the Troy Female Seminary. Outlines of Modern Geography, on a new plan, carefully adapted to By the Rev. Charles A. Goodrich. Second Edition. Boston. S. G. Goodrich. 18mo. pp. 252.
Deutsches Lesebuch für Anfänger. Cambridge. Hilliard & Metcalf. 12mo. pp. 252.
This is one of the pleasantest and best selections we are acquainted with, for the purpose of introducing a beginner to the knowledge of a foreign language. The object of it, as stated in the preface, is to give a collection of examples illustrative of the rules and peculiarities of the language from works of acknowledged classical rank, and at the same time to afford the learner a foretaste of the modern German literature. This object is, we think, well attained; and though a task of no very formidable nature, yet it is one not unworthy of the attention of the learned scholar who has prepared the book, and to whom we are indebted for contributing his efforts to increase the means of cultivating one of the most useful and important languages of the present day.
An Atlas of the State of South Carolina, made under the Authority of the Legislature; prefaced with a Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of the State. By Robert Mills, Engineer and Architect. 4to.
A New General Atlas, comprising a complete set of Maps, representing the Grand Divisions of the Globe. Together with the several Empires, Kingdoms, and States in the World. Compiled from the best Authorities, and corrected by the most recent Discoveries. Philadelphia. Price $10. Anthony Finley. Imperial 4to.
A new and very elegant Map of the World, on six super royal sheets, forming a surface of thirty square feet, and comprising all the latest discoveries. Price to subscribers, $7,00. Philadelphia. A. Finley.
The History of New England, from 1630 to 1649. By John Winthrop, Esq. From his Original Manuscripts. With Notes, by James Savage. Vol. II. Boston. Thomas B. Wait & Son. 8vo. pp. 429.
Historical Account of the First Presbyterian Church and Society in Newburyport, Mass., addressed to the Congregation worshipping in Federal Street, July 9, 1826. By Samuel P. Williams. Saratoga Springs. G. M. Davison. 8vo. pp. 67.
History of the United States, from their first Settlement as Colonies to the Close of the War with Great Britain in 1815. New York. Collins & Hannay. 12mo. pp. 281.
Collections of the New York Historical Society for the Year 1826. Vol. IV. New York. J. Seymour. 8vo. pp. 308.
Elements of History, Ancient and Modern; with Historical Charts.