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PERLOT 1.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE GLASS MANUFACTURING

INDUSTRY.

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an of the term "glass industry.”—Growth of the industry-Territory studiedholds studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was ed-Employees for whom information was secured-Comparative scope of the igation --Preparation of the report—Text Tables 1 to 11 and General Tables

DEFINITION OF THE TERM “GLASS INDUSTRY."

LAXE MICHIGAN

the purposes of this report the term "glass industry” is used signate the manufacture of all such products as plate glass, w glass, glass bottles, cut glass, chimney globes and similar is, and plain and fancy glass tableware.

GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.

ring the past forty years the glass-manufacturing industry has remarkable growth, which has been most marked in the States ssouri, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New York, New , and West Virginia. The large expansion in these States

the period 1880–1905 and in the country as a whole during hirty-five years 1870–1905 may be quickly seen in the table next itted, which sets forth the increase in the number of establishGs, in capital invested, and in the value of finished products.

9

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Table 1.-Growth of the glass industry in the United States, 1870–1905, and in select

States, 1880 to 1905.

[The following statistics compiled from the United States Census, Special Reports on Manufactu

Part III, 1905, Table 1, p. 837; Table 2, pp. 840-841; Table 9, pp. 860-863.)

State.

Year.

Number of active establishments.

Capital.

Value o product:

United States..

1905 1900 1890 1880 1870

399 355 294 169 201

$89,389, 151
61, 423, 903
40,966, 850
18, 804,599
14,111, 642

Illinois..

13

6 13

6 96 110 21

Indiana..

Missouri..

6

New Jersey.

1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1990 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1.900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880

New York..

3,576, 172
2,181,801
1,721,878

425,00)
13, 884, 485
12,775, 389
3,556, 563
1, 442.000
3, 219, 034
2, 198, 316
2,201, 353
1, 430,000
6, 304, 455
5,397, 662
3, 744,894
2,568,021
3, 455, 441
2, 242, 834
2, 297,699
1,875,600
9, 254, 195
5, 451,513
4,094, 677
1,172,850
40, 612,180
28, 287, 187
20, 459, 049
7,609,706
4.299, 860
1,338, 084

825, 313

550.522 4,783.329 1,551, 117 2,005, 424 2, 256,000

$79, 607, 56,539,7 41,051, 21, 154, 19, 235, 5,619,1 2,834, 2,372, (

901, 14,706, 14,757,8 2,995,4

790,7 1,781,

765,5 1,215,3

919,8 6, 450, 1 5,093,8 5,218,1 2,810,1 4,279,7 2,756.9 2,723,0 2, 420,7 9,026,2 4,547.0 5,649, 1:

1,549,3 27,671,65 22,011, 1: 17,179, 1: 8,720,5€ 4,598,50 1,871.79

945, 21

748.50 5, 473, 82 1,901.03 2,753, 5. 2,293,

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Ohio.

Pennsylvania..

West Virginia..

All other States.......

INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES.

From the standpoint of recent immigration the most significan fact attending the growth of the glass industry has been the resultan increase in the number of glassworkers. In 1870 the average number employed in the industry in the United States was only 15,822, a contrasted with 63,969 in 1905. The geographical distribution o employees has of course followed the location of the industry. The table next submitted sets forth the increase in the average number of glassworkers in the United States during the period 1870–1905 and in the principal glass-manufacturing States during the period 1880-1905.

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