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TABLE 11.Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number

of years, by sex and race-Continued.

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5.8

35.0

19.2

11.7

28.3

48296-VOL 14-11-27

[graphic]

Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.

(This chart shows only races with 200 or more reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

BOHEMIAN MORAVIAN
CANADIAN (OTHER THAN FRENCH)
DANISH
ENGLISN
GERMAN
GREEK
IRISH
ITALIAN, NORTH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
LITHUANIAN
MAGYAR
POLISH
RUSSIAN
SLOVAK
SWEDISH
TOTAL

= UNDER 5 YRS.

- 5 TO 19 YRS,

= 20 YRS, OR OVER

Of 15,894 foreign-born employees reporting, 35 per cent have been in the United States under five years, 19.2 per cent from five to nine years, 5.8 per cent from ten to 14 years, 11.7 per cent from fifteen to nineteen years, and 28.3 per cent have been in this country twenty years or over. The Servians report over 90 per cent, the Ruthenians over 80 per cent, and the Greeks, Magyars, Russians, and Slovaks over 60 per cent of their number as having been in this country under five years. It will be noted that the French Canadians, Canadians other than French, and the races from northern Europe show comparatively small proportions as having that period of residence. The South Italians report the highest percentage and the English the lowest percentage in the group including foreign-born employees who have been in this country from five to nine years. The Canadians other than French show the largest proportion, which is 14 per cent, of their number as having been in the United States from ten to fourteen years, while none of the Servians have been in this country over nine years. The Dutch show the highest per cent, followed by the French Canadians, the Danes, the Swedes, the Germans, and the Bohemians and Moravians, in the order named, of persons with a residence of from fifteen to nineteen years, while the Croatians, Slovaks, Russians, Ruthenians, Magyars, and Greeks show very small proportions in this group. The Irish show 66.2 per cent and the Germans and English over 60 per cent, who have been in the United States twenty years or over, while less than 1 per cent of the Greeks and Ruthenians have been in this country for this period of years.

The foreign-born female employees show a very much higher per cent than the male employees who have been in the United States under five years, while in each of the other specified periods of residence the male employees exhibit larger proportions than the female employees.

The table below shows, by locality and by race, the percentage of foreign-born employees who had been in the United States each specified number of years: Table 12.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified num.

ber of years, by locality and by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting in each of two or more localities. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

IN UNITED STATES UNDER 5 YEARS.

Race.

East.

Middle
West.

Total agricultural implements,

Canadian (other than French)..
English..
German.
Irish.
Italian, North.
Polish.
Slovak..

9.0 22.6

9.0
14.5
57.4
64.6
54.8

13.2
12.7
10.7

8.0
34.5
37.7
71.7

11.2 17.8 10.5 11.5 43.5 40.8 67.0

Total...

43. 4

33.5

35.0

Table 12.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified num

ber of years, by locality and by race-Continued.

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From the above table it will be seen that a slightly larger proportion of the foreign-born employees of this industry in the East than in the Middle West have been in the United States under five, under ten, and under twenty years. Among those who have been in the United States under five years, it will be noted that a considerably larger proportion of the English, a slightly larger proportion of the Irish, and a much larger proportion of the North Italians and Poles, in the East than in the Middle West, and that slightly larger proportions of the Canadians other than French and Germans and a considerably larger proportion of the Slovaks in the Middle West than in the East, have been in the United States for the above-stated period. Among those who have been in the United States under ten years, it will be noted that although the differences in the proportions of the various races in the two localities are less in some instances and greater in others than is shown in the preceding period of residence group, these differences have in no way affected the relative position of the localities as shown for those with a shorter period of residence. Considering those who have been in the United States under twenty years, it will be observed that, without a single exception, the proportion of each race in the East with this period of residence is in excess of the proportion shown in the Middle West. While in some instances the differences are more marked than in the preceding group, yet when considered collectively the difference in the proportions of the two localities is not so large as among those who have been in the United States under five years and under ten years.

In the last table of the series, which immediately follows, the percentage of foreign-born persons in the households studied who had been in the United States each specified number of years is shown according to race of individual.

Table 13.—Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number

of years, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is

inade for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 20 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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Of 966 individuals reporting complete data, 35.9 per cent have been in the United States under five years, 56.7 per cent under ten years, and 72.2 per cent under twenty years. The Swedes and the Germans represent the races that have resided in the United States during the longest period, only about 10 per cent of each of these races having resided here less than five years. On the other hand, over 70 per cent of Hebrews and Flemish have lived in the United States under five years. All of the Hebrews and Lithuanians and over 90 per cent of Magyars and Flemish are reported as living here less than twenty years, while only about 30 per cent of the Germans, about 50 per cent of the Swedes, and about 60 per cent of the Poles are so reported.

RACIAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AT THE PRESENT TIME.

The racial composition of the operating forces of the industry is exhibited in the following table and accompanying chart, which show, by sex, the number and per cent of employees of each race for whom information was secured:

Table 14.-Employees of each race for whom information was secured, by sex.

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