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Table 2.Increase in the average number of employees in glass manufacturing in the

United States, 1870-1905, and in the principal glass-manufacturing States, 1880–1905. (Compiled from United States Census, Special Report on Manufactures, Part III, 1905, Table 2,

pp. 840-841.)

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Illinois

127 148 20

Indiana....

487 634 197 53 8

Missouri...

New Jersey..

New York..

1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880 1905 1900 1890 1880

4, 768 3, 304 2,762

732 12,020 13, 015 3,010

862 1,561

650 1,113

965 5,507 5,383 5, 688 3.578 3, 153 2,556 3, 229 3,078 7,844 4,546 6, 135

1,688 20,794 19, 420 18,510 9, 784 3,673 1,949 1,371

946 4,649 1,995 2 774 2,544

4,258
2,607
2, 215

632
10,662
10,910
2,633

695 1, 469

648 1,016

709 4,815 4,366 4, 601 2, 762 2.800 2, 201 2,587 2,116 6,321 3, 505 5,053 1,170 17,074 15, 136 14,824 6,999 2,777 1,319

970

615 3,903 1, 481 2,165 2,080

383 519 527 100

871 1,471

180 114 84

2 97 220 568

847 1.045

770 250 282 550 912 736 636 844

437 2,613 2, 738 2,937 2, 491

451 162 211 231 479 429 552 383

36 124 170 42 46 103 73 92 50 787 405 538

81 1, 107 1,546

749 294 445 468 190 100 267 85 57 81

Ohio.

Pennsylvania.....

West Virginia.....

All other States..

TERRITORY STUDIED.

For the purpose of determining the racial composition of the operating forces of the industry and to ascertain how far the growth of the industry had been dependent upon or affected by recent immigration, a study was made of the glassworkers and the members of their households in the States where the industry had been established and where it had had its greatest development during recent years, or in other words, in the States of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New York, and New Jersey. The map submitted shows the geographical scope of the investigation and the location of the establishments of which the employees and the members of their households were studied in detail.

48296°—VOL 14-11-2

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A total of 660 households, the heads of which were engaged in various forms of glass manufacturing, were studied in detail. These households were selected so as to represent the different divisions of the industry, and geographically distributed so as to be representative of conditions prevailing in the different glass-manufacturing areas. The following table shows the households studied, according to general nativity and race of head of household.

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The above table shows that of the 660 households studied in this industry, 80.5 per cent are households the heads of which are foreignborn, 2.1 per cent are households the heads of which are native-born of foreign father, and 17.4 per cent are households the heads of which are native-born of native father. Among those whose heads are foreign-born a slightly larger number of Slovak than of Polish house holds were studied—the number of these households combined constituting 45.8 per cent of the total number of households studied After the Polish households, it will be seen that the number of German households constitute a considerably larger proportion of the tota number of households studied than do the Flemish, and a very muc larger proportion than do the North Italian, Magyar, South Italia or French households, in the order named.

MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR WHOM DETAILED INFORMATION W.

SECURED.

The table next presented shows, by general nativity and race head of household, the persons in the households studied and t persons for whom detailed information was secured,

Table 4.- Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was

secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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The following table shows by general nativity and race of head of household the sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured in the households studied:

Table 5.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity

and race of head of household.

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The table next submitted sets forth, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the persons for whom detailed information was secured in the households studied.

Table 6.--Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativi

and race of individual.

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Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born.

502 758 707

506
757
609

1,008
1,515
1.316

34.3
51.7
48.3

37.0
55. 4
44.6

35.6 53.5 46.5

a Less than 0.05 per cent.

EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.

The following table shows the number and percentage of male employees in plate-glass factories of each race for whom information was secured:

Table 7. — Number and per cent of male employees of each race for whom information

was securedPlate glass.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

General nativity and race.

Per cent Number. distribu

tion.

General nativity and race.

Per cent Number. distribu

tion.

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Native-born of native father:

White...

Negro....
Native-born of foreign father,
by country of birth of father:
Austria-Hungary
Belgium..
Canada.
England.
France..
Germany
Ireland
Italy,
Russia.
Scotland.
Spain.
Sweden..
Switzerland.

Wales.
Foreign-born, by race:

Albanian
Bohemian and Moravian.
Bulgarian
Canadian, French
Canadian, Other
Croatian..
Danish.
Dutch.
Egyptian.
English
Flemish
French
German.

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a Less than 0.05 per cent.

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