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FINDINGS. See Jurisdiction, III; Procedure, 8; Transportation, 3.

PINES. See Constitutional Law, V; Oriminal Law, 5-6; Contempt,

1-2.

FIRST AMENDMENT. See Constitutional Law, III, 1, 2; IV.
FLORIDA. See Constitutional Law, VII, 1; Divorce.
FOREIGN COMMEROE. See Constitutional Law, VI, 2; Taxa

tion, 2.
FOREMEN. See Constitutional Law, VI, 1; Labor, 1-2.
FORUM NON OONVENIENS. See Jurisdiction, IV, 34.
FOURTEENTE AMENDMENT. See Constitutional Law, IV;

VIII, 1; IX.

FRAUD. See Criminal Law, 2.
FULL FAITH AND CREDIT. See Constitutional Law, VII, 1-3.
GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES. See also Constitutional Lew, II,

3; Jurisdiction, I, 2-3.
1. Political activity-Prohibition-Hatch Act.–Validity and con-
struction of Hatch Act, providing for removal of federal employees
for political activity. United Public Workers v. Mitchell, 75.

2. Id.-Acting as ward leader of political party and as worker
at polls violated Hatch Act. Id.

3. Id.-Hatch Act applicable to industrial as well as administrative
employees of executive branch of Government. Id.
GRANTS. See Indians, 1; Statutes, 6.
GREAT BRITAIN. See Transportation, 2.
GRO88 RECEIPTS TAX. See Constitutional Law, VI, 2; Taxa-

tion, 2.
HATCH AOT. See also Constitutional Law, I, 1; II, 3; Jurisdiction,

1, 2-3, 7.
Validity and construction.- United Public Workers v. Mitchell,
75; Oklahoma v. Civil Service Comm'n, 127.
HOURS. See Labor, 5-8.
ILLICIT LIQUORS. See Oriminal Law, 2.
ILLINOIS. See Constitutional Law, VII, 2.
IMMIGRATION. See Criminal Law, 1; Jurisdiction, II, 1.

INDEMNITY. See Admiralty, 1.

INDIANS.

1. Ute IndiansCompensation for landsRight of recovery.-Ute
Indians without compensable interest in lands made available to
them by 1875 Executive Order which were outside of 1868 treaty
boundary; 1880 Act did not convey or ratify conveyance of such
lands. Ute Indians v. U. S., 169.

2. Indian treatiesConstruction. Construction of treaty with In-
dians as affected by their understanding. Id.
INDICTMENT. See also Jurisdiction, II, 1.

Sufficiency. Sufficiency of indictment charging conspiracy to vio-
late Sherman Act. Brotherhood of Carpenters v. U. S., 395.
INFORMATION. See Jurisdiction, II, 1.
INJUNCTION.

1. Propriety-Fair Labor Standards Act.-Denial to Wage-Hour
Administrator of injunction as to group of employees as to whom
the employer had been complying with Act, sustained. Walling v.
Nashville, C. & St. L. R. Co., 158.

2. Injunction against strike-Statutory restrictions Suit by Gov-
ernment.--Injunction against strike in government-operated coal
mines pending judicial interpretation of contract with labor union;
contempt of restraining order; propriety of procedure and penalty.
U.S. v. United Mine Workers, 258.
INSOLVENCY. See Priority.
INSTRUCTIONS TO JURY. See Trial, 3.
INTERNAL REVENUE. See Criminal Law, 2.
INTERSTATE COMMERCE. See Constitutional Law, VI, 1-2;

Taxation, 2; Transportation, 1-3.
INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION. See Labor, 7; Trans-

portation, 3.
JEOPARDY. See Constitutional Law, V.
JUDGMENT NOTWITHSTANDING VERDIOT. See Procedure, 4.
JUDGMENTS. See also Constitutional Law, V; VII, 1-3; Divorce;

Procedure, 4.
Res judicataEffect of state court judgment in federal court-
Diversity jurisdiction. State court judgment as adjudication on mer-
its barring relitigation in federal court. Angel v. Bullington, 183.

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JURISDICTION. See also Admiralty, 1; Constitutional Law, II,

1-2; VII, 1-3; Contempt, 2; Procedure.

I. In General, p. 865.
II. Supreme Court, p. 866.
III. Circuit Courts of Appeals, p. 866.

IV. District Courts, p. 866.
References to particular subjects under title Jurisdiction.--Amount
in Controversy, IV, 2; Case or Controversy, I, 2-3; Certiorari, II,
3; Clayton Act, I, 1; Contempt, I, 5; Criminal Appeals Act, II, 1;
Derivative Suit, IV, 4; Direct Appeal, II, 1-2; Diversity Jurisdiction,
I, 4; IV, 2-4; Findings, III; Forum Non Conveniens, IV, 3-4;
Hatch Act, I, 2-3, 7; Immigration Act, II, 1; Injunction, I, 1-3;
Jurisdictional Amount, IV, 2; Labor Relations Act, I, 6; Mandate,
II, 4; Maritime Commission, IV, 1; Norris-LaGuardia Act, I, 1;
Remand, II, 4; Scope of Review, I, 5–7; State Courts, I, 4; II, 4;
States, I, 4, 7; Workmen's Compensation, IV, 2.
I. In General.

1. Federal courtsInjunction against strike-Suit by Govern-
mentNorris-LaGuardia and Clayton Acts.- Jurisdiction of federal
court to enjoin strike in government-operated coal mines pending
judicial interpretation of contract with labor union. U. S. v. United
Mine Workers, 258.

2. Case or controversy-Hatch Act.-Suit of federal employees to
restrain enforcement of Hatch Act, alleging only their desire to engage
in prohibited political activity, not justiciable. United Public Work-
ers v. Mitchell, 75.

3. Id. Suit of federal employee to restrain enforcement of Hatch
Act, alleging that he had violated Act and that the Civil Service
Commission had ordered his removal, was justiciable; propriety of
declaratory judgment action. United Public Workers v. Mitchell, 75.

4. Diversity jurisdiction.-State court judgment as adjudication on
merits barring relitigation in federal court. Angel v. Bullington,
183.

5. Scope of review.-Defendant who did not appeal from adverse
judgment in contempt proceedings may not raise objections on merits
of that judgment. Penfield Co. v. S. E. C., 585.

6. Scope of review_Labor Relations Act.-Scope of review of order
of Board under Natioual Labor Relations Act. Packard Co. v. Labor
Board, 485.

7. Scope of review-Hatch Act-State as party aggrieved.-Right
of state to judicial review and to challenge constitutionality of order
of Civil Service Commission under Hatch Act. Oklahoma v. Civil
Service Comm'n, 127.

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JURISDIOTION-Continued.
II. Supreme Court.

1. Criminal Appeals ActDirect appeal.-Dismissal of information
by District Court based on construction of Immigration Act appeal-
able directly to Supreme Court. U. S. v. Hoy, 724.

2. Direct appeal from three-judge court-Act of August 24, 1937—
Docketing.-Where appeal not docketed within 60 days of allowance,
but appellee takes no steps under Rule 11 to dismiss, this Court has
jurisdiction. United Public Workers v. Mitchell, 75.

3. Review of C. C. A.-Certiorari.-Respondent may assert as
sustaining judgment ground rejected below. Walling v. General
Industries Co., 545.

4. Review of C.C.A.- Order of remand.-Circuit Court of Appeals'
remand to state court reviewable, though mandate has issued. Aetna
Casualty Co. v. Flowers, 464.
D. Circuit Courts of Appeals.

Scope of review-Findings of fact.-Findings of fact by District
Court, on conflicting evidence and inferences drawn therefrom, should
not be rejected unless clearly wrong. Walling v. General Industries
Co., 545.
IV. District Courts.

1. Suit against United StatesDetermination of jurisdiction. Suit
against members of Maritime Commission as one of which District
Court, upon allegations of complaint, had jurisdiction to determine
jurisdiction by proceeding to decision on merits. Land v. Dollar, 731.

2. Diversity jurisdictionJurisdictional amount.-$5,000 suit under
Tennessee Workmen's Compensation Law involved jurisdictional
amount, though installments ultimately received might be less than
$3,000. Aetna Casualty Co. v. Flowers, 464.

3. Diversity jurisdiction-Forum non conveniens.-Power of fed-
eral court to dismiss upon doctrine of forum non conveniens; criteria
and propriety of application of doctrine. Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert,
501; Koster v. Lumbermens Mutual Co., 518.

4. Id.-Application of doctrine of forum non conveniens to deriva-
tive suit. Koster v. Lumbermens Mutual Co., 518.
JURISDICTIONAL AMOUNT. See Jurisdiction, IV, 2.
JURY. See Trial, 3.
LABOR. See also Antitrust Acts, 1-2; Constitutional Law, VI, 1;

VII, 2-3; VIII, 2-3; Criminal Law, 1; Injunction, 1-2; Proco

dure, 1–2; Workmen's Compensation, 1-2.
1. National Labor Relations ActEffect on state regulation.-
State board's certification of union of foremen which National Board

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LABOR Continued.
had refused to certify, violated National Labor Relations Act. Beth-
lebem Steel Co. v. State Board, 767.

2. National Labor Relations Act-Collective bargaining-Fore-
men.-Foremen as entitled to rights of self-organization, collective
bargaining, etc. Packard Co. v. Labor Board, 485.

3. Id.-Determination by Board of appropriate bargaining repre-
sentative; scope of judicial review. Id.

4. National Labor Relations ActProceedings before Board
Fairness.-Order of Board requiring disestablishment of plant union
sustained; effect of remand by C. C. A.; rebearing by same examiner;
admission and exclusion of evidence; scope of judicial review. Labor
Board v. Donnelly Garment Co., 219.

5. Fair Labor Standards ActCoverage-Learners.-Trainees for
jobs as railroad firemen, brakemen and switchmen not "employees"
under Act. Walling v. Portland Terminal Co., 148; Walling v. Nash-
ville, C. & St. L. R. Co., 158.

6. Fair Labor Standards Act-Coverage-"Executives.—Exemp-
tion of operating engineers as employed in "executive" capacity.
Walling v. General Industries Co., 545.

7. Fair Labor Standards Act-Coverage-ExceptionsJurisdiction
of 1. C. C.-Employees as to whom I. C. C. bas power under Motor
Carrier Act to establish qualifications and maximum hours of service;
"loaders" of freight for interstate motor carrier; scope of power of
I. C. C. as to employees engaged only part of time as loaders; prin-
ciples determining status of employees. Levinson v. Spector Motor
Service, 649; Pyramid Motor Freight Corp. v. Ispass, 695.

8. Fair Labor Standards Act-Enforcement-Injunction.-Denial
to Administrator of injunction as to group of employees is to whom
the employer had been complying with Act, sustained. Walling v.
Nashville, C. & St. L. R. Co., 158.

9. Norris - LaGuardia Act-Organizations-Liability-Authoriza-
tion.-Liability in labor disputes of employer or employee organization
or members for unlawful acts of officers or members; meaning of
"authorization.” Brotherhood of Carpenters v. U. S., 395.

10. Norris-LaGuardia Act-Clayton Act-War Labor Disputes
Act.-Injunction against strike in government-operated coal mines
pending judicial interpretation of contract with labor union; "em-
ployer" as not including Government. U. S. v. United Mine Workers,
258.
LABOR BOARD. See Constitutional Law, VI, 1; VIII, 2; Labor,

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