Lapas attēli









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Direct obligations:

11 Personnel compensation.-
12 Personnel benefits..
21 Travel and transportation of persons.
22 Transportation of things..
23 Rent, communications, and utilities.
24 Printing and reproduction...
25 Other services
26 Supplies and materials.
31 Equipment.
32 Lands and structures.
41 Grants, subsidies, and contributions.

Total direct obligations.---
Reimbursable obligations:

11 Personnel compensation..
12 Personnel benefits
21 Travel and transportation of persons
22 Transportation of things.
23 Rent, communleations, and utilities.
24 Printing and reproduction..
25 Other services
26 Supplies and materials.
31 Equipment..
32 Lands and structures..

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Total reimbursable obligations..

20, 428



Less Intrafund obligations.

Total obligations...

190, 117

1, 898

192, 725

2, 900

193, 000


188, 219

189, 825


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Total reimbursable obligations..

20. 428



Less intrafund obligations.

190, 117

1, 898

192, 725

2, 900

193, 000


188, 219

189, 825





Total obligations.---

Unobligated balance brought forward (69 Stat. 438).
Unobligated military assistance orders transferred to

other service accounts.
Advance and reimbursements from-

Military assistance orders.
Other accounts.

Non-Federal sources (10 U.S.C. 2481 and 7581)
Unobligated balance carried forward (69 Stat. 438)
Unobligated balance lapsing..

New obligational authority..
New obligational authority:

Proposed supplemental due to pay increases.

-5, 574

6, 145

-10, 496


175, 850

176, 725


175, 850

174, 686

2, 039


Mr. ANDREWS. The committee will come to order.

The next appropriation for consideration is that for the operation and maintenance of the Marine Corps.

First, we shall hear a statement by General Tschirgi.


Mr. ANDREWS. General, you may proceed without interruption.

General TschiRGI. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I ! am Brig. Gen. Harvey C. Tschirgi, Assistant Chief of Staff for Logistics, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps. I appreciate this opportunity to present the program connected with the appropriation request “Operation and maintenance, Marine Corps."

As you gentlemen are aware, the missions of the Marine Corps are set forth in the National Security Act of 1947. Specifically the Marine Corps' fundamental purpose is to respond to the needs of our Nation for an instantly ready combat force which is particularly

skilled in amphibious warfare operations-one ready to go any place at any time and do what is expected of it.

The Fleet Marine Forces are strategically located throughout the world so that they can be deployed on short notice to the most likely trouble areas of the world. They are available to deter small wars from getting started—and, if such wars do start, these deployed forces can do much to prevent them from growing bigger. These forces are organized to employ conventional weapons--and, are prepared to, fight with nuclear weapons if need be. During the past year there were several emergencies. We, along with the Navy, were called upon to respond to many of these.

The amount requested for this appropriation is $179 million. This is slightly higher than the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1961.

The operation and maintenance appropriation is the financial foundation on which the day-to-day readiness of the Marine Corps is built. The Fleet Marine Forces are the combat forces of the Marine Corps. They look to this appropriation for funds they need to train them to fight. Marines of the Fleet Marine Force are trained through programs financed by this appropriation.

This Marine Corps budget estimate is a comprehensive plan for accomplishing the missions assigned to the Marine Corps. This money is needed to train, operate, maintain, and support a Marine Corps of three Marine divisions, and partially support three Marine aircraft wings. The "Operations and maintenance” budget estimate is our plan for meeting the Marine Corps objective of combat readiness. Operations and maintenance funds buy immediate readiness—they are vital to our ability to fight now.

Our first priority of funding goes for the support of the Fleet Marine Forces in training to assure them that they are ready to take part in combat operations as a part of the Navy-Marine team. Hand in hand with this goes our responsibility for keeping our officers and men equipped to do their job in combat. Maintenance of materiel in our depots has been given lower priority.

After these three priority areas comes the supporting establishment which provides direct support to our combat Fleet Marine Forces. These must be properly staffed to do the high quality maintenance work and personnel training demanded by the Fleet Marine Forces.

By adhering to these priorities we insure the maximum readiness and the maximum effectiveness possible with our funding resources.

There are two general categories of training-individual training and unit or organizational training,

Recruit training is the first and most important phase of our individual training. It provides the firm foundation on which we build the Marine Corps. After recruit training, and an advanced course in weapons and infantry tactics, the recruit is ready to join the Fleet Marine Force as a member of a ground or air unit.

Unit and organizational training ranges from a fire team of four men to a complete fighting force—the Marine division-Marine air wing team. The major unit training in this budget period is as follows: Division/wing exercises.Regimental combat team-Air group exercises. Battalion landing team-Air group exercises.

2 8

26 Battalion landing exercises--Combat support landing exercises--

67438-61-pt. 2---47

19 2

Formal schooling is also provided for individuals. This includes instruction in the tactics and strategy of handling large sized landing forces of combined arms, that is, one composed of infantry, aviation, artillery, tank, and engineer units. This instruction is given in our officers courses at the Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, Va. Technical training and education is provided for officers and enlisted personnel at schools in the Marine Corps, at schools of other services, and at civilian institutions.

We are continually introducing new, more complicated equipment into the Fleet Marine Forces. This imposes an added financial burden on all parts of our budget. Training needs are rapidly increasing.

The Fleet Marine Force and other operating forces of the Marine Corps will increase slightly in fiscal year 1962. An additional HAWK missile battalion is activated in fiscal year 1962 and six infantry battalions phased in during fiscal year 1961 and requiring only part-year support will have to be supported for a full year in fiscal year 1962.

Training a unit to keep it in a satisfactory state of readiness for combat requires use of equipment. Ordnance, communication, motor transport, and engineer equipment are all used extensively in training personnel so they may be ready to fight as coordinated units. This in turn requires a comprehensive and expensive repair and maintenance program for combat equipment. Funds must be continually expended for maintenance and repair on a day-to-day basis and, in addition, substantial sums must be invested for major overhaul and repair after a vehicle has been in use for some time. Perhaps one of the best examples of this is the case of the amphibian tractor. Amphibian tractor vehicles require rebuild after some 3 or 4 years of service with the Fleet Marine Force units. For the past several years numbers of these have been accruing, and in fiscal year 1962 the Marine Corps is starting an accelerated program to rebuild them since they are economically repairable.

We are increasing funds to take better care of our equipment in storage. This will cut down on the work and high cost of preparing items for shipment. Better inspection methods to eliminate unnecessary repair jobs, improved management of repair operations, and careful selection of categories of equipment to give the most economical return on the repair dollar are constantly being sought.

In the area of maintenance of real property we continually seek better methods of management as costs continue to rise.

Adequate housing plays an important part in the effectiveness and efficiency of the Marine Corps through its contribution to the morale of the officers and men and its influence on their retention.

Our Capehart and Wherry housing projects are expanding with the completion of housing units at Camp Lejeune, N.C., Quantico, Va., and Twentynine Palms, Calif. Additional funding is required to maintain these units.

With respect to managing our inventory of materiel, we are trying to identify and eliminate duplication of items and thereby generate savings in procurement and the associated costs of supply management. We are applying electronic data processing to our problems in this area through an active and aggressive program.

In conclusion, this appropriation provides only for essentials. Every dollar has a specific purpose. We have distributed the funds

to our Fleet Marine Forces, our supporting establishment, and our Reserve Forces in the manner we anticipate will provide the most effective utilization and the maximum readiness.

This completes my formal statement. I will be glad to answer any questions on this appropriation request.

JUSTIFICATION OF THE ESTIMATE Mr. ANDREWS. We shall insert in the Record the justifications (The justifications follow:)

Appropriation introduction

[In thousands)

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The appropriation "Operation and maintenance, Marine Corps” provides the funds to support all the missions, functions, activities, and facilities of the Marine Corps excluding procurement of major items of equipment, the personnel costs of both the Regular and Reserve Establishment, and those functions supported by Navy sponsored appropriations.

The primary purpose of the funds requested in this appropriation is to support the operating forces with particular emphasis on the Fleet Marine Forces. The objective of the Marine Corps is to train the Fleet Marine Forces and to maintain these forces in a high state of combat readiness for service with the fleet in amphibious operations, or for such other duties as the President may direct. In addition, the Marine Corps, in coordination with the other services will continue to develop the tactics, techniques, and equipment used by landing forces in amphibious operations.

The principal forces supported by this appropriation are two Fleet Marine Forces, composed of the three Marine division/wing teams and necessary supporting units. In addition, funds are provided to support the other operating forces of the Marine Corps: two landing force training units, the Marine de tachments afloat, and the security forces provided Navy activities ashore and activities of other Government agencies.

The individual training of officer and enlisted personnel from recruit or basic training to the highest Marine Corps technical or advanced training at the military schools of the other services, or at civilian institutions is also supported by this appropriation. The objective of such schooling is to provide highly trained and disciplined officers and men to the Fleet Marine Forces, capable of effective performance now and growth in the future.

The shore facilities which depend upon this appropriation for budgetary support are: four major unit support bases; two Marine Corps recruit depots; eight Marine Corps air stations (Marine Corps peculiar items only); three major supply activities; one Marine Corps schools command; one oversea training facility at Vieques, P.R.; and the Marine barracks and detachments (partially support of some is derived from Navy appropriations). It is the Commandant's policy that these facilities will be maintained in such condition that they may be effectively utilized ; that major costs for replacement in the future may be avoided; that they serve as a means of attracting properly motivated personnel to a service career; and that their operation and maintenance be on an efficient and economical basis.

This appropriation also supports the Marine Corps supply system principally through the supply centers and transportation of things. The principal objective in supply support is to provide the combat forces with equipment and materials in the proper quantities, the prescribed condition, and at the time and the place required.

Funds are also provided in this appropriation for support of Marine Corps Reserve units (less personnel costs) both ground and aviation (Marine Corps peculiar support only), including the funds necessary to support annual field training. The objective to provide a strong Reserve capable of rapid assimilation into the operating forces when and if required and authorized.

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