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your recommendation by about 300 and that the 1962 level will continue to be under the December 31, 1959, limitation.

As the committee has requested, we have prepared a presentation on departmental administration and it is attached to this statement as attachment F-1. We have, as well, separately identified the 1962 costs and personnel for these purposes and have compared them, as above, with our 1960 experience and 1961 limitation. The organizations and functions covered do include MSTS and MATS as recommended in the committee report.

The question of uniformity in description of departmental administration is almost impossible of resolution. This situation arises because of basic differences in service missions, methods of administration and supervision, proximity of command headquarters to operating forces and the delegation of administrative responsibilities to varying echelons. Perhaps the most perplexing of these problems is the situation of a headquarters which has both servicewide administration responsibilities and a specialized operating function with both being carried on by the same personnel.

We have reached the conclusion that complete comparability or uniformity as to functional coverage cannot be achieved without a high degree of statistical division and pro ration. We, therefore, would prefer to present a general pattern which is fairly well covered by the following definition :

“Departmental administration includes that force which is engaged in the continuous centralized direction and administration of the total resources and personnel of a single military department, or of the Department of Defense."

The application of the general pattern has the effect of modifying the list of units specified in the committee report for 1961. For example, we have deleted the Ballistics Missile Division of ARDC and several field activities of Department of the Army headquarters. In addition, we have attempted to "shred out” servicewide administrative activities from specialized operational tasks in such headquarters as AMO and ARDC. Even within this general pattern we have been faced with the necessity for relatively arbitrary decisions. The results of our efforts—as they modify the list of organizations contained in the committee report-are set forth in attachment F-2.

We believe it evident that the Defense Department has conscientiously controlled the amount of resources to be applied to headquarters activities.

Further, we have a history of such control as witnessed by our 13.6-percent reduction during the period December 1956 to June 1958. It is indeed an area that receives continuous and rigorous self-review. We, therefore, urge the committee that no continuing limitation be attached to the activities referred to collectively as “Departmental administraion."

TRAVEL

We estimate our travel requirements in 1962 for all appropriations at a total of $697 million, of which $273 million is included in the operation and mainte nance accounts. On a comparable basis, this total is $19 million less than the 1961 limitation plus our supplemental requests. Details by appropriation title, showing 1960, 1961, and 1962 travel costs on a comparable basis and showing the adjustments necessary to convert from the old object class 02 to the new object class 21 travel, as directed by the Bureau of the Budget, are contained in attachment G.

Each of the services is most anxious to present an explanation of the problems resulting from the current travel limitations and the severe curtailing actions they have had to initiate. The paperwork involved in administering the travel limitation imposed on these appropriations in 1961 is substantial. Each allotment and other funding document issued must contain a notation as to the amount of travel funds that may be utilized under it. Inasmuch as violations of these individual limitations are subject to legal penalties, this also requires special recordkeeping at local levels. In view of the austere travel request for 1962 and the severe administrative problems involved in the exercise of such legal restrictions, we are requesting that such a limitation not be included in the 1962 appropriation act. We would intend to continue to take aggressive administrative action at every level to insure that travel expenses are held to the minimum necessary to carry out essential missions.

CONCLUSION

The problems inherent in managing the operation and maintenance funds are substantial. We have briefly indicated some of the special attention that has been given to those areas in which the Appropriations Committees of Congress have shown interest. We believe that evidence has been presented to indicate that our management has been prudent and economical and that our requests for 1962 substantially reflect the management improvements recommended by this committee in your 1961 report.

This concludes the presentation based on the President's budget as submitted January 16, 1961. Secretary McNamara, the service Secretaries, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff are currently reviewing the Defense budget as submitted by President Eisenhower. It is possible that changes will be made in the operation and maintenance requests as a result of this review. If so, the changes will be submitted as required.

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ATTACHMENT A-1

Operation and maintenance--fiscal year 1962 budget estimates with 2-year comparisons

(Thousands of dollars)

ATTACHMENT A-2
Obligations in operation and maintenance appropriations, fiscal year 1960-62

(Thousands of dollars)

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3,734,000
2,763, 000

193, 000
4, 602, 000

171, 360
194, 400

500
6,300
21, 000
19,000
30,000

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Appropriation title

Direct

Operation and maintenance, Army.
Operation and maintenance, Navy
Operation and maintenance, Marine Corps.
Operation and maintenance, Air Force
Operation and maintenance, Army National Guard.
Operation and maintenance, Air National Guard..
National Board for Promotion of Rifle Practice, Army.
Operation and maintenance, Alaska communication system.
Salaries and expenses, Secretary of Defense
Claims, Department of Defense
Contingencies, Department of Defense
Operation and maintenance, Olympic Winter Games, De-

partment of Defense.
Salaries and expenses, Court of Military Appeals, Depart.
ment of Defense.

Subtotal..
Adjustment for comparability.

Total, operation and maintenance

NOTE: --Amounts will not necessarily add to totals due to rounding,

ATTACHMENT A-3 Expenditures under operation and maintenance appropriations, fiscal year 1960–62

[Thousands of dollars)

Appropriation title

Fiscal year
1960 actual

Fiscal year 1961 estimate

Fiscal year
1961 actual

through
Dec. 31, 1960

Fiscal year 1962 estimate

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Operation and maintenance, Army.
Operation and maintenance, Navy.
Operation and maintenance, Marine Corps.
Operation and maintenance, Air Force.
Operation and maintenance, Army National

Guard.
Operation and maintenance, Air National

Guard.
National Board for the Promotion of Rifle

Practice, Army.
Operation and maintenance, Alaska communi-

cation system, Army.
Salaries and expenses, Secretary of Defense
Claims, Department of Defense
Contingencies, Department of Defense.
Operation and maintenance, Olympic winter

games, Department of Defense
Salaries and expenses, Court of Military Ap-

peals, Department of Defense
Miscellaneous expired accounts, Army.
Miscellaneous expired accounts, Navy
Miscellaneous expired accounts, Air Force
Miscellaneous expired accounts, OSD.

Subtotal.
Adjustment for comparability with fiscal year

1962 structure..

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