Impact of Progress in Space on Science: By Hugh L. Dryden, Deputy Administrator

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3. lappuse - National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958". DECLARATION OF POLICY AND PURPOSE SEC. 102. (a) The Congress hereby declares that it is the policy of the United States that activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind.
12. lappuse - Judging from past experience, advances in scientific knowledge are the foundation of adThe manned lunar exploration program constitutes essential insurance against finding ourselves with a position in the new technology inferior to that of a possible enemy. The freedom of space combined with the great power of nuclear energy for destruction forecasts the future development of weapons systems now only dimly understood. There are many defense applications already evident and under way as responsibility...
12. lappuse - Major advances are occurring in electronics and communications, new materials, energy sources, and energy-conversion devices, data collection and handling, computers, knowledge of the behavior of the human body under stress, protective equipment for man in hostile environments, and many other areas. These developments at the frontiers of science and technology are transferable to other applications in industry. Because of the newness of the space age it is difficult to give specific examples at this...
12. lappuse - While the technological developments offer the earliest contributions to economic development, in the long run the contributions from the scientific knowledge obtained in the great unknown environment of the celestial bodies and interplanetary space may bring much greater returns. Today not only the prestige of a nation but also its true greatness and strength depend upon mastery and control of man's physical environment; and the extension and perfection of scientific knowledge is fundamental to...
12. lappuse - While the new technological developments offer the earliest contributions to economic development, in the long run the scientific knowledge obtained in the great unknown environment of the celestial bodies and interplanetary space may bring much greater returns. For, judging from past experience, advances in scientific knowledge are the foundation of advances in technology, which are a key factor in economic development...
14. lappuse - ... Evaluation Team was established for design review of the Centaur vehicle. May 14: In NAS broadcast for Voice of America, Dr. Colin S. Pittendrigh, Professor of Biology, Princeton University, said that biological engineering for manned space flight will have an influence on theoretical physiology, but that "space technology holds far less promise of any revolution in biology than in physics.
13. lappuse - ... has produced a sustained and long-term stimulus to education. Some of them go so far as to say that stimulus to education is the most important result of the space program. The late Hugh Dryden said on several occasions that perhaps the greatest influence of the space program has been its arousal of popular interest in science and in inspiring young people to study science and engineering. Other educators claim that a stimulus and energy has been given to a determined upgrading of the educational...
8. lappuse - ... far the most universally applicable. Radar and infrared sensors, as well as gravity, magnetic, and radioactivity measuring instruments may also be used for a variety of applications. The weather satellite is the most important application of sensing satellites to man's needs up to the present time. Again and again the US Weather Bureau has made significant adjustments of its weather analyses as a result of satellite information. Research in the Earth sciences and management of natural resources...
8. lappuse - Improvement in weather forecasting is obviously of great value. The House Committee on Science and Astronautics has estimated that an improvement of only 10% in accuracy might result in the savings of hundreds of millions of dollars annually for farmers, builders, airlines, shipping, the tourist trade, and many other enterprises. The United States plans to establish an operational system of weather satellites.
12. lappuse - The automobile is largely responsible for the development of alloy steels, new fuels, synthetic rubber, quick-drying finishes, and other new materials. Similarly the air age brought us great supplies of aluminum and the basis for building light-weight structures, not only for airplanes but also for trains, buses, and ships. The nuclear age brought applications of isotopes in medicine and in the inspection of materials. Nuclear developments brought remote manipulators and sealed pumps for hazardous...

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