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2226. The president of the United States is authorized and requested, to cause a survey to be taken of the coasts of the United States, in which shall be designated the islands and shoals, with the roads or places of anchorage, within twenty leagues of any part of the shores of the United States ; and also the respective courses and distances between the prin. cipal capes, or head lands, together with such other matters as he may deem proper for completing an accurate chart of every part of the coasts within the extent aforesaid.(1)

It shall be lawful for the president of the United States to cause such ex. aminations and observations to be made, with respect to St. George's bank, and any other bank or shoal, and the soundings and currents beyond the distance aforesaid to the Gulf Stream, as in his opinion may be especially subservient to the commercial interests of the United States.(2)

The president of the United States is authorized and requested, for any of the purposes aforesaid, to cause proper and intelligent persons to be employed, and also such of the public vessels in actual service, as he may judge expedient, and to give such instructions for regulating their conduct as to him may appear proper, according to the tenor of this act.(3)

The president is authorized, in and about the execution of the said act, to use all maps, charts, books, instruments, and apparatus, which now, or hereafter may belong to the United States, and employ all persons in the land and naval service of the United States, and such astronomers and other persons as he shall deem proper : Provided, That nothing in this act, or the act hereby revived, shall be construed to authorize the construction or maintenance of a permanent astronomical observatory.(4)*

CHAPTER III.

OP THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY.

SECTION I.

of the Commanders. Major-generals, brigadiers, aids-de- ral-compensation of those offi. camp, secretary of major-gene

2227

cers

ART. 2227. There shall be one major-general, with two aids-de-camp, two brigadier-generals, each with one aid-de-camp; and the aids-de-camp shall

(1) Act 10th Feb. 1807, sec. 1. (2) Ibid. sec. 2.

(3) Ibid. sec. 3.
(4) Act 10th July, 1832, sec. 2.

of the St. Peter's and the mouth of the Desmoines river, to Red river. Section 1. Such road to pass west of the state of Missouri and of the territory of Arkansas, with assent of the Indian tribes. Sec. 2. Military posts to be constructed at such place along the road as the president may deem most proper for the protection of the frontier, and for the preservation of the necessary communication. Sec. 3. The troops of U. S. to be employed thereon, at the discretion of the president, and other Labour, as he may direct.

• The act of July 10th, 1832, sec. 1, revived the act of 10th Feb. 1807, and er. tended it to the survey of the coasts of Florida. Large appropriations have been made from time to time for this service.

be taken from the subalterns of the line; and, in addition to their other du. ties, shall perform the duties of assistant adjutant-general.(1)

The major.general shall be entitled to two hundred dollars monthly pay, and fifteen rations per day. His aids-de-camp shall each be entitled to twenty-four dollars monthly, in addition to their pay in the line, and four rations. The brigadier-generals, respectively, shall be entitled to one hundred and four dollars monthly pay, and twelve rations per day, and their aids-de-camp each twenty dollars per month in addition to their pay in the line.(2)

The general commanding the army of the United States shall be allowed a secretary, to be taken from the line of the army, who shall receive twenty-four dollars per month in addition to his pay in the line, and shall be allowed forage for two horses.(3)

The aids-de-camp of major-generals shall be taken from the captains and subalterns of the line; and the aids-de-camp of brigadier-generals from the subalterns of the line; it shall not be lawful to take more than one aid-decamp from a regiment.(4)

SECTION II.

Of the Corps of the Army. Military peace establishment 2228 struction of cannon, &c.-to furnOath of officers and soldiers 2229 ish estimates and purchase stores 2239 Regiment of dragoons established, Colonel to organize and attach to

pay, &c. of—to serve on horse or regiments, &c. artificers, &c. 2240 foot

2230 Colonel to execute orders of secreAdditional regiment of dragoons au- tary of war, &c. for supply of thorized may be disbanded- arms, &c.

2241 when

2231 Keepers of magazines, &c. to make Artillery regiment, how constituted 2232 returns to colonel of ordnance 2242 Officers of artillery to be selected Liability of officers, &c. for damage for ordnance duties

2233 to arms-officers to report to colOrdnance department, how organ. onel of ordnance

2243 ized

2234 Colonel of ordnance to report of Ordnance sergeants to be selected officers, &c. in his department, -their duties 2235 and of arms, &c.

2244 Certain provision relative to ord. Colonel of ordnance to form system nance department repealed

2236 for government of his departGovernment and pay of depart

ment

2245 ment

2237 Infantry regiment, how constituted 2246 Colonel of ordnance to enlist armor. Corps of engineers retained in ser. ers, artificers, &c. 2238 vice-how constituted

2247 Colonel to direct inspection and Topographical engineers-rank and proof of ordnance, &c.--the con

2248

pay of

ART. 2228. The military peace establishment of the United States shall be composed of four regiments of artillery, and seven regiments of infantry, with such officers of engineers, of ordnance, and of the staff, as are hereinafter provided for.(5) (See infra.)

(1) Act 2d March, 1821, sec. 5.
(2) Act 11th Jan. 1812, sec. 2.
(3) Act 16th May, 1812, sec. 3.

(4) Act 30th March, 1814, sec. 1.
(5) Act 2d March, 1821, sec. 1.

• By act 2d March, 1836, chap. 80, the president was authorized to accept the service of 10,000 volunteers, either as infantry or cavalry, to do military duty only in cases of Indian hostilities, or to repel invasions, for two years, from the passage of the act: and by act 19th March, 1836, special provision is made for the payment, clothing, &c. for volunteers and militia so employed.

The officers, non-commissioned officers, artificers, musicians and privates, retained by this act, (1821) except those specially provided for, shall have the same rank, pay, and emoluments, as are provided, in like cases, by existing laws; and the force authorized and continued in service under this act, shall be subject to the rules and articles of war.(1)

2229. Every officer, non-commissioned officer, musician, and private, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: “I, A. B. do solemnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against their enemies or opposers, whomsoever ; and that I will observe and obey the orders of the president of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the rules and articles of war."(2)

2230. In lieu of the battalion of mounted rangers authorized by the act of the fifteenth of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, there shall be established a regiment of dragoons, to be composed and organized as follows, to wit: one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one major, one quarter. master-sergeant, and two chief buglers, one adjutant, who shall be a lieutenant, one sergeant-major, one chief musician, and ten companies ; each company to consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, and one second lieutenant, exclusive of the lieutenant who is to be the adjutant of the regi. ment; four sergeants, one of whom shall act as quarter-master-sergeant to the company, four corporals, two buglers, one farrier and blacksmith, and sixty privates.(3)

The officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, when mounted, are entitled to the same pay and emoluments as were allowed to dragoons during the war, and when on foot, the same pay and emoluments as are now allowed to the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates of a regiment of infantry; and the farrier and blacksmith shall be allowed the same pay and allowances, as are allowed to an artificer of artillery (4)*

The said regiment of dragoons shall be liable to serve on horse, or foot, as the president may direct; shall be subject to the rules and articles of war, be recruited in the same inanner, and with the same limitations; the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, farriers, and privates, shall be entitled to the same provisions for wounds and disabilities, the same provisions for widows and children, and the same allowances and benefits in every respect, as are allowed the other troops constituting the present military peace establishment.(5)

The president of the United States is authorized to carry into effect this

(1) Act 2d March, 1821, sec. 11.

(2) Act 16th March, 1802, sec. 20.Jan. 11, 1812, sec. 18.-Aug. 2, 1813.

(3) Act 2d March, 1833, sec. 1.
(4) Ibid. sec. 2.
(5) Ibid. sec. 3.

* There was allowed, under the Act 12th April, 1808, to the colonel of light dra. goons, $90 per month, six rations per day, and forage for five horses; to the lieu. tenant colonel, $75 per month, five rations, and forage for four horses ; to the major, $60 per month, four rations, and forage for four horses ; to each captain, $50 per month, three rations, and forage for three horses ; to each lieutenant, $334 per month, two rations, and forage for two horses ; to each cornet and riding master, $26 2-3 per month, two rations, and forage for two horses ; each saddler and fasrier, $10 per month, one ration per day, and a suit of uniform clothing annually. The officers and riding master furnished their own horses and accoutrements, and actually kept in service the aforesaid number of horses, to entitle them to the allow. ance of forage, or its equivalent in money.

act, as soon as he may deem it expedient, and to discharge the present battalion of mounted rangers, on their being relieved by the said regiment of dragoons.(1)

2231. There shall be raised and organized, under the direction of the president of the United States, one additional regiment of dragoons or mounted riflemen, to be composed of the same number and rank of the officers, noncommissioned officers, musicians and privates, composing the regiment of dragoons now in the service of the United States, who shall receive the same pay and allowances, be subject to the same rules and regulations, and be engaged for the like term, and upon the same conditions, in all respects whatever, as are stipulated for the said regiment of dragoons now in ser. vice.(2)

The president of the United States may disband the said regiment, when. ever, in his opinion, the public interest no longer requires their services.(3)

2232. Each regiment of artillery shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one major, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, and nine companies, one of which shall be designated and equipped as light artillery; each company shall consist of one captain, two first lieutenants, two second lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, three artificers, two musicians, and forty-two privates.(4)

2233. The president shall select from the regiments of artillery, such officers as may be necessary to perform ordnance duties, who, while so detached, shall receive the pay and emoluments now received by ordnance of. ficers, and shall be subject only to the orders of the war department.(5)

2234. The ordnance department shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, two majors, and ten captains, and as many enlisted men as the public service may require, not exceeding two hundred and fifty.(6)

2235. The secretary of war is authorized to select from the sergeants of the line of the army, who shall have faithfully served eight years in the ser. vice, four years of which in the grade of non-commissioned officer, as many ordnance sergeants as the service may require, not to exceed one for each military post; whose duty it shall be to receive and preserve the ordnance, arms, ammunition, and other military stores, at the post under the direction of the commanding officer of the same, and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the secretary of war, and who shall receive for their ser. vices five dollars per month, in addition to their pay in the line.(7)

2236. The first section of the act passed on the eighth of February, one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, entitled, “ An act for the better regula. tion of the ordnance department;" and so much of the second section of the act, entitled, “ An act to reduce and fix the military peace establishment of the United States," passed the second of March, one thousand eight hun. dred and twenty-one, as provides for one supernumerary captain to each regiment of artillery, to perform ordnance duty, and so much of the fourth section of the same act as merges the ordnance department in the artillery, and reduces the number of enlisted men, are hereby repealed : Provided, That nothing contained in this act shall be so construed as to divest the president of the United States of authority to select from the regiments of ar

(1) 'Act 28 March, 1833, sec. 4.
(2) Act 23d May, 1836, sec. 6.
(3) Ibid. sec. 7.
(4) Act 2d March, 1821, sec. 2, cl. 1.

(5) Ibid. sec. 4.
(6) Act 5th April, 1832, sec. 1.

Ibid. sec. 2.

tillery such number of lieutenants as may be necessary for the performance of the duties of the ordnance department (1)

2237. All officers and enlisted men authorized by this act, shall be subject to the rules and articles of war, and the officers shall receive the pay and emoluments now allowed or which may hereafter be allowed, to ar tillery officers.(2)

2238. The colonel, or senior officer of the ordnance department, is authorized to enlist, for the service of that department, for five years, as many master armorers, master carriage-makers, master blacksmiths, artificers, ar. morers, carriage-makers, blacksmiths, and labourers, as the public service, in his judgment, under the directions of the secretary for the department of war, may require.(3)

2239. It shall be the duty of the colonel of the ordnance department to direct the inspection and proving of all pieces of ordnance, cannon balls, hot shells, small arms, and side arms, and equipments, procured for the use of the armies of the United States; and to direct the construction of all cannon and carriages, and every implement and apparatus for ordnance, and all ammunition wagons, travelling forges, and artificers' wagons, the inspection and proving of powder, and the preparation of all kinds of am. munition and ordnance stores. And it shall also be the duty of the colonel, or senior officer of the ordnance department, to furnish estimates, and, under the direction of the secretary for the department of war, make contracts and purchases for procuring the necessary supplies of arms, equipments, ordnance, and ordnance stores.(4)

2240. The colonel of the ordnance department shall organize and attach to regiments, corps, or garrisons, such number of artificers, with proper tools, carriages, and apparatus, under such regulations and restrictions rela. tive to their government and number, as in his judgment, with the approba. tion of the secretary for the department of war, may be considered necessary.(5)

2241. The colonel of the ordnance department, or senior officer of that department of any district, shall execute all orders of the secretary for the department of war, and in time of war, the orders of any general, or field officer, commanding any army, garrison, or detachment, for the supply of all arms, ordnance, ammunition, carriages, forges, and apparatus, for garrison, field, or siege service.(6)

2242. The keepers of all magazines and arsenals shall, quarterly, or oftener, if so directed, and in such manner as directed by the colonel of the ordnance department, make correct returns to the colonel, or senior officer, of the ordnance department, of all ordnance, arms, and ordnance stores, they may have in charge (7)

2243. The cost of repairs of damages done to arms, equipments, or implements, in the use of the armies of the United States, shall be deducted Trom the pay of any officer or soldier in whose care or use the said arms, equipments, or implements, were, when the said damages occurred : Prorided, The said damages were occasioned by the abuse or negligence of the said officer or soldier. And it is hereby made the duty of every officer commanding regiments, corps, garrisons, or detachments, to make, once every two months, or oftener if so directed, a written report to the colonel

(1) Act 5th April, 1832, sec. 3.
(2) Ibid. sec. 4.
(3) Act 8th Feb. 1815, sec. 2.

Ibid. sec. 3.

(5) Ibid. sec. 4. (6) Ibid. sec. 5. (7) Ibid. sec. 6.

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