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TABLE 55.-Average number of persons in apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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The preceding table shows an average of 4.23 persons in apartments of 2 rooms, 5 persons in apartments of 3 rooms, 5.49 persons in apartments of 4 rooms, 5.93 persons in apartments of 5 rooms, 6.42 persons in apartments of 6 rooms, 7.23 persons in apartments of 7 rooms or more, and an average of 5.46 persons in apartments irrespective of number of rooms. The households the heads of which are nativeborn of foreign father show 6.10 persons per apartment as contrasted with 5.49 persons in apartments occupied by households the heads of which are foreign-born, and 4.52 persons in apartments occupied by households the heads of which are native-born whites of native father. The households the heads of which are Ruthenians show the highest average number of persons in apartments of 2 rooms, the households the heads of which are Slovaks the highest average number of persons in apartments of 3 rooms, and households the heads of which are Magyars the highest average, which is 6.90 persons, in apartments with 4 rooms. The households the heads of which are Lithuanians show the highest average, which is 5.91 persons, in apartments with 5 rooms, while the households the heads of which are Irish show 6.63 persons in apartments of 6 rooms and 7.86 persons in apartments of 7 or more rooms. The households the heads of which are Magyars show an average of 7.18 persons per apartment, followed by the households the heads of which are Germans and Croatians with an average of over 6 persons per apartment, while the households the heads of which are of all other specified races, except the Lithuanian, show an average of over 5 persons per apartment. The households the heads of which are Lithuanians show an average of 4.81 persons per apartment.

In the table next presented the average number of persons per apartment, per room and per sleeping room, is shown according to general nativity and race of head of household.

TABLE 56.-Average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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In the 525 households studied, the average number of persons per apartment is 5.46; per room, 1.35, and per sleeping room, 2.41. When compared with the native-born of foreign father, the foreignborn show a larger average number of persons per room and per sleeping room and a smaller average number of persons per apartment. Of the foreign-born households studied, the Magyars show the largest average number of persons per apartment and the Croatians and Germans show comparatively large proportions. Each of the other races show an average of from five to six persons occupying each apartment, excepting the Lithuanians, showing less than four. The average number of persons per room in Ruthenian apartments is 1.86 as compared with less than one, or 0.98 person per room in apartments the heads of which are English. Each of the other races show an average of less than two persons per room. The Magyar households average 3.16 persons to each sleeping room. This is the highest average number shown by any race, and the smallest average number of persons per sleeping room is shown by the Germans, 2.04. None

of the other races average less than two or more than three persons per sleeping room.

The table next submitted shows persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household.

TABLE 57.-Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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In the foregoing table is shown a report from 525 households, 80.8 per cent of whom have one or more persons, 24.6 per cent two or more persons, and 4.2 per cent three or more persons to each room, having a general average of 1.35 persons per room. The native-born of native father and the foreign-born, English, are the only groups whose average per room is less than one person. Both Irish and German households show only slightly over one person per room, while Lithuanians, Poles, South Italians, Croatians, Slovaks, Magyars, and Ruthenians average from 1.14 persons to 1.86 persons per room. All Ruthenian, over 95 per cent of Slovak, about 85 per cent of South Italian and Polish employees, over 70 per cent of Lithuanian, and less than 65 per cent of Irish households each report one or more persons per room. Of those households among the foreign-born having two or more persons per room, the Ruthenians, with over 56 per cent, show the highest figure, and the Irish, with slightly over 2 per cent, the lowest.

No Lithuanian and only 1 per cent of the Irish households appear to have as high as three or more persons per room, but the Ruthenians have over 10 per cent and the Poles over 5 per cent, while the Slovaks and South Italians each show under the last figure.

The table following exhibits the range in the number of persons per sleeping room, according to general nativity and race of head of households.

TABLE 58.-Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household,

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In the 525 households studied in this industry the average number of persons per sleeping room is 2.41. Households, the heads of which are foreign-born, report 2.45 persons per sleeping room as compared with 2.10 and 1.86 for households the heads of which are native-born of foreign father and native-born of native father, white, respectively. Among households, the heads of which are foreign-born, the Magyar households, with 3.16, show the highest average number of persons per sleeping room. This average is slightly in excess of that shown for the Croatian, considerably higher than that shown for the Slovak, Ruthenian, South Italian, or Polish, and much higher than that shown for the Irish, English, Lithuanian, or German households, the lastnamed reporting an average of 2.04 persons per sleeping room. Among households having each specified number of persons per sleeping room, it will be noted that 81.1 per cent have 2 or more, 33.9 per cent have 3 or more, 9 per cent have 4 or more, 2.5 per cent have 5 or more, and 0.6 per cent have 6 or more persons per sleeping room. Households, the heads of which are foreign-born, show proportions having each specified number of persons that vary only slightly from those shown in the total for all households. Of households, the heads of which are native-born whites of native father, 47.6 per cent have 2 or more and 19 and 4.8 per cent have 3 or more and 4 or more, respectively, but no households have 5 or more or 6 or more persons per sleeping

room.

Among those households whose heads are foreign-born, a slightly larger proportion of Slovak than Polish or Ruthenian, a considerably larger proportion than South Italian, and a much larger proportion than Lithuanian or Irish households have 2 or more persons, the lastnamed reporting 68.8 per cent. Of households having 3 or more

persons per sleeping room, the proportions of Lithuanians and Irish are much smaller than the proportions of households the heads of which are of any other race, the Slovak households, with 48.3 per cent, again showing the largest proportion. No Lithuanian households have 4 or more and no Irish or South Italian households have 6 or more persons per sleeping room. The proportions of Irish and Polish households having 4 or more and 5 or more and the proportion of Polish households having 6 or more are lower than the proportions shown by those households, the heads of which are of any other race. The following table, which is the final of the series, shows according to general nativity and race of head of household, the number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, indicating the effects upon living arrangements of congestion within the households studied:

TABLE 59.-Number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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Of the total number of households, 34.7 per cent regularly use all except two rooms for sleeping, the greater proportion of households having more than two rooms in which they do not sleep. The proportion of total households sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms reflect very closely the proportion of foreign-born households, since all but 31 are of that type. Only 9.5 per cent of the households of the native-born of native father use all rooms except one to sleep in and a like proportion use all rooms except two. The greater proportion of the Slovaks use either all rooms or all rooms except one to sleep in. The Ruthenians and South Italians in the greater proportion of cases use all rooms except one.

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