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TABLE 21.-Employees of each race for whom information was secured, by sex.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

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Native-born of native father:

White..

Negro.
Native-born of foreign father, by country
of birth of father:

Australia.
Austria-Hungary
Canada.
Cuba...
Denmark.
England
France.
Germany
Ireland.
Italy.
Netherlands.
Norway:
Portugal.
Russia.
Scotland.
Sweden.
Switzerland.
Wales.

West Indies (other than Cuba).
Foreign-born, by race:

Arabian...
Bohemian and Moravian.
Bulgarian
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other
Croatian
Danish.
Dutch
English.
Finnish
French.
German.
Greek
Hebrew, Russian
Hebrew, Other
Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar
Norwegian.
Persian
Polish
Russian.
Ruthenian
Scotch.
Slovak
Slovenian
Swedish
Syrian
Welsh
Australian (race not specified).
Austrian (race not specified).
Belgian (race not specified).
Swiss (race not specified).

Grand total........
Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born.
Total foreign-born..

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4 2.6 2.5 2.2

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1, 289
2,007
4,076

25
31
9

21.2
33.0
67.0

62.5
77.5
22.5

21.5
33.3
66.7

o Less than 0.05 per cent.

Number of employees for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race.

[This chart shows only races represented by 50 or more employees.]

GENERAL NATIVITY AND RACE

300

600

900

1200

NATIVE:BORN OF NATIVE FATHER

WHITE
NATIVE-BORN OF FOREIGN FATHER
BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH OF FATHER

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
ENGLAND
GERMANY

IRELAND
FOREIGN-BORN, BY RACE

CROATIAN
ENGLISH
GERMAN
IRISH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
LITHUANIAN
MAGYAR
POLISH
RUSSIAN
RUTHENIAN
SLOVAK
SWEDISH

Of 6,123 employees for whom information was secured in this industry, 6,083 are males and 40 are females. Of the total number shown in the foregoing table, 66.7 per cent are of foreign birth, 21.5 per cent of the employees are native-born of foreign father, 11.1 per cent are native-born whites of native father, and 0.7 per cent are nativeborn negroes of native father. Of the native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Ireland show 9.6 per cent and the employees whose fathers were born in Germany 6.4 per cent, while none of the employees whose fathers were born in other specified countries show over 2 per cent of the total number for whom information was secured. Of the female employees, 42.5 per cent of the total number shown in the table are of German parentage. Of the employees of foreign birth, the Irish show 13.6 per cent, the Poles 16.8 per cent, and the Slovaks 12.4 per cent; the Germans show 5 per cent, while no employees of other specified races show over 3 per cent of the total number for whom information is secured. The Polish females and the Slovak females show 15 per cent and 7.5 per cent of the total number for whom information was secured, while no females of any other foreign-born races are shown to have furnished information in the foregoing table.

CHAPTER III.

ECONOMIC STATUS.

Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied-Principal

occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United States-General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied-General occupation of women at the present time in the households studied-Occupations entered in the industry-Occupations of the first and second generations compared—Daily earnings—Weekly earnings-Relation between period of residence and earning ability-Annual earnings of male heads of families studied-Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied-Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied—Annual family income-Wives at work-Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives in keeping boarders or lodgers--Sources of family income-Relative importance of the different sources of family income--[Text Tables 22 to 44 and General Tables 6 to 18.]

INDUSTRIAL CONDITION ABROAD OF MEMBERS OF IMMIGRANT HOUSE

HOLDS STUDIED.

In order that a comparison may be made of the condition of the immigrant employees in the oil-refining industry in this country with that while abroad, it is necessary to point out their general industrial status and the principal occupations followed by them before emigrating from their native countries. This is done in the following series of tables, the first of which shows, by race of individual, the industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreignborn males in the households studied who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming to this country.

TABLE 22.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 20 or more males reporting The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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49.9

14.0

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