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Of a total of 4,065 persons, 27 per cent have been in the United States under five years, 24.5 per cent have been here from five to nine years; 11.4 per cent have been here from ten to fourteen years, and 10.7 per cent have been here from fifteen to nineteen years, while 26.4 per cent have been here twenty years or over. Comparatively few Germans, English, and Irish have come to the United States within five years, the large proportion of each of these races having been in the country fifteen years or over, whereas the majority of each of the other races is shown to have a residence in this country of less than ten years.

The table next presented shows, by sex and race, the percentage of foreign-born employees in all localities who had been in the United States each specified number of years.

Table 17.Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States under 1 year, 1 year,

2 years, etc., by sex and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

MALE.

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4,065

1.6

1.9

9.2

7.8

6.5

26.4

Total..

24.5

11.4

10.7

a Not computed, owing to small number involved.

,

This table presents returns from 4,065 persons, of whom 1.6 per cent have been in the United States under one year; 1.9 per cent have been here one year; 9.2 per cent have been here two years; 7.8 per cent, three years; 6.5 per cent, four years; 24.5 per cent, five to nine years; 11.4 per cent, from ten to fourteen years; 10.7 per cent, from fifteen to nineteen years; and 26.4 per cent have been here twenty years or over. No Croatians or Germans, less than 1 per cent of Magyars and English, and less than 5 per cent of every other race have been in this country under one year; less than 5 per cent of each race have been in the country only one year; but comparatively large numbers of South Italians, Russians, Lithuanians, and Croatians have been here but two years. Also a fair proportion of all races excepting the German, English, and Irish are shown to have resided here three years. Less than 10 per cent of all races excepting Magyar and South Italian have been here four years, but comparatively large figures are shown for each race excepting the English, German, and Irish in the column designating those who have lived here from five to nine years. Small proportions of English and German are shown to have a residence of from ten to fourteen years, while the Russians show a comparatively large proportion of such residence. The Germans show 13.7 per cent, and the South Italians 1.9 per cent, who have lived here from fifteen to nineteen years. About 70 per cent of Germans and English, 47 per cent of Irish, 19.1

cent of Slovaks, 16.8 per cent of Magyars, have lived in the United States twenty years or over, while the remaining races show less than 6 per cent to have resided here a similar period.

The last table presented in this connection shows, by race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons who had been in the United States each specified number of years.

. Table 18.—Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number

of years, by race of individual.

per

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is

made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 20 or more persons reporting. The tolal, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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Croatian..
English.
German.
Irish.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Polish..
Ruthenian.
Slovak.

35 20 29 200 286 99 30 369 145 226

82.9
15.0
17.2
20.0
89.5
75.8
26.7
77.5
60.0
48.7

97.1 50.0 27.6 49.5 99.3 98.0 93. 3 96.7 89.0 81.4

3.4 7.0 58.7 37. 4 13.3 47.7 29.0 25. 2

Total...

1, 444

35.6

62.3

85.3

Of 1,444 foreign-born persons reporting, 35.6 per cent have been in the United States under five years, 62.3 per cent have a residence of under ten years, and 85.3 per cent have been in this country under twenty years. The South Italians show the highest percentage who have been in the United States under five years, followed by the Poles and the Croatians, in the order mentioned, showing over 40 per cent having this period of residence. The English show no persons who have been in this country under five years. The South Italians show 89.5 per cent of persons who have been in the United States under ten years, the Croatians somewhat over 80 per cent, and the Poles and the Lithuanians over 75 per cent having this period of residence. The Irish, the Germans, and the English, in the order mentioned, show 20 per cent or under who have been in the United States for the above specified period of time. The South Italians, the Lithuanians, the Croatians, and the Poles show over 95 per cent and the Magyars over 90 per cent who have been in the United States under 20

years,

the Ruthenians and the Slovaks over 80 per cent having this period of residence, while the English show 50 per cent, the Irish 49.5 per cent, and the Germans 27.6 per cent who have been in the United States under twenty years.

RACIAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AT THE PRESENT TIME.

The series of tabulations which are next presented set forth the racial composition of the operating forces of the refineries at the present time. The first table submitted, which follows below, shows, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race in Whiting, Ind., for whom information was secured.

TABLE 19.—Employees of each race for whom information was secured, by sex—

Whiting, Ind.

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Table 19.--Employees of each race for whom information was secured, by sex

Whiting, Ind.-Continued.

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Of 1,300 employees for whom information was secured, 1,260 are males and 40 are females. Of the total number of employees shown in the above table, 69.5 per cent are foreign-born, 16.8 per cent are native-born of foreign father, 13.5 per cent are native whites born of native father, and 0.2 per cent are native negroes born of native father. Of the employees who are native-born of foreign father those whose fathers were born in Germany and Ireland show 7.7 per cent and 3.4 per cent, respectively, while no employees whose fathers were born in other specified countries show over 1.5 per cent of the total number of employees for whom information was secured. The female employees and male employees whose fathers were born in Germany show the highest percentage for whom information was secured of each sex. Of the foreign-born employees the Slovaks show 25.5 per cent, the Poles 10.5 per cent, the Croatians 8.3 per cent, and the Germans 6.8 per cent, while no employees of other races shown in the table exhibit over 6 per cent of the total number for whom information was secured. The Polish female employees and the Slovak female employees show 15 per cent and 7.5 per cent, respectively, while no females of other specified races are shown in the table to have furnished information.

The table next submitted shows the number and percentage of male employees of each race for whom information was secured in Bayonne, N.J.

TABLE 20.- Male employees of each race for whom information was secured

Bayonne, N. J.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

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.1 15.4

.6 4.1 3.4 1.8 .5

Native-born of native father:

White...

Negro..
Native-born of foreign father,
by country of birth of father:
Australia..
Austria-Hungary
Canada.
Denmark.
England.
France.
Germany.
Ireland
Italy.
Netherlands.
Norway.
Russia
Scotland
Sweden.
Switzerland.

Wales..
Foreign-born, by race:

Arabian.
Bohemian and Moravian..
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other
Croatian.
Danish.
Dutch
English..
Finnish
French
German.

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a Less than 0.05 per cent.

The preceding table shows that of 3,725 male employees for whom information was secured, 70.3 per cent are of foreign birth, 19.7 per cent are native-born of foreign father, 9 per cent are native-born whites of native father, and 1 per cent are native-born negroes of native father. Of the employees who are native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Ireland show 9.7 per cent, those whose fathers were born in Germany 4.4 per cent, and those whose fathers were born in Austria-Hungary 2.1 per cent, while no employees whose fathers were born in other specified countries show over 1.5 per cent of the total number for whom information was secured. Of the employees of foreign birth, the Poles show 20.9 per cent, the Irish 15.4 per cent, the Slovaks 11.3 per cent, while no employees of other specified races exhibit as much as 5 per cent of the total number for whom information was secured.

The table and chart which follow set forth, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race in all localities for whom information was secured.

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