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Page. 745 745 746 746 747 748 754
The growth of the industry.
The preparation of the report.
History of immigration....
members of their households...
Racial classification of employees at the present time...
Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied.
keeping boarders or lodgers. Sources of family income..
Relative importance of the different sources of family income.
Reasons for employing immigrants....
The immigrant and organized labor.
Opinions of employers as to the efficiency of immigrant employees...
Progress of immigrants.
Effect of the employment of immigrants upon former employees..
Rent in its relation to standard of living.
780 781 782 782 783 784 784 785 787 789 791 792 792
793 795 797
799 800 802 802 803
808 Page. 823 826 832 833
809 812 815 816 816
CHAPTER VIII.-Salient characteristics:
Age classification of employees and members of their households.
Ownership of homes..
837 838 839 845 847
General explanation of tables.
853 855 923 927 929
THE OIL REFINING INDUSTRY.
The growth of the industry—The increase in the number of employees-Localities
studied--Households studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was secured-Preparation of the report-Employees for whom information was secured—[Text Tables 1 to 11 and General Tables 1 to 3).
THE GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.
The expansion of the oil-refining industry in the country as a whole during the period 1880-1905 may be seen from the fact that in 1880 there was only $27,325,746 invested in refineries and their equipment, while in 1905 the capital commitment was $136,280,541. In 1880, also, the value of the annual product of the refineries was only $43,705,218, as contrasted with the annual output of $175,005,320 in the year 1905. The growth of the industry during this period, both for the United States and the State of New Jersey, is shown in detail in the table below:
Table 1.-Growth of the oil-refining industry in the United States, 1880–1905, and
New Jersey, 1890–1905.
From the standpoint of recent immigration the most significant feature of the growth of the oil-refining industry is to be found in the resultant increase in the number of emplovees, owing to the fact that it was necessary to recruit the increased labor force from immigrant races of southern and eastern Europe. The following table sets forth
the increase in the average number of employees in New Jersey during the period 1890–1905, and in the country as a whole during the period 1880-1905:
Table 2.— The increase in the number of employees in the oil-refining industry in the
United States, 1880–1905, and in New Jersey, 1890–1905.
(Copied from Census records, 1880–1905.]
Although small numbers of individual employees were studied in other localities, by far the greatest emphasis was put upon the study of the industry in Whiting, Ind., and Bayonne, N. J., for the reason that the oil-refining industry of the country is practically centered in these two localities. Detailed information was secured from the employees of the various refineries in these two localities and households, the heads of which were employed at the refineries. Detailed historical and descriptive data were also secured, as well as material bearing upon the industrial effects of immigration.
A total of 525 households the heads of which were employed at the oil refineries were studied in detail. The following table shows, according to general nativity and race of head of household, the number and per cent of the households included in the investigation: Table 3.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)
21.1 10.1 16.6
1.9 2.1 2.9 18.3 13. 1 5.9 2.1
10 31 494
1.9 5.9 94.1 77 1,530
MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR WHOM DETAILED INFORMATION WAS
The table next presented shows by general nativity and race of head of household the persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured: Table 4.- Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.
(STUDY 07 HOUSEHOLDS.)
The following table shows, according to general nativity and race of head of household, the sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, in the households studied: TABLE 5.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity
and race of head of household.
61 155 2,679
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