Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

The purpose of the foregoing table is to compare the first and second generation of children 6 and under 16 years of age of the same race. The Croatian children born abroad show 87 per cent at school and the Croatian children born in the United States 78 per cent.

CITIZENSHIP.

In the Tennessee copper-mining district only 20 foreign-born male employees who had been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming reported their political condition. Of this number 3 were fully naturalized-1 German, 1 Magyar, and 1 Slovak. One German reported having taken out first papers only.

As regards the interest in, and the attainment of, citizenship in the entire district by the operatives of foreign birth, the following table shows by race the present political condition of foreign-born male employees who had been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to this country:

TABLE 62.-Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Of the 1,340 male employees information for whom is presented in the preceding table 40.5 per cent are fully naturalized and only 31.4 per cent have taken out first papers. The Germans, of whom 66.7 per cent are fully naturalized, show the largest proportion of citizens. The proportion of second rank is shown by the Swedes, of whom 54.7 per cent are fully naturalized. The English and Finns each show between 40 and 50 per cent who are fully naturalized. Slightly less than 35 per cent of the North Italians are fully naturalized, while the French Canadians and Croatians each show a proportion smaller than that shown by the North Italians. The French Canadians show the largest proportion of persons who have taken out first papers-58.4 per cent. Between 30 and 40 per cent each of the Swedish, English, Finns, and Germans have taken out first papers. The Croatians, of whom only 19.2 per cent have first papers, show the smallest proportion.

The tendency to acquire citizenship after designated periods of residence in this country is set forth in the following table, which shows, by years in the United States and race, the present political condition of foreign-born male employees who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to the United States:

TABLE 63.-Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to the United States, by years in the United States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

[blocks in formation]

Of the total number of males employed in the copper-mining industry who have been in the United States for from five to nine years only 17.9 per cent are fully naturalized, while 34.5 per cent have taken out first papers. Of those who have been here five years or over the English show the largest proportion fully naturalized, also the largest proportion who have first papers only. The smallest proportion in each column is shown by the North Italians. Of those who have lived in this country for ten years or over, 60.7 per cent are fully naturalized and 28.7 per cent have taken out first papers only; 72.2 per cent of the Finns in this period of residence are fully naturalized as compared with 64.7 per cent for the English and 56.5 per cent for the North Italians. In this period of residence the proportion of persons who have first papers only is greater among the

English than any other race. It is 27.3 per cent for the English, as compared with 21.7 per cent of the North Italians and 20.2 per cent of the Finns.

The following table shows by race of individual the present political condition of foreign-born males in the households studied who had been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to this country:

TABLE 64.-Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Of 284 foreign-born males for whom information was secured, 59.9 per cent are fully naturalized and 25.7 per cent have first papers only. The Poles report the greatest proportion, or 87.1 per cent, who are fully naturalized. The English and Finns follow with 77.3 per cent and 70 per cent, respectively, the North Italians showing slightly less than 60 per cent, and the Croatians 47.1 per cent of males 21 years of age or over at the time of coming to this country who are fully naturalized. The Croatians report over 40 per cent who have first papers only and the North Italians and Finns over 20 per cent. The English show 18.2 per cent and the Poles only 3.2 per cent who have first papers.

ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH.

The table following shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English.

TABLE 65.-Per cent of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all non-English-speaking races.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Upon information secured for a total of 1,822 persons 6 years of age or over, it is seen that 86.9 per cent speak English. A comparision between the males and females shows that a larger proportion of the total number of the former than of the latter have ability to speak English. This is true also of the total foreign-born, while of the total of the native-born of foreign father the females show a slightly larger proportion than the males. Considering the foreignborn by race it is seen that a larger proportion of the males than of the females of each race speak English-the proportion of males ranging from 100 per cent, as shown by the Norwegian, Polish, Slovenian, and Swedish, to 89 per cent, as shown by the Finnish, and the proportion of females ranging from 97.4 per cent, as shown by the Poles, to 32.3 per cent, as shown by the Slovenians. Over 98 per cent of both. the native-born males and females of foreign fathers speak English. The following table shows by race the percentage of foreign-born male employees of non-English-speaking races who speak English:

TABLE 66.—Per cent of foreign-born male employees who speak English, by race. (STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all non-English-speaking races.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

From 3,607 persons reporting complete data it was learned that 52.3 per cent can speak English. Over 95 per cent of the Norwegian, German, and French Canadian employees can speak English; the Swedish show over 80 per cent, the Slovenians, Poles, and South Italians over 60 per cent, and the North Italians over 50 per cent who can speak English. The Croatian, Finnish, Lithuanian, and Magyar employees show between 17.4 per cent and 43.9 per cent who are able to speak English.

The following table shows, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over in the households studied who could speak English.

TABLE 67.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all non-English-speaking races.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The larger proportion of the total number of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English is in the group who were under 14 years of age when they came to the United States. Similarly every specified race, except the Magyar, have a greater proportion speaking English among those who were under 14 at time of coming than among those who were 14 or over. The Magyars, on the contrary, have 85 per cent speaking English in the group who were 14 or over and only 43.8 per cent in the under 14 group, this per cent being the lowest shown in either group for any race.

A most marked relation between the age at time of coming and the proportion who speak English is shown among the Slovenians. In the age group under 14 years 100 per cent speak English; in the group 14 years or over only 57.1 per cent. The latter is the smallest proportion speaking English reported by any race in this group.

The table following shows, by years in the United States and race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over in the households studied who could speak English.

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »