Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

of

age, 20.8

Of 2,881 persons reporting complete data, 19.7 per cent are under 6 years

per cent are from 6 to 13, 4.4 per cent are from 14 to 15, 7.3 per cent are from 16 to 19, 19.8 per cent are from 20 to 29, 21.5 per cent are from 30 to 44, and 6.6 per cent are 45 years of age or over. There is very little difference between proportions of foreign-born and native-born persons in the different age groups except those showing persons from 16 to 19 years of age and 45 years of age or over. In the former foreign-born persons show considerably higher percentages than native-born, while in the latter group native-born show larger proportions than foreign-born. In comparing males and females in the different age groups it is seen that the percentage of females is higher than that of males in all age periods under 16 years, while males show a higher per cent than females in all groups over 16 years of age.

CHAPTER VII.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.

Ownership of homes-Status of children in the households studied-Citizenship

Ability to speak English–[Text Tables 47 to 53 and General Tables 32 to 37).

OWNERSHIP OF HOMES.

The accumulation of property is not only an indication of thrift on the part of the owner, but if the owner is a person of foreign birth it also exhibits a tendency toward permanent settlement in the United States. In this connection the following table, showing the number and percentage of families owning homes, is submitted.

TABLE 47.- Number and per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race

of head of family

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The preceding table shows that 11.4 per cent of the total number of families studied own homes, foreign families showing a slightly smaller percentage than that shown for all families. The Poles show the highest percentage owning homes, followed by Ruthenians and Slovaks in slightly smaller proportions, while Lithuanians show only 7.5 per cent of families owning homes.

STATUS OF CHILDREN IN THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The next table submitted is instructive as indicating the tendency on the part of children in the families studied to attend school. The table shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work.

Table 48.—Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work,

by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 20 or more children reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]

The above table shows that of the total number of children who were 6 and under 16 years of age 27.3 per cent are at home, 63.8 per cent are at school, and 9 per cent are at work. Foreign-born children show a somewhat greater proportion at home than do the native-born of foreign father, the latter showing a considerably higher percentage of their number at school than foreign-born, while foreign-born show a higher percentage at work than native-born of foreign father. Poles report the highest percentage of children at home, Lithuanians the highest percentage at school, and Poles the highest percentage at work.

The table next presented shows the number and percentage of children 6 and under 16 years of age in the households studied who were at home, at school, and at work, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of child.

TABLE 49.- Number and per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at

school, and at work, by general nativity and race father and by birthplace of child.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (This table includes only races with 20 or more children born in the United States and also 20 or more born

abroad. The native-born of native father are shown for comparative purposes.)

[blocks in formation]

a Not computed, owing to small number involved.

The preceding table shows the greatest proportion of children to be at school, a considerably smaller percentage are at home, while the proportion at work is small as compared with the proportion at school and at home. Of the foreign-born races it should be noted that the percentage of children born abroad who are at work is higher than that of children born in the United States.

[ocr errors][merged small]

The extent to which the foreign-born males in the households studied have acquired citizenship or have taken the preliminary steps, is indicated by the table next presented. This table shows, by race of individual, the present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years

of

age or over at time of coming.

TABLE 50.-- Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United

States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)
[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.)

[blocks in formation]

The preceding table shows that 28.4 per cent of foreign-born males reporting are fully naturalized and 8.8 per cent have first papers only. Lithuanians show the greatest proportion fully naturalized and South Italians a comparatively low percentage. Ruthenians show the highest percentage having first papers only and South Italians the lowest.

ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH.

The extent to which foreign-born persons of non-English-speaking races in the households studied are able to speak English is set forth in the following series of tables. The first table presented shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English.

TABLE 51.--Per cent of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by sex and general

nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The totals, how.

ever, are for all non-English-speaking races.]

[blocks in formation]

The above table shows that 64.3 per cent of the total number of persons reporting speak English; 67.9 per cent of males and 58.5 per cent of females are able to speak English. Persons native-born of foreign father show a very much higher percentage of their number able to speak English than foreign-born. It should be further noted that 59 per cent of foreign-born males can speak English as contrasted with 34.8 per cent of foreign-born females. Among persons nativeborn of foreign father all races show a high percentage able to speak English, the Poles alone showing less than 90 per cent. Lithuanians and Ruthenians report a slightly larger proportion of females than of males who can speak English." of the foreign-born races, Slovaks and Ruthenians show over 50 per cent of persons who can speak English, the other races showing somewhat smaller proportions. The table further shows the percentage of males who can speak English to be considerably higher for each race than that of females.

The following table shows the percentage of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over in the households studied who speak English, by race of individual and by age at time of coming to the United States: TABLE 52.- Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The total, how

ever, is for all non-English-speaking races. ) .

Per cent who speak

English, by age at time of coming to United States.

Number reporting complete

data.

Race of individual.

Under 14.

14 or over.

43.8
40. 2

Italian, South
Lithuanian.
Polish..
Ruthenian
Slovak.

77
420
380
317
303

76. 9 89. 5 82. 5 77. 3 89. 8

47.6 63. 4

Totul.

1, 499

84.5

45. 1

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »