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wages as farm laborers. Ruthenians and Lithuanians show small proportions, and Polish and Slovaks no females who were farmers for profit.

GENERAL OCCUPATION OF MALES AT THE PRESENT TIME IN THE

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED,

The table next presented shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the general occupation of males 16 years of age or over in the households studied. Table 12.General occupation of males 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and

race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 20 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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The preceding table shows that 97.5 per cent of the total number of males reporting are employed in the anthracite coal industry, 0.8 per cent are otherwise employed, 1.2 per cent are at home, and 0.4 per cent are at school. Foreign-born show the highest percentage employed in the coal industry, followed in the order named by nativeborn of native father and native-born of foreign father. Nativeborn of native father show the highest percentage at home and nativeborn of foreign father the highest percentage at school. Of the native-born of foreign father, Slovaks show à considerably higher proportion employed in the coal industry than Poles, the last-named race showing 12.9 per cent otherwise employed, at home, and at school. All of the foreign-born races, except Ruthenians, show over 98 per cent of males employed in anthracite coal mines.

GENERAL OCCUPATION OF WOMEN AT THE PRESENT TIME IN THE

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The present industrial status of the females is next presented. The table which follows shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the general occupation of females 16 years of age and over in the households studied.

TABLE 13.-General occupation of females 16 years of age or over, by general nativity

and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 20 or more females reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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The preceding table shows that by far the greatest proportion of females are at home, only 1.3 per cent are in domestic service, and an insignificant proportion are in trade, otherwise employed, or at school. Native-born persons of foreign father show greater proportions in domestic service, in trade, and otherwise employed than do the foreign-born, while the native-born as a whole report the highest percentage at school. Among the several races the Ruthenians show 100 per cent at home, and Lithuanians alone show a proportion of females at school.

OCCUPATIONS ENTERED IN THE INDUSTRY.

The occupations entered in the industry by the members of the different immigrant races employed are set forth in the series of tables next presented. Each table represents a tabulation of a representative colliery or washery and each company is designated by a number.

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TABLE 14.-Number of employees in each colliery, by occupation and nativity.

COLLIERY No. 1.

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Occupation.

Inside labor:

Foremen assistants.
Fire bosses.
Miners (contract).
Miners (day).
Miners' lɛ borers.
Other laborers.
Engineer..
Pumpmen.
Lampman.
Repairmen.
Roadmen
Topmen.
Bottom men
Plane runners.
Switchman and car runner
Fan and door boys.
Spraggers and oilers.
Stablemen.
Drivers
Loader bosses
Loaders..

Total inside labor
Outside labor:

Foreman..
Foremen assistants.
Machinists..
Carpenters.
Blacksmiths and helpers.
Engineers...
Watermen and

pumpmen..
Firemen
Ashmen.
Tipmen..
Platform men.
Feeders.
Chute bosses

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Table 14.-Number of employees in each colliery, by occupation and nativity-Continued.

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Inside labor:

Foreman..
Fire bosses.
Miners (contract).
Miners (day)
Miners' laborers.
Other laborers
Timbermen
Maehinist
Engineers..
Pumpmen.

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