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ANTHRACITE COAL MINING.

CONTENTS.

PART 1.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE ANTHRACITE COAL MINING

INDUSTRY. CHAPTER 1.-Introduction:

Page. Growth of the industry....

587 Increase in the number of employees.

587 Territory studied.

588 Households studied.

588 Members of households for whom detailed information was secured.

588 Preparation of the report.

590 CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements: History of immigration ..

591 Period of residence in the United States of members of immigrant households studied....

593 CHAPTER III.- Economic status:

Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied.. 595 General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied. 598 General occupation of women at the present time in the households studied. 598 Occupations entered in the industry

599 The wage scale.

609 Annual earnings of male heads of families studied .

610 Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied.. 611 Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied. 613 Annual family income..

613 Wives at work ...

614 Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of

keeping boarders or lodgers. Sources of family income.

616 Relative importance of different sources of family income...

618 CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions: Regularity of employment....

619 The immigrant and organized labor.

620 CHAPTER V.--Housing and living conditions: Rent in its relation to standard of living.

623 Boarders and lodgers..

625 Size of apartments occupied

627 Size of households studied.

628 Congestion ...

628 CHAPTER VI.-Salient characteristics: Literacy.

633 Conjugal condition.

635 Age classification of members of households studied.

637 CHAPTER VII.-General progress and assimilation: Ownership of homes.

639 Status of children in the households studied.

639 Citizenship

641 Ability to speak English

641

614

PART II.—THE ANTHRACITE COAL MINING INDUSTRY IN A

REPRESENTATIVE COMMUNITY.

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CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Description of the locality..
General industries ...
Inducements and obstacles to immigration.

Local prejudice ..
CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

History of immigration.

Population
CHAPTER III.-Working conditions:

Mining accidents ..
CHAPTER IV.-Housing and living conditions:

Housing and segregation..
CHAPTER V.-General effects of immigration:

Effects of recent immigration on the community..
Criminality.
Health and sanitation.

Charity
CHAPTER VI.-Immigrant institutions:

Fraternal and other organizations.

Churches...
CHAPTER VII. General progress and assimilation:

Investments..
Americanization.
Libraries....
Street trades.
Progress of immigrants.
Immigrants in business..
Immigrants in the professions.

Citizenship......
General tables.....

General explanation of tables.
List of text tables..
List of general tables..

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PART 1.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE ANTHRACITE COAL

MINING INDUSTRY.

585

PART 1.—GENERAL SURVEY OF THE ANTHRACITE COAL MINING

INDUSTRY.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Growth of the industry-Increase in the number of employees-Territory studied

Households studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was secured-Preparation of the report—Text Tables 1 to 6 and General Tables 1 and 2).

GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.

The expansion of anthracite coal-mining operations in Pennsylvania and in the country as a whole during the period 1870 to 1908 appears in the table below. From this table it is seen that the annual production in 1908 was more than five times as great as it was thirtyeight years before that year.

TABLE 1.-Growth of the production of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania and the United

States, 1870 to 1908.

(Compiled from Production of Coal in 1908. Edward W. Parker.

Resources of the United States.]

U.S. Geological Survey. Mineral

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The increase in the number of anthracite mine workers during the eighteen years, 1890 to 1908, is exhibited in the table which immediately follows. From a glance at the tabulation it is seen that almost 50,000 more men were employed in 1908 than in 1890. The significant feature of this expansion in the operating forces is found in the fact that the larger part of this new body of workers was recruited from races of recent immigration from southern and eastern Europe. 49290°.-VOL 16-11-38

587

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