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ANTHRACITE COAL MINING.
PART 1.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE ANTHRACITE COAL MINING
INDUSTRY. CHAPTER 1.-Introduction:
Page. Growth of the industry....
587 Increase in the number of employees.
587 Territory studied.
588 Households studied.
588 Members of households for whom detailed information was secured.
588 Preparation of the report.
590 CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements: History of immigration ..
591 Period of residence in the United States of members of immigrant households studied....
593 CHAPTER III.- Economic status:
Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied.. 595 General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied. 598 General occupation of women at the present time in the households studied. 598 Occupations entered in the industry
599 The wage scale.
609 Annual earnings of male heads of families studied .
610 Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied.. 611 Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied. 613 Annual family income..
613 Wives at work ...
614 Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of
keeping boarders or lodgers. Sources of family income.
616 Relative importance of different sources of family income...
618 CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions: Regularity of employment....
619 The immigrant and organized labor.
620 CHAPTER V.--Housing and living conditions: Rent in its relation to standard of living.
623 Boarders and lodgers..
625 Size of apartments occupied
627 Size of households studied.
628 Congestion ...
628 CHAPTER VI.-Salient characteristics: Literacy.
633 Conjugal condition.
635 Age classification of members of households studied.
637 CHAPTER VII.-General progress and assimilation: Ownership of homes.
639 Status of children in the households studied.
641 Ability to speak English
PART II.—THE ANTHRACITE COAL MINING INDUSTRY IN A
Description of the locality..
Local prejudice ..
History of immigration.
Mining accidents ..
Housing and segregation..
Effects of recent immigration on the community..
Fraternal and other organizations.
General explanation of tables.
PART 1.—GENERAL SURVEY OF THE ANTHRACITE COAL MINING
Growth of the industry-Increase in the number of employees-Territory studied
Households studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was secured-Preparation of the report—Text Tables 1 to 6 and General Tables 1 and 2).
GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.
The expansion of anthracite coal-mining operations in Pennsylvania and in the country as a whole during the period 1870 to 1908 appears in the table below. From this table it is seen that the annual production in 1908 was more than five times as great as it was thirtyeight years before that year.
TABLE 1.-Growth of the production of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania and the United
States, 1870 to 1908.
(Compiled from Production of Coal in 1908. Edward W. Parker.
Resources of the United States.]
U.S. Geological Survey. Mineral
The increase in the number of anthracite mine workers during the eighteen years, 1890 to 1908, is exhibited in the table which immediately follows. From a glance at the tabulation it is seen that almost 50,000 more men were employed in 1908 than in 1890. The significant feature of this expansion in the operating forces is found in the fact that the larger part of this new body of workers was recruited from races of recent immigration from southern and eastern Europe. 49290°.-VOL 16-11-38