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It appears from the preceding table that 44.6 per cent of the male employees from 20 to 29 years of age, for whom information was secured, are married as compared with 79.2 per cent of the male employees from 30 to 44 years of age, 82.2 per cent of the male employees 45 years of age or over, and 64 per cent of all employees 20 years of age or over. Of the employees from 20 to 29 years of age, 2.3 per cent are widowed as compared with 4.5 per cent of the employees from 30 to 44 years of age, 11.5 per cent of the employees 45 years of age or over, and 4.6 per cent of all employees 20 years of

age or over. The proportion of employees from 20 to 29 years of age and from 30 to 44 years of age who are married, and the proportion of all employees 20 years of age or over who are married is largest for whites native-born of native father, second for the negroes native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born. On the other hand, the proportion of male employees 45 years of age or over who are married is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the whites native-born of native father, and smallest for the negroes native-born of native father. The South Italians have a larger proportion of employees from 30 to 44, 45 years of age or over, and 20 years of age or over, respectively, who are married, and a smaller proportion

of employees from 20 to 29 years of age who are married, than is reported for all the foreign-born.

The most significant question of the conjugal condition of married employees of foreign birth was found in the inquiry as to the location of their wives. In this connection the following tables show, by race of husband, the number and the per cent of foreign-born husbands who reported wife in the United States and the percentage who reported wife abroad. The South Italian is the only race appearing in sufficient numbers for the computation of percentages.

Table 176.- Location of wives of foreign-born employees, by race of husband.

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TABLE 177.Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [[ This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

born.)

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Of the foreign-born husbands for whom information was secured 68 per cent report wives in the United States. The proportion of husbands reporting wives in the United States is slightly smaller for the South Italians than for all foreign-born.

VISITS ABROAD.

The extent to which the foreign-born miners visit their native lands for a long or short period is exhibited by the tables following, which show, by years in the United States and race, visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees. The South Italian is the only race appearing in sufficient numbers for the computation of percentages.

TABLE 178.- Visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
(By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.)

In United States under 5 years. In United States 5 to 9 years.

In United States 10 years or

over.

Total.

Number reporting

Number reporting

Race.

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Number reporting-
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plete
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Num-

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Table 179.– Visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United

States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

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From the percentage table it appears that 12.5 per cent of the foreign-born male employees for whom information was secured who have been in the United States under five years have made one or more visits abroad, as compared with 10.4 per cent of the employees who have been here from five to nine years, 35.7 per cent of the employees who have been here ten years or over, and 15.4 per cent of all foreignborn male employees. The proportion of employees who have been in the United States from five to nine years, who have made visits abroad, is slightly larger for the South Italians than for all foreignborn employees, but the proportion of employees who have been here under five years who have made visits abroad is much larger for all the total foreign-born than for the South Italians. None of the South Italians who have been here ten years or over have made visits abroad.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES.

As regards the age characteristics of the operating force of the Alabama iron ore mines, the following table shows, by general nativity and race, the percentage of male employees within each age group. TABLE 180.—Per cent of male employees within each age group, by general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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It appears from the foregoing table that 1 per cent of the male employees for whom information was secured are under 14 years of age, 13.1 per cent from 14 to 19, 19.1 per cent from 20 to 24, 19.9 per cent from 25 to 29, 15.3 per cent from 30 to 34, 18 per cent from 35 to 44, 11.6 per cent from 45 to 54, and only 2 per cent 55 or over. The proportion of employees from 14 to 19 and from 25 to 29 years years of age, respectively, is largest for the whites native-born of native father, second largest for the negroes native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born; the proportion of employees from 20 to 24 years of age is largest for the whites native-born of native father, second largest for the foreign-born, and smallest for the negroes native-born of native father; the proportion of employees from 35 to 44 years of age is largest for the negroes native-born of native father, second largest for the whites native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born; and the proportion of employees from 30 to 34, from 45 to 54, and 55 years of age or over, respectively, is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the negroes native-born of native father, and smallest for the whites native-born of native father. A larger proportion of the North Italians than of the South Italians are from 20 to 24, from 25 to 29, and from 35 to 44 years of age, respectively, and a larger proportion of the South Italians than of the North Italians are from 14 to 19, from 30 to 34, from 45 to 54, and 55 years of age or over, respectively.

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