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PREPARATION OF THE DATA.
In preparing the data for publication the same geographical divisions were observed as were adopted in making the investigation, for the reason that different conditions of employment obtain in the three mining regions studied. Part I of the report, which is concerned with the industry as a whole, is purely statistical and embodies the results of the study of employees and their households. Parts II and III comprise a general statistical survey of the industry in Minnesota and Michigan, based on the information secured from employees, together with historical and detailed descriptive data relative to racial movements to, and working and living conditions upon, the iron-ore mining ranges of the two States. Part IV, with the exception of a brief history of immigration to the iron-ore mines, is a purely statistical study of the status of employees in the Alabama iron-ore mining district.
EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.
In addition to the households studied, detailed information was secured for 8,281 iron-ore mine workers. The following table and accompanying chart show the number of male employees of each race for whom information was secured:
TABLE 7.-Male employees of each race for whom information was secured.
Number of employees for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race. [This chart shows only races represented by 50 or more employees.]
The following table shows, by locality, the race of male employees for whom information was secured:
TABLE 8.-Race of male employees for whom information was secured, by locality; per cent distribution.
Of the total number of employees in the iron-ore mining industry for whom information was secured, 52.6 per cent are foreign-born, 47.4 per cent are native-born, and 4.3 per cent are native-born of foreign father. The foreign-born represent a larger proportion of the total number of persons in Minnesota than in either of the other localities. There are no employees native-born of foreign father in Alabama. In each of the other localities the native-born of foreign father represent less than 10 percent of the total number of employees in the locality. In Alabama 67.1 per cent of the total number of employees are negroes, native-born of native father, while 27.3 per cent are whites, native-born of native father. In each of the other localities the proportion of persons who are native-born of native father is very small. The North and South Italian are the only foreign-born races that represent more than 1 per cent of the total number of persons in Alabama. In Michigan 18.7 per cent of the total number of employees for whom information was secured are North Italians, while 22.9 per cent are Finnish. In Minnesota 23.7 per cent of the total number of employees for whom information was secured are foreign-born Finnish and only 3.5 per cent are native-born of native father, whites. Slightly more than 10 per cent are Croatians, while 17.4 per cent are Slovenian. The English, North and South Italians, Montenegrins, Poles, and Slovaks are also represented in large numbers in Minnesota.
Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees and members of their households-Racial classification of employees at the present time [Text Tables 9 to 14 and General Tables 4 and 5].
PERIOD OF RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF FOREIGN-BORN EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSEHOLDS.
The character of recent and past immigration to the iron-ore mines may be seen from the series of tables next presented, which exhibit the period of residence in this country of employees of foreign birth. The period of residence in the United States and length of employment in the iron-ore mines are not necessarily identical, but they approximate each other. The table first presented and accompanying chart show, by race, the percentage of foreign-born male employees who had been in the United States each specified number of years.
TABLE 9.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States under 1 year, 1 year, 2 years, etc., by race.
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is, made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]