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HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

In the course of the investigation of the iron-ore mining industry in Minnesota, Michigan, and Alabama a detailed study was made of 255 households the heads of which were engaged in iron-ore mining. The following table shows the number and per cent of households studied, according to general nativity and race of head of household.

Table 3.- Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured. Table 4.—Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was

secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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The table next presented sets forth, by general nativity and race of head of household, the sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured in the households studied.

Table 5.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity

and race of head of household.

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The following table shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the persons for whom detailed information was secured in the households studied.

Table 6.- Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativit

and race of individual.

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Native-born of native father, White...
Native-born of foreign father, by race of
father:
Canadian (other than French).
Croatian..
Danish.
English.
Finnish.
German.
Italian, South..
Norwegian.
Slovak
Slovenian.

Swedish.
Foreign-born:

Bulgarian.
Canadian (other than French).
Croatian.
Danish.
English.
Finnish
German.
Italian, South.
Norwegian.
Slovak.
Slovenian..
Swedish..

Grand total..
Total native-born of foreign father..
Total native-born.
Total foreign-born..

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515

505

1,050

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219 255 290

210
253
252

429
508
542

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PREPARATION OF THE DATA.

In preparing the data for publication the same geographical divisions were observed as were adopted in making the investigation, for the reason that different conditions of employment obtain

in the three mining regions studied. Part I of the report, which is concerned with the industry as a whole, is purely statistical and embodies the results of the study of employees and their households. Parts II and III comprise a general statistical survey of the industry in Minnesota and Michigan, based on the information secured from employees, together with historical and detailed descriptive data relative to racial movements to, and working and living conditions upon, the iron-ore mining ranges of the two States. Part IV, with the exception of a brief history of immigration to the iron-ore mines, is a purely statistical study of the status of employees in the Alabama iron-ore mining district.

EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.

In addition to the households studied, detailed information was secured for 8,281 iron-ore mine workers. The following table and accompanying chart show the number of male employees of each race for whom information was secured:

TABLE 7.- Male employees of each race for whom information was secured.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

General nativity and race.

Per cent
Number. distribu-

tion.

General nativity and race.

Per cent Number. distribu

tion.

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Native-born of native father:

White..

Negro...
Native-born of foreign father,
by country of birth of father:
Austria-Hungary.
Canada.
Denmark..
England..
Finland.
France
Germany
Ireland.
Italy.
Netherlands
Norway.
Russia.
Scotland.
Sweden..

Switzerland.
Foreign-born, by race:

Bohemian and Moravian..,
Bulgarian..
Canadian, French
Canadian, Other..
Croatian.
Danish.
Dutch..
English.
Finnish
Flemish
German.
Greek.
Hebrew, Russian.

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8

Foreign-born, by race-Con.

Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Italian (not specified)..
Lithuanian.
Macedonian.
Magyar.
Mexican..
Montenegrin..
Norwegian.
Polish,
Roumanian.
Russian
Ruthenian.
Scotch.
Servian..
Slovak.
Slovenian.
Spanish
Swedish.
Syrian..
Welsh
Austrian (race not speci-

fied)..
Belgian (race not speci-

fied)...

Grand total..
Total native-born of foreign

father...
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born.

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Number of employees for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race.

[This chart shows only races represented by 50 or more employees.)

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The following table shows, by locality, the race of male employees for whom information was secured:

Table 8.- Race of male employees for whom information was secured, by locality; per

cent distribution.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

Per cent distribution in each specified locality.

General nativity and race.

Alabama. Michigan. Minnesota.

Total ironore mining.

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Native-born of native father:

White..

Nego.
Vative-born of foreign father, hy country of birth of
father:

Austria-Hungary.
Canada..
Denmark.

ngland.
inland.

rance.
Germany
Ireland.
Italy.
Netherlands.
Sorway.
Russia.
Scotland.
Sweden

Switzerland.
Foreign-bom, by race:

Bohemnian and Moravian.
Bulgarian..
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other.
Croatian.
Danish..
Dutch.
English.
Finnish
Flemish..
German.
Greek.
Hebrew, Russian.
Irish.
Italian, North..
Italian, South..
Italian (not specified).
Lithuanian..
Macedonian.
Magyar...
Mexican.
Montenegrin.
Norwegian.
Polish,
Roumanian
Russian.
Ruthenian.
Scotch.
Servian
Slovak
Slovenian.
Spanish
Swedish.
Syrian..
Welsh.
Austrian (race not citi
Belgian (race not specified)..

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Grand total.....
Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born.

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

.0 94.4 5.6

8.8 10.9 89.1

5. 9 9.4 90.6

4. 3 47. 4 52.6

a Less than 0.05 per cent.

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