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IRON ORE MINING.

CONTENTS.

PART 1.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE IRON ORE MINING INDUSTRY.

227

CHAPTER 1.-Introduction:

Page.

205 Development of the industry. Households studied...

207 Members of households for whom detailed information was secured. 207

209 Preparation of the data...

209 Employees for whom information was secured.. CHAPTER 11.-Racial displacements: Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees and

213 members of their households......

218 Racial classification of employees at the present time CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

223 Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied.. Princi pal occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United States..

228 General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied.

229 General occupation of women at the present

time in the households studied

230 Weekly earnings..

233 Relation between period of residence and earning ability.

236 Annual earnings of male heads of families studied.

238 Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied..

239 Annual family income. Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of

240 keeping boarders or lodgers.... Sources of family income..

242

244 Relative importance of different sources of family income CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions:

247 Regularity of employment...

248 The immigrant and organized labor.. CHAPTER V.Housing and living conditions: Rent in its relation to standard of living.

249 Boarders and lodgers....

252 Size of a partments occupied.

254 Size of households studied.

255

256 CHAPTER VI.-Salient characteristics:

261 Conjugal condition.

265 271

273 CHAPTER VII.-General progress and assimilation:

Age classification of employees and members of their households.
Ownership of homes...

277 households studied.

278

278 Ability to speak English....

282 199

Congestion.
Literacy
Visits abroad..

Citizenship..

PART II.—THE IRON ORE MINING INDUSTRY IN MINNESOTA.

294

304

CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Page. Description of the Mesabi and Vermillion ranges.

291 The development of iron-ore mining...

292 Iron ore production...

293 The extent of the territory studied.

293 Households studied...

293 Members of households for whom detailed information was secured. Employees for whom information was secured.

296 CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements: History of immigration....

297 Present population of the ranges..

300 Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees and members of their households...

302 Racial classification of employees at the present time. Reasons for employing immigrants.....

304 CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied.. 307 Principal occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United States..

310 General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied. 311 General occupation of women at the present time in the households studied. 312 Occupations in the mines entered by immigrants...

313 Weekly earnings..

315 Relation between period of residence and earning ability.

316 Annual earnings of male heads of families studied.

318 Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied.. 320 Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied. 321 Annual family income..

321 Wives at work...

322 Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of keeping boarders or lodgers...

322 Sources of family income...

324 Relative importance of different sources of family income..

326 CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions: Mining methods..

329 Labor employed in the several systems of mining on the Mesabi Range. 330 Hours worked per day.

330 Regularity of employment.. Wage payments... Mining accidents.... Hospital and medical service... Company accident insurance..

334 Fraudulent employment practices.

335 The immigrant and organized labor.

336 CHAPTER V.- Industrial progress and efficiency: Progress of immigrants.

339 Racial efficiency.

340 Saloons, and the use of intoxicants as affecting efficiency.

341 CHAPTER VÍ.-Industrial and other effects of immigration: Establishment of new industries..

343 The effect of the employment of recent immigrants upon the former employees in the lumber and mining industries.

343 Diseases on the ranges..

344 CHAPTER VII.-Housing and living conditions: General housing and living conditions...

347 Methods and cost of living on the Mesabi Range

350 Rent in its relation to standard of living.

351 Boarders and lodgers....

353 Size of apartments occupied Size of households studied.. Congestion...

333 350 356

Page. 361 365 369 370

CHAPTER VIII.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy.
Conjugal condition.
Visits abroad...

Age classification of employees and members of their households
CHAPTER IX.-General progress and assimilation:

Ownership of homes..
School facilities and attendance..
Churches and church facilities..
Citizenship....
Ability to speak English..

373 373 376 377 380

389 390

391 396 402 408 409 409

PART III. -THE IRON ORE MINING INDUSTRY IN MICHIGAN. CHAPTER 1.-Introduction:

The Michigan iron-ore ranges...

Employees for whom information was secured..
CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

History of immigration to the Marquette Range
History of immigration to the Menominee Range..
History of immigration to the Gogebic Range...
Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees .
Racial classification of employees at the present time...

Reasons for employing immigrants....
CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Principal occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United

States..
Weekly earnings..

Relation between period of residence and earning ability
CHAPTER IV.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy....
Conjugal condition.
Visits abroad....

Age classification of employees..
CHAPTER V.-General progress and assimilation:

Citizenship..
Ability to speak English..
Employers' opinions of recent immigrants .

413 414 415

417 418 421 422

425 426 428

433 433

435 436

437 438

PART IV.—THE IRON ORE MINING INDUSTRY IN ALABAMA. CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Scope of the study.....

Employees for whom information was secured.. CHAPTER 11.-Racial displacements:

Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees .

Racial classification of employees at the present time.... CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Principal occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United

States..

Weekly earnings.
CHAPTER IV.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy.
Conjugal condition.
Visits abroad....

Age classification of employees..
CHAPTER V.-General progress and assimilation:

Citizenship...,

Ability to speak English..
General tables......

General explanation of tables.
List of text tables..
List of general tables.
List of charts...

441 441 444 446

449 449

453 455 567 575 580

PART 1.–GENERAL SURVEY OF THE IRON ORE

MINING INDUSTRY.

48290° — VOL 16-11-14

203

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