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The following table and charts show the number and percentage of male employees of each race for whom information was secured:

TABLE 6. Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

General nativity and race.

Per cent Number. distribu

tion.

Per cent Number, distribu

tion.

1,304

3

21.1 (a)

9 1

2 126

42 543 57 40 114 41 73

.1 (a)

3.3 (a) 3.8

9

15

Native-born of native father:

White.

Negro. Native-born of foreign father, by country of birth of father: Austria-Hungary. Belgiun.. Canads. Denmark, England. Finland. France. Germany Ireland Italy Netherlands Norway. Russia. Scotland.. Sweden.. Switzerland. Wales.. South America (country

(a)

1,8

.6 7.6 .8 .6 1.6

.6 1.0 .1 .3 .1 .2 .1 .1 2.2

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(a)

6 158 113

1

NON

2

1

(a)

1

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2

1 294

78 500

3

General nativity and race.

1 2.7 1. 2

not specified).. Foreign-born, by race:

Bohemian and Moravian
Bulgarian.
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other..
Croatian..
Danish
Dutch
English..
Finnish

1.6 (a)

Foreign-born, by race Cont'd.

French.
German.
Irish...
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Luthuanian.
Magyar.
Norwegian.
Polish.
Portuguese
Roumanian.
Russian..
Scotch..
Servian.
Slovak.
Slovenian.
Swedish.
Syrian..
Welsh..
Australian (race not speci-

fied).
Austrian (race not speci-

fied)..
Belgian (race not speci-

fied)..
Swiss (race not specified).

Grand total...

7, 128

100.0

1
835
1,531

(a)
(a)

4.1
1.1

7.0
(a)
(a)
11.7

21.5

Total native-born of foreign

father..
Total native-born.
Total foreign-born..

969
2, 476
4,652

13.6 34. 7 65. 3

a Less than 0.05 per cent.

48290°

VOL 10-11

Number of employees of each general nativity for whom detailed information was secured.

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Number af male employees for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race.

(This chart shows only races represented by 50 or more employees.)

GENERAL NATIVITY AND RACE .

400

800

1200

1600

NATIVE-BORNOF NATIVE FATHER

WHITE
NATIVE-BORN OF FOREIGN FATHER
BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH OF FATHER

CANADA
ENGLAND
FINLAND
GERMANY

IRELAND
FOREIGN-BORN, BY RACE

CANADIAN, FRENCH
CANADIAN, OTHER
CROATIAN
ENGLISH
FINNISH
GERMAN
ITALIAN, NORTH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
MAGYAR
POLISH
SLOVENIAN
SWEDISH

THE PREPARATION OF THE REPORT.

In preparing the data collected for publication two general divisions have been observed, as follows:

Part I. General survey of the industry.
Part II. Study of the industry in Michigan.

The tabulations which appear in Part II are based upon the information secured for employees; those for Part I include both employees and households. Four separate tabulations for the Tennessee mining employees have also been made and appear in Part I.

CHAPTER II.

RACIAL DISPLACEMENTS. History of immigration-Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born

employees and members of their households-Racial classification of employees at the present time--[Text Tables 7 to 11 and General Tables 4 and 5).

HISTORY OF IMMIGRATION.

.

No statistics which afford any insight into the racial movements to the several copper-mining districts or set forth the nativity or race of employees of the industry during past years are available. The racial movements to the copper mines of Tennessee have occurred within the past few years and have been the result of the efforts of the operators in that region to attract immigrant employees in order to meet the demand for labor growing out of the extension of mining operations and the inadequacy of the native labor supply. The history of immigration to the Michigan copper-mining range is set forth in detail in Part II of this report.a PERIOD OF RESIDENCE IN THE UNITED STATES OF FOREIGN-BORN

EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSEHOLDS. The character of recent and past immigration to the copper mines may be readily seen from the series of tabulations which follows, showing the period of residence in the United States of foreign-born mine workers and members of their households. Length of residence in this country and period of employment are not necessarily identical but they closely approximate each other. The first table and chart submitted embrace the same data as the table following but present it in a more summary form. All the employees with a period of residence of less than five years appear in one group. Table 7.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified

number of years, by race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

Number

Per cent in United States each specified number of reporting complete

15 to 19. 20 or over.

years.

Race.

data.

Under 5.

5 to 9.

10 to 14.

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Total.

4,622

45. 3

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20.8

a See Chapter II, Part II.

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