« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
S. Con. Res. 32
FOR PLANNING FOR PEACE
MAY 11 AND 12, 1965
Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman
JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama
BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa
CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
Amter, Joseph A., Committee for Research on the Development of
International Institutions, National Citizens Committee for
Andrews, Stanley M., chairman, Americans for National Security,
Benoit, Prof. Emile, Americans for Democratic Action, Washing-
Cleveland, Harlan, Assistant Secretary of State for International
Cohen, Benjamin V., for the National Committee for a Sane Nuclear
Policy, Inc., Washington, D.C.
Cox, Eric, Washington, D.C.
Eberly, John H., Washington representative for the Church of the
Eichelberger, Clark M., chairman, Commission To Study the Orga-
nization of Peace, New York, N.Y..........
Fisher, Adrian, Deputy Director, Arms Control and Disarmament
Hardy, T. Walter, Jr., president, Hardy Salt Co., St. Louis, Mo...
Hicks, W. B., Jr., executive secretary, Liberty Lobby, Washington,
D.C.; accompanied by Kevin J. Cullinane.
Huntington, William R., on behalf of the American Friends Service
Committee and the Friends Committee on National Legislation;
accompanied by Edward F. Snyder, executive secretary_
Javits, the Honorable Jacob K., U.S. Senator from the State of New
Jones, Robert E., director, Washington office, Unitarian Universalist
MacIntyre, L. D., special representative, National Women's Con-
ference of the American Ethical Union, Bethesda, Md..
Persinger, Mrs. Richard B., in behalf of the National Board of the
Southard, Shelby, assistant director, Washington office, Cooperative
Stanley, C. Maxwell, president, Stanley Engineering Co., Muscatine,
Steel, Bernice, Women Strike for Peace, Washington, D.C.
Tydings, the Honorable Joseph D., U.S. Senator from the State of
Senate Concurrent Resolution 32, 89th Congress, 1st session_
Statement of U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
Statement of Department of State..
Resolution by Board of Christian Social Concerns regarding peace
“Vietnam—A Proposal for the Modification of the President's Policy,"
White House press release on President's Cabinet Committee for
International Cooperation Year..
International Cooperation Year: A proclamation by the President_
Excerpts from remarks by President Johnson on signing International
Insertions for the record-Continued
Statement of Mr. Rudolph T. Danstedt, National Association of
Statement of James G. Patton, National Farmers Union..
Statement of Senator George McGovern__
Statement of Senator Frank E. Moss___
Statement of Senator William Proxmire.
Statement of Ambassador Adlai Stevenson_
Statement of Mr. Herman Will, General Board of Christian Social
Concerns and the Methodist Church___
Statement of Senator Harrison Williams, Jr..
Members of the National Citizens Commission for International
Additional statements and letters submitted for the record:
Statement of Senator Edward V. Long-
Statement of Senator Gale McGee...
Statement of Senator Claiborne Pell..
Statement of Senator Jennings Randolph-
Statement of Mayor Theodore McKeldin, Baltimore, Md..
Statement of American Legion, Dallas, Tex..
Letter of Mrs. Fred H. Rindge, Rye, N. Y.
Letter of Mrs. Ruth Forbes Young, Paoli, Pa.
Statement of Walter S. Orlinsky, young democratic national com-
Statement of the National Council of Women of the United States...
Statement of Rodney D. Driver, Albuquerque, N. Mex...
Letter of Bernard Feld, Council for a Livable World, Washington,
Statement of Howard and Harriet Kurtz, War Control Planners, Inc.,
Statement of Daniel Flaherty, American National Catholic Weekly
Letter of David Darrin.
Letter of Everett L. Millard, CURE..
Statement of Dr. Dorothy Hutchinson, Womens International League
Statement of Andrew Rice, American Veterans Committee.
Statement of A. J. G. Priest, professor of law, University of Virginia..
Letter of Norman Bradley, Philadelphia, Pa..
Letter of William J. Howell, Chicago, Ill...
Letter of William F. Fischer, Philadelphia, Pa...
Letter of Jerry Voorhis, Cooperative League of the U.S.A., Chicago,
Supplementary statement, New York Metropolitan region women
strike for peace.......
Statement of Grenville Clark, Dublin, N.H.
Statement of Norman Cousins, Saturday Review
Letter of Robert M. Stein, American Ethical Union-
Letter of Eldon P. Roe, Cleveland, Ohio---
PLANNING FOR PEACE
TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1965
UNITED STATES SENATE,
The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:05 a.m. in room 4221, New Senate Office Building, Senator John Sparkman presiding. Present: Senators Sparkman (presiding), Church, Lausche, Clark, and Aiken.
Senator SPARKMAN. Let the committee come to order, please. We expect several other Senators to be here, but we have quite a list of witnesses, so I think we had better get started.
The subject for the hearing this morning is S. Con. Res. 32, the socalled Planning for Peace resolution. This resolution was introduced by Senator Clark for himself and 25 cosponsors on April 8.
(S. Con. Res. 32 is as follows:)
[S. Con. Res. 32, 89th Cong., 1st sess.]
Whereas it is the policy of the United States, as stated by President Johnson in his communication to the Congress on arms control on January 15, 1965, to be "vigilant for opportunities for improving the hopes for peace"; and
Whereas the steps taken toward peace in the past four years, including the adoption of the limited nuclear test ban treaty, the hot line agreement, the United Nations resolution against weapons in space, and the pursuit of a policy of mutual example in reducing excessive defense expenditures, have contributed to the relaxation of international tensions; and
Whereas these developments have enhanced the prospect for the negotiation of further international agreements based upon mutual interest and calculated to advance the cause of world peace; and
Whereas the basic purpose of United States foreign policy is the achievement of a just and lasting peace, which can best be attained through the development of the rule of law in the international community; and
Whereas the United Nations General Assembly, at its fourteenth session, ununanimously adopted "the goal of general and complete disarmament under effective international control", and called upon governments "to make every effort to achieve a constructive solution of this problem"; and
Whereas President Eisenhower stated on September 22, 1960, to the Fifteenth General Assembly, "Thus, we see as our goal, not a superstate above nations, but a world community embracing them all, rooted in law and justice and enhancing the potentialities and common purposes of all peoples"; and
Whereas President Kennedy stated on September 25, 1961, that we must create "worldwide law and law enforcement as we outlaw worldwide war and weapons", and stated further on June 10, 1963, that "our primary long-range interest" is "general and complete disarmament-designed to take place by stages, permitting parallel political developments to build the new institutions of peace which would take the place of arms"; and