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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
S. Con. Res. 32
FOR PLANNING FOR PEACE
MAY 11 AND 12, 1965
Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkansas, Chairman
JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama
BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER, Iowa
CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
Benoit, Prof. Emile, Americans for Democratic Action, Washing-
Cleveland, Harlan, Assistant Secretary of State for International
Cox, Eric, Washington, D.C.
Eberly, John H., Washington representative for the Church of the
Jones, Robert E., director, Washington office, Unitarian Universalist
MacIntyre, L. D., special representative, National Women's Con-
ference of the American Ethical Union, Bethesda, Md..
Persinger, Mrs. Richard B., in behalf of the National Board of the
Southard, Shelby, assistant director, Washington office, Cooperative
“Vietnam—A Proposal for the Modification of the President's Policy,"
Insertions for the record-Continued
Statement of Mr. Rudolph T. Danstedt, National Association of
Statement of Howard and Harriet Kurtz, War Control Planners, Inc.,
Statement of Daniel Flaherty, American National Catholic Weekly
Letter of David Darrin.
Letter of Everett L. Millard, CURE..
Statement of Dr. Dorothy Hutchinson, Womens International League
Statement of Andrew Rice, American Veterans Committee.
Supplementary statement, New York Metropolitan region women
strike for peace.......
PLANNING FOR PEACE
TUESDAY, MAY 11, 1965
UNITED STATES SENATE,
The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:05 a.m. in room 4221, New Senate Office Building, Senator John Sparkman presiding. Present: Senators Sparkman (presiding), Church, Lausche, Clark, and Aiken.
Senator SPARKMAN. Let the committee come to order, please. We expect several other Senators to be here, but we have quite a list of witnesses, so I think we had better get started.
The subject for the hearing this morning is S. Con. Res. 32, the socalled Planning for Peace resolution. This resolution was introduced by Senator Clark for himself and 25 cosponsors on April 8.
(S. Con. Res. 32 is as follows:)
[S. Con. Res. 32, 89th Cong., 1st sess.]
Whereas it is the policy of the United States, as stated by President Johnson in his communication to the Congress on arms control on January 15, 1965, to be "vigilant for opportunities for improving the hopes for peace"; and
Whereas the steps taken toward peace in the past four years, including the adoption of the limited nuclear test ban treaty, the hot line agreement, the United Nations resolution against weapons in space, and the pursuit of a policy of mutual example in reducing excessive defense expenditures, have contributed to the relaxation of international tensions; and
Whereas these developments have enhanced the prospect for the negotiation of further international agreements based upon mutual interest and calculated to advance the cause of world peace; and
Whereas the basic purpose of United States foreign policy is the achievement of a just and lasting peace, which can best be attained through the development of the rule of law in the international community; and
Whereas the United Nations General Assembly, at its fourteenth session, ununanimously adopted "the goal of general and complete disarmament under effective international control", and called upon governments "to make every effort to achieve a constructive solution of this problem"; and
Whereas President Eisenhower stated on September 22, 1960, to the Fifteenth General Assembly, "Thus, we see as our goal, not a superstate above nations, but a world community embracing them all, rooted in law and justice and enhancing the potentialities and common purposes of all peoples"; and
Whereas President Kennedy stated on September 25, 1961, that we must create "worldwide law and law enforcement as we outlaw worldwide war and weapons", and stated further on June 10, 1963, that "our primary long-range interest" is "general and complete disarmament-designed to take place by stages, permitting parallel political developments to build the new institutions of peace which would take the place of arms"; and