Legislation to Deny Tax Exemption to Racially Discriminatory Private Schools: Hearing Before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session, February 1, 1982
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982 - 283 lappuses
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action administrative affirmed Amendment announced Appeals applied appropriations Ashbrook assistance Attorney authority basis of race believe bill Bob Jones University brief CHAIRMAN charitable church Civil Rights clear Committee concern concluded Congress congressional constitutional construction continue contributions December decision deductions deny tax exemptions Department Deputy determine District Court educational effect enacted exempt status fact Federal filed further going Government grant Green grounds held House indicated institutions intent Internal Revenue Code Internal Revenue Service interpretation involved issue January Jones and Goldsboro Justice language legislation Lott matter meaning Memorandum Mississippi operated organizations position practice private schools procedures proposed public policy question racial discrimination racially discriminatory regarding regulations religious Revenue Act revoke ruling Secretary section 501 Senator Service's statement statutory suggest Supreme Court tax exemptions tax-exempt status term tion Treasury United violate White
118. lappuse - ... Corporations, and any community chest, fund, or foundation, organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary, or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, and which does not...
163. lappuse - And here this principle is given special force by the equally venerable principle that the construction of a statute by those charged with its execution should be followed unless there are compelling indications that it is wrong, especially when Congress has refused to alter the administrative construction.
86. lappuse - Charity' in its legal sense comprises four principal divisions: trusts for the relief of poverty; trusts for the advancement of education; trusts for the advancement of religion; and trusts for other purposes beneficial to the community, not falling under any of the preceding heads.
159. lappuse - No appropriation shall be reported in any general appropriation bill, or be in order as an amendment thereto, for any expenditure not previously authorized by law, unless in continuation of appropriations for such public works and objects as are already in progress.
130. lappuse - Unrelated, trade or business (a) General rule. The term "unrelated trade or business" means, in the case of any organization subject to the tax imposed by section 511, any trade or business the conduct of which is not substantially related (aside from the need of such organization for income or funds or the use it makes of the profits derived) to the exercise or performance by such organization of its charitable, educational, or other purpose or function constituting the basis for its exemption...
123. lappuse - The exemption from taxation of money or property devoted to charitable and other purposes is based upon the theory that the Government is compensated for the loss of revenue by its relief from financial burden which would otherwise have to be met by appropriations from public funds, and by the benefits resulting from the promotion of the general welfare.
87. lappuse - ... organized and operated exclusively for the mutual benefit of their members, nor to any corporation or association organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, or educational purposes, no part of the net income of which inures to the benefit of any private stockholder or individual...
80. lappuse - This opinion will be certified to the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to prepare the regulation in accordance herewith under the pure food law and to the Secretary of the Treasury and the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to prepare the proper regulation under the internal revenue law.
141. lappuse - In Its generally accepted legal sense and Is, therefore, not to be construed as limited by the separate enumeration In section 501(c)(3) of other taxexempt purposes which may fall within the broad outlines of "charity" as developed by Judicial decisions.
29. lappuse - gist of the question of standing" is whether the party seeking relief has "alleged such a personal stake in the outcome of the controversy as to assure that concrete adverseness which sharpens the presentation of issues upon which the court so largely depends for illumination of difficult constitutional questions.