Handbook on Decision Support Systems 1: Basic Themes

Pirmais vāks
Frada Burstein, Clyde W. Holsapple
Springer Science & Business Media, 2008. gada 22. janv. - 854 lappuses

Decision support systems have experienced a marked increase in attention and importance over the past 25 years. The aim of this book is to survey the decision support system (DSS) field – covering both developed territory and emergent frontiers. It will give the reader a clear understanding of fundamental DSS concepts, methods, technologies, trends, and issues. It will serve as a basic reference work for DSS research, practice, and instruction. To achieve these goals, the book has been designed according to a ten-part structure, divided in two volumes with chapters authored by well-known, well-versed scholars and practitioners from the DSS community.

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Saturs

CHAPTER 2
21
CHAPTER 3
42
CHAPTER 4
65
CHAPTER 5
83
CHAPTER 6
103
ContextSensitive Decision Support Systems in Road Safety
107
CHAPTER 7
121
Personal Decision Support Systems
127
Systems for Supporting Marketing Decisions
395
The Nature of Organizational Decision Support Systems
415
CHAPTER 44
430
CHAPTER 22
433
Developing Practical Decision Support Tools Using Dashboards
454
CHAPTER 23
469
Decision Support Systems in Forest Management
499
CHAPTER 24
511

CHAPTER 8
141
CHAPTER 9
163
VARIATIONS
170
Integrated Document Management for Decision Support 191
190
CHAPTER 11
207
CHAPTER 12
231
CHAPTER 13
259
SpreadsheetBased Decision Support Systems
277
CHAPTER 15
299
WebBased Decision Support
315
CHAPTER 17
341
Predicting Facilitating and Managing Knowledge Evolution
345
A Motivational Model of Knowledge Sharing
355
CHAPTER 19
371
Artificial Neural Networks in Decision Support Systems
557
DSS Experience in Africa Cases from Egypt
559
Data Mining and Data Fusion for Enhanced Decision Support
581
CHAPTER 56
603
CHAPTER 28
609
Decision Support Based on Process Mining 637
636
Towards Decision Support for Participatory Democracy
651
CHAPTER 30
659
CHAPTER 31
697
DECISION SUPPORT
718
CHAPTER 34
763
Systems for Strategic Learning 759
829
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130. lappuse - Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and, to coin one at random, "memex" will do. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.
558. lappuse - A neural network is a massively parallel distributed processor that has a natural propensity for storing experiential knowledge and making it available for use. It resembles the brain in two respects: 1. Knowledge is acquired by the network through a learning process. 2. Inter-neuron connection strengths known as synaptic weights are used to store the knowledge.
360. lappuse - For our purposes here, we adopt the latter view and define social capital as the sum of the actual and potential resources embedded within, available through, and derived from the network of relationships possessed by an individual or social unit.
39. lappuse - It seems mostly a way of referring to whatever it is that a representation has. If a system has (and can use) a data structure which can be said to represent something (an object, a procedure.... whatever), then the system itself can also be said to have knowledge, namely the knowledge embodied in that representation about that thing.
4. lappuse - Managers are not confronted with problems that are independent of each other, but with dynamic situations that consist of complex systems of changing problems that interact with each other.
39. lappuse - knowledge cannot so easily be seen, only imagined as the result of interpretive processes operating on symbolic expressions." This suggests that knowledge does not exist apart from a processor that perceives or possesses a representation that it finds to be usable. One way to think about usability is in terms of Sveiby's (1997) sense of the capacity to take action (ie, knowledge is embodied in a representation to the extent that possessing that representation gives a processor the capacity to take...
xl. lappuse - Tchobanoglous is a professor emeritus of environmental engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California at Davis.
7. lappuse - But with this emphasis on problem solving, we ignore problem setting, the process by which we define the decision to be made, the ends to be achieved, the means which may be chosen.

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