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TABLE 6.- Italian, North: Economic history and present

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10..

Years in locality:
Head..

34.
2.
31.
200

6. Family

32.
2.
31.
20.

6. Present household size.

4.
7.
7.
7.

16. Number of members 10 years

4
4.
7.
5.

5.
or over.
Male.

1.
2.
4.
1.

4. Female.

3.
2
3.
4.

1. Previous location.

New York.. Coal City, Il. New York.. New York.. New York. Previous occupation..

At school... Carpenter... Newsboy Housewife.. Proprietor of

and boot

shoe-shinblack.

ing parlor. Value of property brought... None.. $1,500.

None.
$250.

Unknown, Occupation in locality previous On father's None.

On father's None.. None.. to purchase.

farm.

farm. Wages per week..

No regular

No regular wages.

wages. Years employed.

16.

4. First land leased.

None.
None.
None.. None

None..
First land boug
Date...

1891.
1907.
1882.
1889.

1903. Number of acres.

15.
30.

10.. Price.

$2:25.
$3,000
$510..
$900..

$2,000. Terins

Cash.

cash, Cash. $125 cash, Unknown.. credit.

balance on

credit. Condition...

Untilled.... Tillable land; 2 acres till- Untilled; Untilled: house and able.

s ma 11 house and barn.

shanty. barn. Occupation until living could be Farm laborer None.. Carpenter... Farm labor. None made from land. for father.

er. Number of years..

1..

8..

3. Earnings per day. Board and

$1 to $1.25..
lodging.
Acres of land now owned.

72.
30.
55.
50.

60. Acres tillable..

36.
30.
55.
30.

7. Number of peach trees.. 1.050.

300

12. Number of pear trees.

600.
65.
300.

8.. Number of apple trees.

10.

10.. Acres of grapes.

6.
7.

1.. Rented land

None.
None
None.
None.

None.
Live stock now owned:
Cattle.

2.
2.

2. Horses.

2.

2
Sheep.
Swine.

2.
4.
2......

1..
Financial condition:
Value of land and improve- $11,000... $3,000.. $6,000. $2,500. $3,000..

ments. Live stock.

$490.
$170.
$550
$280.

$360. Tools and implements.

$300.
$200.
$300.
$100.

$300. Other property

$2,200.
$100.
$300..
$50

$150.
Gross value of all property $14,190 $3,470. $7,130. $2,930. $4,010.
Indebtedness-
On land...

$800.
Other.
Net value of all property. $14,190.. $2,670. $7,150. $2,930. $4,010.

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a Head & widow.

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$1,200. None.. None.

None.
$800.

$5,000. $1.200.
None
On father's Farm laborer. At school and None.

None. None. larm.

on father's

farm.
No regular $2, board and No regular
wages.

lodging. wages.
27
2.

33.
None
None.....
None.
None.

None.... None....... None.
1905
1906.
1886.
1907.
1884..
1885..

1904. 20. 25 10.. 24. 25 42

33. $2,100. $50. $150. $2,000. $800. $1.275.

$1,000 $1,000 cash; Cash 3 years credit. $800 cash: $1,- Cash.

Cash.

Cash. $150 per

200 mortyear.

gage. Tillable; Untilled; no Untilled; no Tillable; Untilied; old 10 acres Untilled; no house and buildings. buildings. house and house.

tilled; house buildings. barn.

barn.

and barn.
None... On father's Farm laborer. None... Farm laborer. None... None.

farm.
3.
5.

3..
No wages.. $1 to $1.25.

$1 to $1.25.

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TABLE 7.-Italian, South: Economic history and present
Data reported.

Family 1. Family 2. Family 3. Family 4. Family 5.
Years in locality:
Head...

6.
5.
12.

10.
Family.

6.
5.
12.

9.
Present household size.

5.

3. Number of members 10 years 3.

2.
3.

2.
or over.
Male...

2.
Female.

2..
1..
1.
2.
1..

1.
Previous location...

New York. . Philadel. Glenboro, New York. Colorado..

phia, Pa. N. J.
Previous occupation...

Pick and Hodcarrier.. Laborer in Fruit mer-
shovel la-

Gold miner.. borer.

glass fac- chant.

tory.

$200. Value of property brought...... $1,000...

$150.

$400.. $1,000.. Occupation in locality previous None... Laborer in None... None... to purchase.

None. glass fac

tory. Wages per week....

$6. Years employed.

3. None..

None.. None. None. None... Number of acres..

1902.
1906.
1904.
1897.

1899.
20.
20.
21.

17.
$1,000.

86. $2,400. $840.

$1,500.. $1,000. Cash

$600 cash, $140 cash, $150 cash, Cash

$1,800 in 5 $700 on $50 to $100
years.

credit.
10 acres tilled; Tillable; Untilled; Tillable; 54 acrestilled:

per year. house. house and no build- house and house and barn. ings.

barn.

barn.

None.... Farm laborer Farm laborer None.... Occupation until living could be None......

1.
$1.25

$1.25.
20
20.
21.
10.

31
19.
20.

10. Acres of land now owned..

10.

25 12. Number of peach trees.

112

60. 5.. Number of pear trees... 0.50.

6. Number of apple trees..

1.50

3
None.
None.

None.. None.. None.
1.

1. Live stock now owned:

1.

1.

1. 1.

2.

Acres of grapes. Rented land..

Cattle. Horses.

Swire.
Financial condition:

ments.
Live stock.
Other property.
Indebtedness-

On land..

Other...
Net value of all property.

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Total.. Supplementary, * Earnings of son...

• Lived from previous savings.

income:

217 • Tillable land; terms, one-third of crop.

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2.
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2..

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2..
1.

5. New York Philadel. New York Philadel. Philadel. New York.. New York. phia, Pa.

phia, Pa.

phia, Pa. Fruit mer- Laborer in Loading Peddler.... Laborer on Teamster.... Laborer on chant. rug shop. freight cars.

railroad

railroad con struc

construc tion.

tion.
None
$100
$150..
None.... None... $500.

None.
None.
None.
None..

Father's farm Farm laborer. Laborer in None
and glass

rug fac.
blower.

tory.
$9 as glass $7.25.... $5 to $7.50...

blower.
13..
6.

7. None.

None.
None.

None..
1903.
1889.

1889.
2)
30.

38.
$ per year. $90 per year..

$50 per year. Tilled land; Tilled land;

Tillable land; house and house and

house and barn. barn.

barn. 1893. 1897 1891 1906. 1906. 1903.

1891.
30
25

20.
13.
16

33.
$1.000..
$500.
$800..
$1,200.
$500.
$500.

$800. Moriguige due $50 cash, $450 | $150 cash, $50 $600 cash, Cash..

Cash

$150 cash, $50 in 5 years. mortgage. per year. $600 in 10

per year.

years. 15 arres till Intilled; no Tillable land; 14 acres till- Untilled; no Untilled; no 27 acres till

able; shan- buildings. old house able; house buildings. buildings. able; old tv on land. and barn, and barn.

house. None.. None..... None... None.... None.... None...... None.

1a.

20..

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o Produced but not sold.

Agents of the Commission secured detailed schedules from 21 North Italian and 28 South Italian families. Some of these families came to Vineland with the early immigration and some were comparatively recent arrivals. Of the heads of North Italian families only 2 came to the colony direct from Italy while 15 came from New York City, 2 from Illinois, and 1 each from Colorado and Pennsylvania. Oi the South Italians 2 came direct from Italy, 13 from New York, 8 from Philadelphia, 2 from other parts of New Jersey, 1 from Colorado, and 1 from Brooklyn.

Of the North Italian heads of households from whom information was secured, 4 had been farmers in Italy, 1 had been a farm laborer, and 3 were reported as engaged in work on their fathers' farms. Of the South Italian heads of households 8 were farmers in Italy, 5 were farm laborers, and 6 worked on their fathers' farms. Others reported various occupations or no occupation. It will be noted that 8 of the 21 heads of North Italian families, and 19 of the 28 heads of South Italian families had been engaged in agricultural pursuits in their native land.

Two-thirds of the North Italians from whom information was secured bought land at once. The South Italians who came later were not so well able to buy. Only one-third purchased at once; one-third worked at various occupations for periods ranging from one to ten years; and, a significant fact-showing one method of meeting the rising land values-one-third of these South Italians rented land until they acquired sufficient means to purchase. Three have not yet been able to buy.

One-third of the North Italians came to Vineland without money or property of any kind, nearly 30 per cent had between $100 and $1,000, nearly 25 per cent came with $1,000 and under $5,000. Only one was reported bringing more than $5,000 with him.

The South Italians from whom schedules were secured were in more straitened circumstances. Nearly 29 per cent came with nothing, and nearly 70 per cent had less than $250. Tables 8 and 9 show that the entire number of North Italians investigated have purchased land. Fifty-seven per cent made an average first purchase of 26 acres of uncleared wild land, costing on the average of $727, or $28 an acre. Nearly 20 per cent bought cleared land, three-fourths or more tillable, 24 acres each, at an average cost of $2,313 per farm, or $96 an acre.

Table 8.-Condition of land and size of farms first rented or purchased.

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