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Extract from act of Congress of February 20, 1907, creating and defining the duties of the

Immigration Commission. That a commission is hereby created, consisting of three Senators, to be appointed by the President of the Senate, and three Members of the House of Representatives, to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and three persons to be appointed by the President of the United States. Said commission shall make full inquiry, examination, and investigation, by subcommittee or otherwise, into the subject of immigration. For the purpose of said inquiry, examination, and investigation said commission is authorized to send for persons and papers, make all

necessary travel, either in the United States or any foreign country, and, through the chairman of the commission, or any member thereof, to administer oaths and to examine witnesses and papers respecting all matters pertaining to the subject, and to employ necessary clerical and other assistance. Said commission shall report to Congress the conclusions reached by it, and make such recommendations as in its judgment may seem proper. Such sums of money as may be necessary for the said inquiry, examination, and investigation are hereby appropriated and authorized to be paid out of the "immigrant fund” on the certificate of the chairman of said commission, including all expenses of the commissioners, and a reasonable compensation, to be fixed by the President of the United States, for those members of the commission who are not Members of Congress;

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a Died February 20, 1908. O Appointed to succeed Mr. Latimer, February 25, 1908. Died December 22, 1909. c Appointed to succeed Mr. McLaurin, March 16, 1910.

II

LIST OF REPORTS OF THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION.

Volumes 1 and 2. Abstracts of Reports of the Immigration Commission, with Conclusions and Recom

mendations and Views of the Minority. (These volumes include the Commission's complete reports on the following subjects: Immigration Conditions in Hawaii; Immigration and Insanity; Immigrants in Charity Hospitals; Alien Seamen and Stowaways; Contract Labor and Induced and Assisted Immigration; The Greek Padrone System in the United States; Peonage.) (S. Doc. No. 747, 61st

Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 3. Statistical Review of Immigration, 1819–1910-Distribution of Immigrants, 1850–1900. (S. Doc.

No. 756, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 4. Emigration Conditions in Europe. (S. Doc. No. 748, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 5. Dictionary of Races or Peoples. (S. Doc. No. 662, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volumes 6 and 7. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 1, Bituminous Coal Mining. (8. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong.,

2d sess.) Volumes 8 and 9. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 2, Iron and Steel Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st

Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 10. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 3, Cotton Goods Manufacturing in the North Atlantic States

Pt. 4, Woolen and Worsted Goods Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 11. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 5, Silk Goods Manufacturing and Dyeing-Pt. 6, Clothing

Manufacturing-Pt. 7, Collar, Culi, and Shirt Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 12. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 8, Leather Manufacturing-Pt. 9, Boot and Shoe Manufac

turing-Pt. 10, Glove Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 13. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 11, Slaughtering and Meat Packing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st

Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 14. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 12, Glass Manufacturing-Pt. 13, Agricultural Implement

and Vehicle Manufacturing. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 15. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 14, Cigar and Tobacco Manufacturing-Pt. 15, Furniture Man

ufacturing-Pt. 16, Sugar Refining. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 16. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 17, Copper Mining and Smelting-Pt. 18, Iron Ore Mining

Pt. 19, Anthracite Coal Mining-Pt. 20, Oil Refining. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 17. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 21, Diversified Industries, Vol. I. (S. Doc. No.633, 61st Cong.,

2d sess.) Volume 18. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 21, Diversified Industries, Vol. II-Pt. 22, The Floating Immi

grant Labor Supply. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 19 and 20. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 23, Summary Report on Immigrants in Manufacturing

and Mining. (8. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 21 and 22. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 24, Recent Immigrants in Agriculture. (S. Doc. No.

633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 23-25. Immigrants in Industries: Pt. 25, Japanese and Other Immigrant Races in the Pacific

Coast and Rocky Mountain States. (S. Doc. No. 633, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 26 and 27. Immigrants in Cities. (S. Doc. No. 338, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 28. Occupations of the First and Second Generations of Immigrants in the United States-Fe

cundity of Immigrant Women. (S. Doc. No. 282, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volumes 29–33. The Children of Immigrants in Schools. (S. Doc. No. 749, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volumes 34 and 35. Immigrants as Charity Seekers. (S. Doc. No. 665, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 36. Immigration and Crime. (S. Doc. No. 750, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 37. Steerage Conditions--Importation and Harboring of Women for Immoral Purposes--Immi

grant Homes and Aid Societies-Immigrant Banks. (S. Doc. No. 753, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 38. Changes in Bodily Form of Descendants of Immigrants. (S. Doc. No. 208, 61st Cong., 2d sess.) Volume 39. Federal Immigration Legislation-Digest of Immigration Decisions-Steerage Legislation,

1819-1908-State Immigration and Alien Laws. (S. Doc. No. 758, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 40. The Immigration Situation in Other Countries: Canada–Australia-New Zealand-Argen

tina-Brazil. (S. Doc. No. 761, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 41. Statements and Recommendations Submitted by Societies and Organizations Interested in

the Subject of Immigration. (S. Doc. No. 764, 61st Cong., 3d sess.) Volume 42. Index of Reports of the Immigration Commission. (S. Doc. No. 785, 61st Cong., 3d sess.)

IMMIGRANTS IN INDUSTRIES.

RECENT IMMIGRANTS IN AGRICULTURE (IN TWO VOLUMES: VOL. II). This report, which was prepared under the direction of the Commission by Alex. ander E. Cance, Ph. D., of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, forms part of the general report of the Immigration Commission on immigrants in industries.

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Introduction....

Historical....

Conditions of agriculture and country life.

Farm income..

Property owned.

Living conditions.

Citizenship..

CHAPTER V.-Sullivan and Ulster counties, N. Y.-General farming and sum-

mer boarders:

Introduction....

History of the settlement.

Terms of purchase.

Character of immigrants..

Economic history of representative families....

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CHAPTER V.-Sullivan and Ulster counties, N. Y.-General farming and summer boarders-Continued.

Page. Progress of colony... Soil, climate, and topography Agricultural conditions. Markets and marketing facilities.. Opportunities for employment. Property owned.... Thrift and industriousness. Standard of living... Summer boarders... Social life, race prejudice, etc. Educational conditions.. Political conditions... Moral conditions.. Effect of settlement on neighborhood. Second generation... General summary

Statistical data for selected families...
Chapter VI.—Alliance, Rosenhayn, and Carmel, N. J., small fruit and vege-
table growers:

Introduction....
History of the Alliance colony.
Soil and climate...
History of the Rosenhayn colony.
History of the Carmel colony.
The village of Carmel...
Soil and climate.

98 The character of the colonists.

100 The colonies in general as shown by family schedules.

100 Agricultural conditions..

101 Manures and fertilizers..

104 Live stock...

105 Farming methods

105 Markets and marketing facilities.

106 Business cooperation.

107 Farm labor..

108 Farm expenditures..

109 Property owned, investments.

109 Standard of living..

112 Opportunities for outside employment

112 Social, educational, and religious conditions.

113 Moral conditions.

116 Political conditions.

116 Hebrew aid societies.

116 The Hebrews in the community

118 Statistical data for selected families.

118 CHAPTER VII.-New Jersey: Notes on the Woodbine settlement and Flemington, Ilunterdon County: Woodbine.......

125 Introduction..

125 Location..

126 Historical..

126 Composition of the population.

128 Soil and climate.

129 Agricultural conditions.

129 Market facilities....

130 Property and employment.

131 Standard of living.

133 Housing....

133 Social conditions.

134 Educational conditions

135 Citizenship and politics.

136 Moral and religious conditions.

136 The second generation...

137 General effect of the colony.

137 Statistical data for selected families.

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