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and have greatly facilitated the progress of the colony to an independent basis.

Marketing facilities are excellent, and no deductions are necessary for freight or commissions. There seems to be no reason for doubting the continued prosperity of the present immigrants, though the density of the population and the increasing value of real estate render it improbable that the future growth of the colony will be either rapid or extensive.

STATISTICAL DATA FOR SELECTED FAMILIES.

The following table presents the most significant facts in the history and economic conditions of 12 families selected from the Italian agricultural colony at Olneyville.

Only two families report a household of less than 5 persons, and one family shows 10 and one 12 members. Of the 12 heads of families 9 came directly to the locality from Italy, while 2 worked in New York and 1 in New Jersey before coming to Olneyville. After coming to this locality various occupations were followed prior to the first purchase of real estate, the greater percentage of the heads of families having been employed in the woolen industry or as farm laborers, the periods of employment varying from three to eighteen years and the wages from $6 to $9 a week.

a The first purchases of land consisted, with one exception, of small tracts of less than 12 acres; the terms were usually from 25 per cent to 50 per cent cash and the balance secured by mortgage. There were improvements on most of the purchases, and 7 of the families made a living from the land during the first year.

It is noticeable that 50 per cent of the families increased their holdings in land and that the table shows a marked increase for each family in the value of the land and improvements now owned over the first purchase. Three families show no indebtedness, and the indebtedness shown by 3 other families is comparatively small.

The value of the total products of the farm is over $1,000 per farm for 6 families, and only 2 families show total products less than $500 in value. The table shows that market garden crops were raised almost exclusively and that the sales in most instances equaled the total value of all products raised. Nine families have a supplementary income in addition to the products of the farm.

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Years in locality:
Head.

17.
23.
30.
34.

20. Family

1.
20.
24

20 Present household, size.. 9

8
9.
5.

10. Number of members 10 years

7
8.
5.

8.
or over.
Male..

2.
4.
2..
2.

6. Female.

2.
3.
6.
3.

2. Previous location..

New York, Italy.... Italy.. Italy.. Italy..

N. Y. Previous occupation.. Excavating At home..... On father's Farming for Farm laborer

for sewer.

farm.

sell. Value of property brought.... $25.

$50.
$45...
None

$500. Occupation in locality pre- Unskilled la- On father's Ditching Farm laborer Washing vious to purchase. borer in farm. and farm

wool in stove founlaborer.

woolen dry.

mill. Wages per week....

$8.
Not re- $6.75...

$7

$7.50..

ported.e Years employed..

6..
180
5.

8. First land leased..

None... None.

None.

None. Date....

1898. Number of acres..

8. Terms.

$140 per year. Condition.

All tillable,

with house

and barn. First land bought: Date... 1903.

1887

1897 Number of acres..

6.
10..
9.
10.

8. Price..

$2,200..
$2,000.. $1,500.. $500.

$2,000.
Terms.
$800 cash, $ 250 cash, $ 250 cash, Cash.

$400 cash, balance 10 balance se- balance se

balance se years. cured by cured by

cured by mortgage mortgage.

mortgage.

12.

1904...

1884.

Condition.....

Hall tillable; Hall tillable, All tillable, Hall tillable. 5 acres tillhouse and with house with house

able; house barn. and barn and barn.

and barn,

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2.

1. 2. 2.

1. 2. 2.

2.

Terms..

$40 per year. Live stock now owned: Cattle.

1. Horses.

$3,375...

$4,500..

$12,000..

$2,250...

1. Swine

2. Financial condition: Value of land and improve $2,500.

mente. Live stock

$270.
Tools and implements. $200.
Crops on hand.
Other property:

$200. Gross value of all property. $3,170.. Indebtedness on land.

$600. Other... Net value of all property.. $2,570..

$350.
$350.

$365
$150.
$25.
$100.
$1.015..
$1,500..
$25.
$2,490...

$340.
$200.
$60.
$1.000.
$6,100..
$500.

$450.
$300.
$75.
$200.
$13,025.

$200
$3,150..

$5,600..

$13,025.

$10.
$3,140.

a Cultivated land of his father's estate for 8 years, prior to first purchase, for wages.

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1903.

1893.. 2

0.5... $1,500.

$12). $400 cash, Cash.

balance se cured mortgage:

Dortge
$200 to $300
per year.
All tillable.... All tillable... An tilsbue.' Tasbie est ; suresi

gardes
plot, borse,

so i barn
Lived from Farm laborer Noue.... Xof reported Sode...

previous
savings.

12.
Not reported

Not reported
15..
0.75.
11.5..

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5.
0.5.
10.

15
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of certain typical Italian families, Olneyville, R. I.-Continued.

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$775 $472. 50 $472.50 $1,500 $1,500 $1,025 $1,025 $1,550 $1,550 $280.50

$237.50 200

54 50 50

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1,500

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1,500

1,281; 1,075 1,604
9 60

1,550 280.50 237.50

€ 4.50

1 300

d 568

1789

1306

1 Earnings of 3 sons.
& Rent from apartment.

Earnings as butcher and profits from grocery; $106 rent from tenements * Earnings of daughter.

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