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of Presidential power. Nevertheless, we have a serious problem of Executive-congressional relationships, and the Congress is making varied responses to protect its constitutional position and affirm its importance in public policymaking.

The requirement that the Budget Director and his Deputy be confirmed by the Senate is one of these responses. It is not an earth-shaking proposal. It is not an unusual one. Numerous heads of offices or agencies in the Executive Office of the President now must be confirmed by the Senate. The Office of Management and Budget stands preeminent among these agencies and, in my opinion, deserves Senate confirmation of its top officers even more than the others, considering its vital role and far-reaching influence in governmental affairs.

There will be those who say that the Director of the Budget, by that very same token, is the President's man and that the Senate should not have any say in the matter. I do not agree with that position, and that is why I am cosponsoring the legislation before us today.

One basic fact ought to be kept in mind. Historically, the Bureau of the Budget was created so that the Congress could be better served in exercising its constitutional power of the purse. The Budget Director serves the President only because the President_serves the Congress in making budget recommendations. And the Budget Director himself serves the Congress. It is not too much to ask that he be confirmed by the Senate.

We should not lose sight of this basic fact : that central budgeting was developed for the convenience of the Congress in the exercise of its constitutional powers. The OMB is not some mystical or magic instrument reserved exclusively for Presidential use. In the final analysis, the yearly budget document, despite its awesome weight and wealth of detail, is a set of recommendations to the Congress. The President seems to have lost sight of this fact in his impounding actions.

There will be differences of opinion and judgment on this legislation–differences which are both political and technical. As I see it, the larger issue at stake is the prerogative of the Congress, its power and prestige as an institution. This does not mean power and prestige for their own sake, but for effective exercise of constitutional responsibilities to the American people.

(The bills, S. 518 and II.R. 3932, follow :)

93D CONGRESS

1st SESSION

S. 518

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

FEBRUIRY 6, 1973
Referred to the Committec on Government Operations

AN ACT

To provide that appointments to the offices of Director and

Deputy Director of the Oflice of Management and Budget

shall be subject to confirmation by the Senate. 1 Be it cnacted by the Senate und Ilousc of Representalives of the United States of Americu in Congress assembled,

3 That, effective on the day after the date of enactment of this

4 Act, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget

5 and the Deputy Director of that Office (originally established o by section 207 of the Budget and Accounting Act, 1921, and 7 redesignated by section 102 of Reorganization Plan Num8 bered 2 of 1970) shall be appointed by the President by and 9 with the advice and consent of the Senate, and no individual 10 shall bold citlier such position thirty days after that datę

2

1 unless he has been so appointed. The Director and Deputy

2 Director shall each be appointed for a term of four years,

3 except that,

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(1) the terms of the individuals first appointed in

5

accordance with this Act, after the date of enactment of

6

this Act, to hold such positions shall commence on the date of their appointment and end immediately prior to

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noon January 20, 1977;

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(2) any individual appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the

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remainder of that term; and

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(3) nothing contained in this Act shall impair thic power of the President to remove the occupauis of such

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offices.

Passed the Senate February 7, 1973.

Attest:

FRANCIS R. VALEO,

Secretary.

93D CONGRESS

18r SESSION

H. R. 3932

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

FEBRUARY 7, 1973 Mr. Brooks (for himself, Mr. HIOLIFIELD, Mr. FOUNTAIN, Mr. Jones of Alabama,

Mr. Moss, Mr. FASCELL, Mr. REUSS, Mr. MACDONALD, Mr. MOORTLEAD of Pennsylvania, Mr. RANDALL, Mr. ROSENTIAL, Mr. Wright, Mr. Sr GerMAIN, Mr. Culver, Mír. Fuqua, Mr. CoNYERS, Mr. ALEXANDER, Mrs. Abzu(i, Mr. DONOUE, Mr. James V. STANton, and Mr. Ryan) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations

A BILL To provide that appointvients to the Offices of Director and

Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall be subject to confirmation by the Senate, and for other

purposes.

1

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa

2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 3 That, effective on the day after the date of enactment of this

4 Act, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget

5 and the Deputy Director of that Office (originally estal)

6 lished by section 207 of the Budget and Accounting Act, 7 1921, and redesignated by section 102 of Reorganization

2

1

Plan Numbered 2 of 1970) shall be appointed by the 2 President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, 3 and no individual shall hold either such position thirty days

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4 after that date unless he has been so appointed. The Director 5 and Deputy Director shall each be appointed for a term of 6 four years, with each such term beginning at noon on 7 January 20 of the year in which the term of the President 8 begins, except that,

(1) the terms of the individuals first appointed in accordance with this Act, after the date of enactment of

this Act, to hold such positions shall commence from 12

the date of their appointment and end immediately prior

to noon January 20, 1977; 14

(2) any individual appointed to fill a vacancy oc

curring before the expiration of the term for which his 16 predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the

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(3) nothing contained in this Act shall impair the power of the President to remove the occupants of such

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offices.

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