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This eleventh edition of the United States Code, prepared and published pursuant to section 285b of Title 2 of the Code, is a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States in force on January 3, 1989. By statutory authority, this edition may be cited “U.S.C. 1988 ed.”. Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, 1964, 1970, 1976, and 1982.
Because many of the general and permanent laws that are required to be incorporated in the Code are inconsistent, redundant, and obsolete, the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives has been engaged in a continuing, comprehensive project authorized by law to revise and codify, for enactment into positive law, each title of the Code. When this project is completed, all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent laws and recourse to the numerous volumes of the United States Statutes at Large for this purpose will no longer be necessary. Titles 1, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 28, 31, 32, 35, 37, 38, 39, 44, 46, and 49 have been revised, codified, and enacted into positive law and the text thereof is legal evidence of the laws therein contained. The matter contained in the other titles of the Code is prima facie evidence of the laws.
The title and chapter structure of the 1982 edition, together with Supplement V thereto, has been substantially preserved, the only changes made having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation since 1982.
This edition was prepared and published under the supervision of Edward F. Willett, Jr., Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives, with the assistance of the West Publishing Company of St. Paul, Minnesota, which assisted in preparing all prior editions and supplements of the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the staffs of the Office of the Law Revision Counsel, the West Publishing Company, and the Government Printing Office for their untiring efforts to make this edition as nearly perfect as possible.
TABLE OF TITLES AND CHAPTERS
22. John C. Stennis Center for Public Servi Chap.
Training and Development.
TITLE 3—THE PRESIDENT
2. Office and Compensation of President. and Supplements.
3. Protection of the President; United State
Secret Service Uniformed Division.
4. Delegation of Functions.
TITLE 4–FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GO
1. The Flag. 4. Officers and Employees of Senate and
2. The Seal. House of Representatives.
3. Seat of the Government. 5. Library of Congress.
4. The States.
5. Official Territorial Papers.
TITLE 5-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATIO 9.
PART I–THE AGENCIES GENERALLY
1. Organization. 9C. Office of the Parliamentarian of the
3. Powers. House of Representatives.
5. Administrative Procedure. 9D. Office of Senate Legal Counsel.
6. The Analysis of Regulatory Functions. 10. Classification of Employees of House of
7. Judicial Review. Representatives.
9. 10A. Payroll Administration in House of Rep
Executive Reorganization. resentatives.
PART II-CIVIL SERVICE FUNCTIONS AND 11. Commission on Executive, Legislative, and
11. Office of Personnel Management.
12. Merit Systems Protection Board and Sp 13. Joint Committee on Congressional Oper
cial Counsel. ations.
13. Special Authority. 14. Federal Election Campaigns.
15. Political Activity of Certain State an 15. Office of Technology Assessment.
SUBPART A-GENERAL PROVISIONS ations.
23. Merit System Principles.
Commissions, Oaths, Records, and R 19. Congressional Award Program.
ports. 20. Emergency Powers To Eliminate Budget
SUBPART B-EMPLOYMENT AND RETENTION Deficits.
31. Authority for Employment. 21. Civic Achievement Award Program in
33. Examination, Selection, and Placement. Honor of Office of Speaker of House of 34. Part-Time Career Employment Opport Representatives.
TITLE 5-GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION Chap.
7. Insect Pests Generally.
7A. Golden Nematode. SUBPART B-EMPLOYMENT AND RETENTION
7B. Plant Pests. CONTINUED
8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and
Rubber and Other Critical Agricultural Chap. 35. Retention Preference, Restoration, and
9. Packers and Stockyards. Reemployment.
10. Warehouses. SUBPART C-EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE
11. Honeybees. 41. Training.
12. Associations of Agricultural Products Pro43. Performance Appraisal.
ducers. 45. Incentive Awards.
Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 47. Personnel Research Programs and Dem- 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations. onstration Projects.
15. Bureau of Animal Industry. SUBPART D-PAY AND ALLOWANCES
16. Bureau of Dairy Industry.
17. Miscellaneous Matters. 51. Classification.
18. Cooperative Marketing. 53. Pay Rates and Systems.
19. Cotton Statistics and Estimates. 54. Performance Management and Recogni
20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate tion System.
Produce. 55. Pay Administration.
20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. Travel, Transportation, and Subsistence.
21. Tobacco Statistics. 59. Allowances.
21A. Tobacco Inspection. SUBPART E-ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE
21B. Tobacco Control. 61. Hours of Work.
22. Agricultural Marketing (Omitted or 63. Leave.
23. Foreign Agricultural Service (Repealed). SUBPART F-LABOR-MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEE RELATIONS
Perishable Agricultural Commodities 71. Labor-Management Relations.
[Transferred to Chapter 20A). 72. Antidiscrimination; Right to Petition Con
25. Export Standards for Apples and Pears.
25A. Export Standards for Grapes and Plums. gress. 73. Suitability, Security, and Conduct.
26. Agricultural Adjustment. 75. Adverse Actions.
26A. Agricultural Marketing Agreements. 77. Appeals.
27. Cotton Marketing (Omitted or Repealed). 79. Services to Employees.
28. Tobacco Industry (Repealed).
29. Potato Act of 1935 [Repealed). SUBPART G—INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES
30. Anti-Hog-Cholera Serum and Hog-Chol81. Compensation for Work Injuries.
era Virus. 83. Retirement.
31. Rural Electrification and Telephone Serv84. Federal Employees' Retirement System.
ice. 85. Unemployment Compensation.
32. Peanut Statistics. 87. Life Insurance.
33. Farm Tenancy. 89. Health Insurance.
34. Sugar Production and Control (Omitted SUBPART H—ACCESS TO CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD
or Repealed). INFORMATION
35. Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. 91. Access to Criminal History Records for
35A. Price Support of Agricultural CommodNational Security Purposes.
37. Seeds. TITLE 6-SURETY BONDS (REPEALED)
38. Distribution and Marketing of Agricultur
al Products. 39. Stabilization of International Wheat
Market. TITLE 7-AGRICULTURE
40. Halogeton Glomeratus Control. Commodity Exchanges.
41. Agricultural Trade Development and AsCotton Standards.
sistance. Grain Standards.
42. Agricultural Commodity Set-Aside. Naval Stores.
43. Foreign Market Development.
45. Soil Bank Program.