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SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

EFFECTIVE DATE OF REPEAL This section is referred to in section 14 of this title. Repeal of chapter by Pub. L. 99-646 and Pub. L.

99-654 effective respectively 30 days after Nov. 10, $ 1992. Wrecking trains

1986, and 30 days after Nov. 14, 1986, see section 87 of

Pub. L. 99-646 and section 4 of Pub. L. 99-654, set out Whoever willfully derails, disables, or wrecks

as an Effective Date note under section 2241 of this any train, engine, motor unit, or car used, oper title. ated, or employed in interstate or foreign commerce by any railroad; or

CHAPTER 101-RECORDS AND REPORTS Whoever willfully sets fire to, or places any

Sec. explosive substance on or near, or undermines

2071.

Concealment, removal, or mutilation generany tunnel, bridge, viaduct, trestle, track,

ally. signal, station, depot, warehouse, terminal, or 2072.

False crop reports. any other way, structure, property, or appurte 2073. False entries and reports of moneys or secunance used in the operation of any such rail

rities. road in interstate or foreign commerce, or

2074. False weather reports. otherwise makes any such tunnel, bridge, via

2075. Officer failing to make returns or reports. duct, trestle, track, signal, station, depot, ware

2076. Clerk of United States District Court. house, terminal, or any other way, structure,

CROSS REFERENCES property, or appurtenance unworkable or unusable or hazardous to work or use, with the

War contract records, see section 443 of this title. intent to derail, disable, or wreck a train,

8 2071. Concealment, removal, or mutilation generally engine, motor unit, or car used, operated, or employed in interstate or foreign commerce; or (a) Whoever willfully and unlawfully con

Whoever willfully attempts to do any of the ceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, or deaforesaid acts or things

stroys, or attempts to do so, or, with intent to Shall be fined not more than $10,000 or im do so takes and carries away any record, proprisoned not more than twenty years, or both. ceeding, map, book, paper, document, or other

Whoever is convicted of any such crime, thing, filed or deposited with any clerk or offiwhich has resulted in the death of any person, cer of any court of the United States, or in any shall be subject also to the death penalty or to public office, or with any judicial or public offi. imprisonment for life, if the jury shall in its cer of the United States, shall be fined not discretion so direct, or, in the case of a plea of more than $2,000 or imprisoned not more than guilty, if the court in its discretion shall so three years, or both. order.

(b) Whoever, having the custody of any such A judgment of conviction or acquittal on the record, proceeding, map, book, document, merits under the laws of any State shall be a paper, or other thing, willfully and unlawfully bar to any prosecution hereunder for the same conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, falsiact or acts.

fies, or destroys the same, shall be fined not

more than $2,000 or imprisoned not more than (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 794.)

three years, or both; and shall forfeit his office HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

and be disqualified from holding any office

under the United States. Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $ 412a (June 8, 1940, ch. 286, 54 Stat. 255).

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795.) First clause in second paragraph of said section 412a of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., was omitted as covered by

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES section 3231 of this title.

Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., 88 234, 235 (Mar. Words "and on conviction thereof” were omitted as

4, 1909, ch. 321, $$ 128, 129, 35 Stat. 1111, 1112). surplusage since punishment cannot be imposed until Section consolidates sections 234 and 235 of title 18, a conviction is secured.

U.S.C., 1940 ed.

Reference in subsection (a) to intent to steal was CROSS REFERENCES

omitted as covered by section 641 of this title. Destruction of property moving in commerce, see Minor changes were made in phraseology. sections 1281 and 1282 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

CROSS REFERENCES

Disqualification from holding any office of honor, SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS

trust, or profit, additional grounds for, see sections This section is referred to in section 2516 of this204, 592, 593, 1901, 2381, 2385, and 2387 of this title. title.

Theft of

Court record or process, see section 1506 of this (CHAPTER 99-REPEALED)

title.

Records, see section 641 of this title. (88 2031, 2032. Repealed. Pub. L. 99-646, 8 87(c)(1),

War contract records, see section 443 of this title. Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3623; Pub. L. 99-654,

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS 8 3(a)(1), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3663)

This section is referred to in title 22 section 3622. Section 2031, act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795, prescribed penalties for commission of rape within 8 2072. False crop reports special maritime and territorial jurisdiction. Section 2032, act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795,

Whoever, being an officer or employee of the prescribed penalties for carnal knowledge of female

United States or any of its agencies, whose under 16 within special maritime and territorial juris duties require the compilation or report of stadiction.

tistics or information relating to the products

95-0070 - 89 – 16 (Vol. 7). QL3

of the soil, knowingly compiles for issuance, or issues, any false statistics or information as a report of the United States or any of its agencies, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The United States Signal Service, referred to in text, is now the Signal Corps which is a branch of the Army, see section 3063 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $ 215 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 124, 35 Stat. 1111).

Words “or any of its agencies” were inserted after "United States" so as to eliminate any possible ambi. guity as to scope of section. (See definitive section 6 of this title.)

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

8 2073. False entries and reports of moneys or securi

ties Whoever, being an officer, clerk, agent, or other employee of the United States or any of its agencies, charged with the duty of keeping accounts or records of any kind, with intent to deceive, mislead, injure, or defraud, makes in any such account or record any false or fictitious entry or record of any matter relating to or connected with his duties; or

Whoever, being an officer, clerk, agent, or other employee of the United States or any of its agencies, charged with the duty of receiving, holding, or paying over moneys or securities to, for, or on behalf of the United States, or of receiving or holding in trust for any person any moneys or securities, with like intent, makes a false report of such moneys or securities

Shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The Weather Bureau of the Department of Commerce was consolidated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey to form a new agency in the Department of Commerce to be known as the Environmental Science Services Administration by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1965, eff. July 13, 1965, 30 F.R. 8819, 79 Stat. 1318, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. All functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Secretary of Commerce by the Plan.

The Environmental Science Services Administration was abolished by Reorg. Plan No. 4 of 1970, eff. Oct. 3, 1970, 35 F.R. 15627, 84 Stat. 2090, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which created the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce. By Department Organization Order 25-5A, republished 39 F.R. 27486, the Secretary of Commerce delegated to NOAA his functions relating to the Weather Bureau. By order of the Acting Associate Administrator of NOAA, the organization name of the Weather Bureau was changed to the National Weather Service. For further details, see the Codification note under section 311 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.

8 2075. Officer failing to make returns or reports

Every officer who neglects or refuses to make any return or report which he is required to make at stated times by any Act of Congress or regulation of the Department of the Treasury, other than his accounts, within the time prescribed by such Act or regulation, shall be fined not more than $1,000. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 796.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $ 189 (Mar. 4, 1911, ch. 270, 36 Stat. 1355).

Words “or any of its agencies” were inserted after "United States" so as to eliminate any possible ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definitive section 6 of this title.)

References to persons aiding and abetting were omitted. Such persons are principals under section 2 of this title.

Minor verbal changes were made.

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., & 188, (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 101, 35 Stat. 1107).

8 2076. Clerk of United States District Court

Whoever, being a clerk of a district court of the United States, willfully refuses or neglects to make or forward any report, certificate, statement, or document as required by law, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 796.)

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in title 12 section 1457.

8 2074. False weather reports

Whoever knowingly issues or publishes any counterfeit weather forecast or warning of weather conditions falsely representing such forecast or warning to have been issued or published by the Weather Bureau, United States Signal Service, or other branch of the Government service, shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than ninety days, or both. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 795.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on section 522 of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Judicial Code and Judiciary (Feb. 22, 1875, ch. 95, $ 6, 18 Stat. 334),

The reference to the offense as a misdemeanor was omitted as unnecessary in view of the definition of "misdemeanor" in section 1 of this title.

The last sentence providing that conviction should not be a condition precedent to removal from office was omitted as unnecessary.

Minor changes were made in phraseology.

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $117 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 61, 35 Stat. 1100). Minor verbal changes were made.

CROSS REFERENCES Removal of clerk from office, see section 751 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

CHAPTER 102–RIOTS

Sec.
2101. Riots.
2102. Definitions.

AMENDMENTS 1968–Pub. L. 90-284, title I, § 104(a), Apr. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 75, added chapter 102 and items 2101 and 2102.

CHAPTER REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This chapter is referred to in section 2516 of this title.

(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed as indicating an intent on the part of Congress to prevent any State, any possession or Commonwealth of the United States, or the District of Columbia, from exercising jurisdiction over any offense over which it would have jurisdiction in the absence of this section; nor shall anything in this section be construed as depriving State and local law enforcement authorities of responsibility for prosecuting acts that may be violations of this section and that are violations of State and local law. (Added Pub. L. 90-284, title I, § 104(a), Apr. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 75, and amended Pub. L. 99-386, title I, 8 106, Aug. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 822.)

8 2101. Riots

(a)(1) Whoever travels in interstate or foreign commerce or uses any facility of interstate or foreign commerce, including, but not limited to, the mail, telegraph, telephone, radio, or televi. sion, with intent

(A) to incite a riot; or

(B) to organize, promote, encourage, participate in, or carry on a riot; or

(C) to commit any act of violence in furtherance of a riot; or

(D) to aid or abet any person in inciting or participating in or carrying on a riot or committing any act of violence in furtherance of

AMENDMENTS 1986–Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99-386 struck out “; or in the alternative shall report in writing, to the respective Houses of the Congress, the Department's reason for not so proceeding" after “such prosecution”.

CROSS REFERENCES Wire or oral communications, authorization for interception, to provide evidence of offenses under this chapter, see section 2516 of this title.

a riot;

and who either during the course of any such travel or use or thereafter performs or attempts to perform any other overt act for any purpose specified in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of this paragraph,

Shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

(b) In any prosecution under this section, proof that a defendant engaged or attempted to engage in one or more of the overt acts described in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of paragraph (1) of subsection (a) and (1) has traveled in interstate or foreign commerce, or (2) has use of or used any facility of interstate or foreign commerce, including but not limited to, mail, telegraph, telephone, radio, or television, to communicate with or broadcast to any person or group of persons prior to such overt acts, such travel or use shall be admissible proof to establish that such defendant traveled in or used such facility of interstate or foreign commerce.

(c) A judgment of conviction or acquittal on the merits under the laws of any State shall be a bar to any prosecution hereunder for the same act or acts.

(d) Whenever, in the opinion of the Attorney General or of the appropriate officer of the Department of Justice charged by law or under the instructions of the Attorney General with authority to act, any person shall have violated this chapter, the Department shall proceed as speedily as possible with a prosecution of such person hereunder and with any appeal which may lie from any decision adverse to the Gov. ernment resulting from such prosecution.

(e) Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to make it unlawful for any person to travel in, or use any facility of, interstate or foreign commerce for the purpose of pursuing the legitimate objectives of organized labor, through orderly and lawful means.

8 2102. Definitions

(a) As used in this chapter, the term “riot” means a public disturbance involving (1) an act or acts of violence by one or more persons part of an assemblage of three or more persons, which act or acts shall constitute a clear and present danger of, or shall result in, damage or injury to the property of any other person or to the person of any other individual or (2) a threat or threats of the commission of an act or acts of violence by one or more persons part of an assemblage of three or more persons having, individually or collectively, the ability of immediate execution of such threat or threats, where the performance of the threatened act or acts of violence would constitute a clear and present danger of, or would result in, damage or injury to the property of any other person or to the person of any other individual.

(b) As used in this chapter, the term “to incite a riot”, or “to organize, promote, encourage, participate in, or carry on a riot”, includes, but is not limited to, urging or instigating other persons to riot, but shall not be deemed to mean the mere oral or written (1) advocacy of ideas or (2) expression of belief, not involving advocacy of any act or acts of violence or assertion of the rightness of, or the right to commit, any such act or acts. (Added Pub. L. 90-284, title I, § 104(a), Apr. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 76.)

[blocks in formation]

The 15-year penalty is not excessive for an offense of this type.

Minor verbal change was made.

CROSS REFERENCES Embezzlement and theft of public property, see section 641 of this title.

82113. Bank robbery and incidental crimes

(a) Whoever, by force and violence, or by in. timidation, takes, or attempts to take, from the person or presence of another, or obtains or attempts to obtain by extortion any property or money or any other thing of value belonging to, or in the care, custody, control, management, or possession of, any bank, credit union, or any savings and loan association; or

Whoever enters or attempts to enter any bank, credit union, or any savings and loan association, or any building used in whole or in part as a bank, credit union, or as a savings and loan association, with intent to commit in such bank, credit union, or in such savings and loan association, or building, or part thereof, so used, any felony affecting such bank, credit union, or such savings and loan association and in violation of any statute of the United States, or any larceny

Shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.

(b) Whoever takes and carries away, with intent to steal or purloin, any property or money or any other thing of value exceeding $100 belonging to, or in the care, custody, control, management, or possession of any bank, credit union, or any savings and loan association, shall be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; or

Whoever takes and carries away, with intent to steal or purloin, any property or money or any other thing of value not exceeding $100 belonging to, or in the care, custody, control, management, or possession of any bank, credit union, or any savings and loan association, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

(c) Whoever receives, possesses, conceals, stores, barters, sells, or disposes of, any property or money or other thing of value which has been taken or stolen from a bank, credit union, or savings and loan association in violation of subsection (b), knowing the same to be property which has been stolen shall be subject to the punishment provided in subsection (b) for the taker.

(d) Whoever, in committing, or in attempting to commit, any offense defined in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, assaults any person, or puts in jeopardy the life of any person by the use of a dangerous weapon or device, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than twenty-five years, or both.

(e) Whoever, in committing any offense defined in this section, or in avoiding or attempting to avoid apprehension for the commission of such offense, or in freeing himself or attempting to free himself from arrest or confinement for such offense, kills any person, or forces any person to accompany him without the consent of such person, shall be imprisoned not less than ten years, or punished by death if the verdict of the jury shall so direct.

Sec. 2115. Post office. 2116. Railway or steamboat post office. 2117. Breaking or entering carrier facilities. 2118. Robberies and burglaries involving con

trolled substances.

AMENDMENTS 1984–Pub. L. 98-305, $ 3, May 31, 1984, 98 Stat. 222, added item 2118.

1966—Pub. L. 89-654, § 2(d), Oct. 14, 1966, 80 Stat. 904, substituted "Breaking or entering carrier facilities" for “Railroad car entered or seal broken" in item 2117.

CROSS REFERENCES Extradition of fugitives from country under control of United States, see section 3185 of this title.

Indian country, punishment, see section 1153 of this title.

Indians, jurisdiction of offenses by, see section 3242 of this title.

Piracy, robbery ashore by those engaged in piratical cruise, see section 1661 of this title.

Wire or oral communications, authorization for interception, to provide evidence of robbery, see section 2516 of this title.

8 2111. Special maritime and territorial jurisdiction

Whoever, within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, by force and violence, or by intimidation, takes from the person or presence of another any. thing of value, shall be imprisoned not more than fifteen years. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 796.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $ 463 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 284, 35 Stat. 1144).

Words "within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States" were added to restrict the place of the offense to those places de. scribed in section 451 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., now section 7 of this title. Minor changes were made in phraseology.

CROSS REFERENCES Actions aboard aircraft in flight in violation of this section punishable as provided herein, see section 1472 of Title 49, Appendix, Transportation.

Definition, see section 7 of this title.

High seas, citizens as pirates, see section 1652 of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in title 49 App. section 1472.

8 2112. Personal property of United States

Whoever robs another of any kind or description of personal property belonging to the United States, shall be imprisoned not more than fifteen years. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 796.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $ 99 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 46, 35 Stat. 1097).

That portion of said section 99 relating to felonious taking was omitted as covered by section 641 of this title.

The punishment by fine of not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both, was changed to harmonize with section 2111 of this title.

REFERENCES IN TEXT Federal savings and loan association, referred to in subsec. (g), deemed also a reference to Federal savings bank, see section 1462 of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

Section 401 of the National Housing Act, referred to in subsec. (g), is classified to section 1724 of Title 12.

Section 2 of the Federal Credit Union Act, referred to in subsec. (g), is classified to section 1752 of Title 12.

(f) As used in this section the term "bank” means any member bank of the Federal Reserve System, and any bank, banking association, trust company, savings bank, or other banking institution organized or operating under the laws of the United States, and any bank the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(g) As used in this section the term "savings and loan association" means any Federal savings and loan association and any "insured institution” as defined in section 401 of the National Housing Act, as amended, and any "Federal credit union" as defined in section 2 of the Federal Credit Union Act.

(h) As used in this section the term “credit union" means any Federal credit union and any State-chartered credit union the accounts of which are insured by the Administrator of the National Credit Union Administration. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 796; Aug. 3, 1950, ch. 516, 64 Stat. 394; Apr. 8, 1952, ch. 164, 66 Stat. 46; Sept. 22, 1959, Pub. L. 86-354, § 2, 73 Stat. 639; Oct. 19, 1970, Pub. L. 91-468, § 8, 84 Stat. 1017; Oct. 12, 1984, Pub. L. 98-473, title II, $ 1106, 98 Stat. 2145, Nov. 10, 1986, Pub. L. 99-646, $ 68, 100 Stat. 3616.)

AMENDMENTS 1986–Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-646 inserted “, or obtains or attempts to obtain by extortion" after "presence of another" in first par

1984–Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98-473 amended subsec. (c) generally, substituting "which has been taken or stolen from a bank, credit union, or savings and loan association in violation of subsection (b), knowing the same to be property which has been stolen" for "knowing the same to have been taken from a bank, credit union, or a savings and loan association, in violation of subsection (b) of this section".

1970–Subsecs. (a) to (c). Pub. L. 91-468, $ 8(1), inserted reference to "credit union" after “bank," each place it appears.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 91-468, $ 8(2), added subsec. (h).

1959–Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 86-354 included Federal credit unions in definition of "savings and loan association".

1952-Subsec. (g). Act Apr. 8, 1952, broadened definition of "savings and loan association" by including any insured institution as defined in section 401 of the National Housing Act, as amended.

1950-Act Aug. 3, 1950, brought within section Statechartered savings and loan associations whose accounts are insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation.

CROSS REFERENCES Embezzlement by bank officer or employee, see section 656 of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in section 1956 of this title; title 12 section 1457.

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on sections 588a, 588b, 588c, of title 12, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking (May 18, 1934, ch. 304, 88 1, 2, 3, 48 Stat. 783; Aug. 23, 1935, ch. 614, $ 333, 49 Stat. 720; Aug. 24, 1937, ch. 747, 50 Stat. 749; June 29, 1940, ch. 455, 54 Stat. 695).

Section consolidates sections 588a, 588b, and 588c of title 12, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, as sug. gested by United States Attorney Clyde O. Eastus, of Fort Worth, Tex.

Words "felony or larceny" in subsection (a) were changed to "felony affecting such bank and in violation of any statute of the United States, or any larceny".

Use of term "felony" without limitation caused confusion as to whether a common law, State, or Federal felony was intended. Change conforms with Jerome v. U.S. (1943, 63 S. Ct. 483, 318 U.S. 101, 87 L. Ed. 640); "§ 2(a) ($ 588b(a) of title 12, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking] is not deprived of vitality if it is interpreted to exclude State felonies and to include only those Federal felonies which affect banks protected by the Act."

Minimum punishment provisions were omitted from subsection (c). (See reviser's note under section 203 of this title.) Also the provisions of subsection (b) measuring the punishment by the amount involved were extended and made applicable to the receiver as well as the thief. There seems no good reason why the thief of less than $100 should be liable to a maximum of imprisonment for one year and the receiver subject to 10 years.

The figures "100" were substituted for “50” in view of the fact that the present worth of $100 is less than the value of $50 when that sum was fixed as the dividing line between petit larceny and grand larceny.

The attention of Congress is directed to the mandatory minimum punishment provisions of sections 2113(e) and 2114 of this title. These were left un. changed because of the controversial question involved. Such legislative attempts to control the discretion of the sentencing judge are contrary to the opinions of experienced criminologists and criminal law experts. They are calculated to work manifest injustice in many cases.

Necessary minor translations of section references, and changes in phraseology, were made.

$2114. Mail, money or other property of United

States Whoever assaults any person having lawful charge, control, or custody of any mail matter or of any money or other property of the United States, with intent to rob, steal, or purloin such mail matter, money, or other property of the United States, or robs any such person of mail matter, or of any money, or other property of the United States, shall, for the first offense, be imprisoned not more than ten years; and if in effecting or attempting to effect such robbery he wounds the person having custody of such mail, money, or other property of the United States, or puts his life in jeopardy by the use of a dangerous weapon, or for a subsequent offense, shall be imprisoned not more than twenty-five years. (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 797; Oct. 12, 1984, Pub. L. 98-473, title II, § 223(d), 98 Stat. 2028.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., $ 320 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, $ 197, 35 Stat. 1126; Aug. 26, 1935, ch. 694, 49 Stat. 867).

The attention of Congress is directed to the mandatory minimum punishment provisions of sections

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