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2, 1975, 88 Stat. 1916; Pub. L. 96-90, § 2, Oct. 23, 1979, 93 Stat. 698.)

AMENDMENTS 1979–Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 96-90, $ 2(1), added cl. (5).

Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 96-90, $ 2(2), added subsecs. (d) and (e). 1975–Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 93-583 added cl. (4).

CROSS REFERENCES Mailing lottery tickets or related matter, see section 1302 of this title.

REFERENCES IN TEXT The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 93-406, Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 832, as amended. Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in text, is classified generally to subchapter I ($ 1001 et seq.) of chapter 18 of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1001 of Title 29 and Tables.

Section 3(4) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in text, is classified to section 1002(4) of Title 29.

Section (3)(16) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in text, probably means section 3(16) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, which is classified to section 1002(16) of Title 29.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1302, 1961 of this title.

AMENDMENTS 1974--Pub. L. 93-406 substituted "any employee wel. fare benefit plan or employee pension benefit plan, respectively, subject to any provision of title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" for “any such plan subject to the provisions of the Welfare and Pension Plans Disclosure Act, as amended" and "sections 3(4) and (3)(16) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974" for "sections 3(3) and 5(b)(1) and (2) of the Welfare and Pension Plans Disclosure Act, as amended".

1970–Pub. L. 91-452 struck out letter designation “(a)" preceding first sentence and struck out subsec. (b) which related to the immunity from prosecution of any witness compelled to testify or produce evidence after claiming his privilege against self-incrimination. See section 6001 et seq. of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1974 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 93-406 effective Jan. 1, 1975, except as provided in section 1031(b)(2) of Title 29, Labor, see section 1031 of Title 29.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub, L. 91-452 effective on the sixtieth day following Oct. 15, 1970, see section 260 of Pub. L. 91-452, set out as an Effective Date; Savings Provi. sion note under sections 6001 of this title.

$ 1954. Offer, acceptance, or solicitation to influence

operations of employee benefit plan Whoever being

(1) an administrator, officer, trustee, custodian, counsel, agent, or employee of any employee welfare benefit plan or employee pension benefit plan; or

(2) an officer, counsel, agent, or employee of an employer or an employer any of whose employees are covered by such plan; or

(3) an officer, counsel, agent, or employee of an employee organization any of whose members are covered by such plan; or

(4) a person who, or an officer, counsel, agent, or employee of an organization which,

provides benefit plan services to such plan receives or agrees to receive or solicits any fee, kickback, commission, gift, loan, money, or thing of value because of or with intent to be influenced with respect to, any of the actions, decisions, or other duties relating to any question or matter concerning such plan or any person who directly or indirectly gives or offers, or promises to give or offer, any fee, kickback, commission, gift, loan, money, or thing of value prohibited by this section, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than three years, or both: Provided, That this section shall not prohibit the payment to or acceptance by any person of bona fide salary, compensation, or other payments made for goods or facilities actually furnished or for services actually performed in the regular course of his duties as such person, administrator, officer, trustee, custodian, counsel, agent, or employee of such plan, employer, employee organization, or organization providing benefit plan services to such plan.

As used in this section, the term (a) “any employee welfare benefit plan” or “employee pension benefit plan" means any employee welfare benefit plan or employee pension benefit plan, respectively, subject to any provision of title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and (b) "employee organization” and "administrator" as defined respectively in sections 3(4) and (3)(16) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. (Added Pub. L. 87-420, § 17(e), Mar. 20, 1962, 76 Stat. 42, and amended Pub. L. 91-452, title II, § 225, Oct. 15, 1970, 84 Stat. 930; Pub. L. 93-406, title I, § 111(a)(2)(C), Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 852.)

EFFECTIVE DATE Section effective 90 days after Mar. 20, 1962, see section 19 of Pub. L. 87-420, set out as a note under section 664 of this title.

SAVINGS PROVISION Amendment by Pub. L. 91-452 not to affect any im. munity to which any individual is entitled under this section by reason of any testimony given before the sixtieth day following Oct. 15, 1970, see section 260 of Pub. L. 91-452, set out in part as an Effective Date; Savings Provision note under section 6001 of this title.

CROSS REFERENCES Wire or oral communications, authorization for interception, to provide evidence of offenses under this section, see section 2516 of this title.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 1961, 2516 of this title; title 29 sections 1031, 1111.

8 1955. Prohibition of illegal gambling businesses

(a) Whoever conducts, finances, manages, su: pervises, directs, or owns all or part of an illegal gambling business shall be fined not more than $20,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

a

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(b) As used in this section,

REFERENCES IN TEXT (1) "illegal gambling business” means

The customs laws, referred to in subsec. (d), are clasgambling business which

sified generally to Title 19, Customs Duties. (i) is a violation of the law of a State or Paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of section 501 of the political subdivision in which it is conduct Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. ed;

(e), is classified to section 501(c)(3) of Title 26, Inter(ii) involves five or more persons who con nal Revenue Code. duct, finance, manage, supervise, direct, or

AMENDMENTS own all or part of such business; and

(iii) has been or remains in substantially 1986–Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99-514 substituted “Intercontinuous operation for a period in excess

nal Revenue Code of 1986" for "Internal Revenue

Code of 1954".
of thirty days or has a gross revenue of
$2,000 in any single day.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS
(2) “gambling" includes but is not limited to

All offices of collector of customs, comptroller of pool-selling, bookmaking, maintaining slot

customs, surveyor of customs, and appraiser of mermachines, roulette wheels or dice tables, and chandise in the Bureau of Customs of the Department conducting lotteries, policy, bolita or numbers of the Treasury to which appointments were required games, or selling chances therein.

to be made by the President with the advice and con(3) "State” means any State of the United

sent of the Senate were ordered abolished, with such States, the District of Columbia, the Com

offices to be terminated not later than Dec. 31, 1966,

by Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1965, eff. May 25, 1965, 30 F.R. monwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory

7035, 79 Stat. 1317, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, or possession of the United States.

Government Organization and Employees. All func(c) If five or more persons conduct, finance, tions of the offices eliminated were already vested in manage, supervise, direct, or own all or part of the Secretary of the Treasury by Reorg. Plan No. 26 a gambling business and such business operates

of 1950, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, for two or more successive days, then, for the

set out in the Appendix to Title 5.
purpose of obtaining warrants for arrests, inter-

PRIORITY OF STATE LAWS
ceptions, and other searches and seizures, prob-
able cause that the business receives gross reve-

Enactment of this section as not indicating an intent

on the part of the Congress to occupy the field in nue in excess of $2,000 in any single day shall

which this section operates to the exclusion of State be deemed to have been established.

of local law on the same subject matter, or to relieve (d) Any property, including money, used in

any person of any obligation imposed by any State or violation of the provisions of this section may local law, see section 811 of Pub. L. 91-452, set out as a be seized and forfeited to the United States. All Priority of State Laws note under section 1511 of this provisions of law relating to the seizures, sum title. mary, and judicial forfeiture procedures, and

COMMISSION ON THE REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL POLICY condemnation of vessels, vehicles, merchandise,

TOWARD GAMBLING and baggage for violation of the customs laws; the disposition of such vessels, vehicles, mer Sections 804-809 of Pub. L. 91-452 established the chandise, and baggage or the proceeds from

Commission on the Review of the National Policy such sale; the remission or mitigation of such

Toward Gambling, provided for its membership and forfeitures; and the compromise of claims and

compensation of the members and the staff, empow

ered the Commission to subpoena witnesses and grant the award of compensation to informers in re

immunity, required the Commission to make a study spect of such forfeitures shall apply to seizures

of gambling in the United States and existing Federal, and forfeitures incurred or alleged to have been State, and local policy and practices with respect to incurred under the provisions of this section, prohibition and taxation of gambling activities and to insofar as applicable and not inconsistent with make a final report of its findings and recommendasuch provisions. Such duties as are imposed tions to the President and to Congress within four upon the collector of customs or any other years of its establishment, and provided for its termi. person in respect to the seizure and forfeiture

nation sixty days after submission of the final report. of vessels, vehicles, merchandise, and baggage

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS
under the customs laws shall be performed
with respect to seizures and forfeitures of prop-

This section is referred to in sections 1961, 2516 of erty used or intended for use in violation of this

this title.
section by such officers, agents, or other per-
sons as may be designated for that purpose by

8 1956. Laundering of monetary instruments
the Attorney General.

(a)(1) Whoever, knowing that the property (e) This section shall not apply to any bingo involved in a financial transaction represents game, lottery, or similar game of chance con the proceeds of some form of unlawful activity, ducted by an organization exempt from tax conducts or attempts to conduct such a finanunder paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of section cial transaction which in fact involves the pro501 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as ceeds of specified unlawful activity, amended, if no part of the gross receipts de (A)(i) with the intent to promote the carryrived from such activity inures to the benefits ing on of specified unlawful activity; or of any private shareholder, member, or employ

(ii) with intent to engage in conduct constiee of such organization except as compensation tuting a violation of section 7201 or 7206 of for actual expenses incurred by him in the con

the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or duct of such activity.

(B) knowing that the transaction is de(Added Pub. L. 91-452, title VIII, § 803(a), Oct. signed in whole or in part15, 1970, 84 Stat. 937, and amended Pub. L.

(i) to conceal or disguise the nature, the 99-514, § 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095.)

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location, the source, the ownership, or the

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control of the proceeds of specified unlawful activity; or

(ii) to avoid a transaction reporting re

quirement under State or Federal law, shall be sentenced to a fine of not more than $500,000 or twice the value of the property involved in the transaction, whichever is greater, or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both.

(2) Whoever transports, transmits, or transfers, or attempts to transport, transmit, or transfer a monetary instrument or funds from a place in the United States to or through a place outside the United States or to a place in the United States from or through a place outside the United States

(A) with the intent to promote the carrying on of specified ur awful activity; or

(B) knowing that the monetary instrument or funds involved in the transportation represent the proceeds of some form of unlawful activity and knowing that such transportation is designed in whole or in part

(i) to conceal or disguise the nature, the location, the source, the ownership, or the control of the proceeds of specified unlawful activity; or

(ii) to avoid a transaction reporting re

quirement under State or Federal law, shall be sentenced to a fine of $500,000 or twice the value of the monetary instrument or funds involved in the transportation, whichever is greater, or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both. (3) Whoever, with the intent

(A) to promote the carrying on of specified unlawful activity;

(B) to conceal or disguise the nature, location, source, ownership, or control of property believed to be the proceeds of specified unlawful activity; or

(C) to avoid a transaction reporting requirement under State or Federal law, conducts or attempts to conduct a financial transaction involving property represented by a law enforcement officer to be the proceeds of specified unlawful activity, or property used to conduct or facilitate specified unlawful activity, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for not more than 20 years, or both. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “represented” means any representation made by a law enforcement officer or by another person at the direction of, or with the approval of, a Federal official authorized to investigate or prosecute violations of this section.

(b) Whoever conducts or attempts to conduct a transaction described in subsection (a)(1), or a transportation described in subsection (a)(2), is liable to the United States for a civil penalty of not more than the greater of

(1) the value of the property, funds, or monetary instruments involved in the transaction; or

(2) $10,000.
(c) As used in this section-

(1) the term “knowing that the property involved in a financial transaction represents the proceeds of some form of unlawful activi

ty” means that the person knew the property involved in the transaction represented proceeds from some form, though not necessarily which form, of activity that constitutes a felony under State or Federal law, regardless of whether or not such activity is specified in paragraph (7);

(2) the term "conducts" includes initiating, concluding, or participating in initiating, or concluding a transaction;

(3) the term “transaction" includes a purchase, sale, loan, pledge, gift, transfer, delivery, or other disposition, and with respect to a financial institution includes a deposit, withdrawal, transfer between accounts, exchange of currency, loan, extension of credit, purchase or sale of any stock, bond, certificate of deposit, or other monetary instrument, or any other payment, transfer, or delivery by, through, or to a financial institution, by whatever means effected;

(4) the term “financial transaction" means a transaction involving the movement of funds by wire or other means or involving one or more monetary instruments, which in any way or degree affects interstate or foreign commerce, or a transaction involving the use of a financial institution which is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, interstate or foreign commerce in any way or degree;

(5) the term “monetary instruments" means coin or currency of the United States or of any other country, travelers” checks, personal checks, bank checks, money orders, investment securities in bearer form or otherwise in such form that title thereto passes upon delivery, and negotiable instruments in bearer form or otherwise in such form that title thereto passes upon delivery;

(6) the term "financial institution" has the definition given that term

in

section 5312(a)(2) of title 31, United States Code, and the regulations promulgated thereunder;

(7) the term "specified unlawful activity” means

(A) any act or activity constituting an offense listed in section 1961(1) of this title except an act which is indictable under the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act; ?

(B) with respect to a financial transaction occurring in whole or in part in the United States, an offense against a foreign nation involving the manufacture, importation, sale, or distribution of a controlled substance (as such term is defined for the purposes of the Controlled Substances Act);

(C) any act or acts constituting a continuing criminal enterprise, as that term is defined in section 408 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848); or

(D) an offense under section 152 (relating to concealment of assets; false paths and claims; bribery), section 215 (relating to commissions or gifts for procuring loans), any of sections 500 through 503 (relating to certain counterfeiting offenses), section 513 (relating to securities of States and private

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See References in Text note below.

(2) the transaction or series of related transactions involves funds or monetary in.

struments of a value exceeding $10,000. (Added Pub. L. 99-570, title I, § 1352(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207-18, and amended Pub. L. 100-690, title VI, $8 6183, 6465, 6466, 6469(a)(1), 6471(a), (b), title VII, 8 7031, Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4354, 4375, 4377, 4378, 4398.)

entities), section 542 (relating to entry of goods by means of false statements), section 545 (relating to smuggling goods into the United States), section 549 (relating to removing goods from Customs custody), section 641 (relating to public money, property, or records), section 656 (relating to theft, embezzlement, or misapplication by bank officer or employee), section 657 (relating to lending, credit, and insurance institutions), section 658 (relating to property mortgaged or pledged to farm credit agencies), section 666 (relating to theft or bribery concerning programs receiving Federal funds), section 793, 794, or 798 (relating to espionage), section 875 (relating to interstate communications), section 1201 (relating to kidnaping), section 1203 (relating to hostage taking), section 1344 (relating to bank fraud), or 2 section 2113 or 2114 (relating to bank and postal robbery and theft) 3 of this title, section 2319 (relating to copyright infringement), section 310 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 830) (relating to precursor and essential chemicals), section 590 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1590) (relating to aviation smug. gling), section 1822 of the Mail Order Drug Paraphernalia Control Act (100 Stat. 3207-51; 21 U.S.C. 857) (relating to transportation of drug paraphenalia),* section 38(c) (relating to criminal violations) of the Arms Export Control Act, section 11 (relating to violations) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, section 206 (relating to penalties) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, or section 16 (relating to offenses and punishment) of the

Trading with the Enemy Act..5 (d) Nothing in this section shall supersede any provision of Federal, State, or other law imposing criminal penalties or affording civil remedies in addition to those provided for in this section.

(e) Violations of this section may be investigated by such components of the Department of Justice as the Attorney General may direct, and by such components of the Department of the Treasury as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct, as appropriate and, with respect to offenses over which the United States Postal Service has jurisdiction, by the Postal Service. Such authority of the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postal Service shall be exercised in accordance with an agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Postal Service, and the Attorney General.

(f) There is extraterritorial jurisdiction over the conduct prohibited by this section if

(1) the conduct is by a United States zen or, in the case of a non-United States citizen, the conduct occurs in part in the United States; and

REFERENCES IN TEXT Sections 7201 and 7206 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(A)(ii), are classified, respectively, to sections 7201 and 7206 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

The Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(7)(A), is title II of Pub. L. 91-508, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1118, which was repealed and reenacted as subchapter II of chapter 53 of Title 31, Money and Finance, by Pub. L. 97,258, § 4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31.

The Controlled Substances Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(7)(B), is title II of Pub. L. 91-513, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1242, as amended, which is classified principally to subchapter I ($ 801 et seq.) of chapter 13 of Title 21, Food and Drugs. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 801 of Title 21 and Tables.

Section 38(c) of the Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(7)(D), is classified to section 2778(c) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

Section 11 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, referred to in subsec. (c)(7)(D), is classified to section 2410 of the Appendix to Title 50, War and National Defense.

Section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(7)(D), is classified to section 1705 of Title 50.

Section 16 of the Trading with the Enemy Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(7)(D), is classified to section 16 of the Appendix to Title 50.

AMENDMENTS 1988–Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 100-690, $ 6471(a), amended subpar. (A) generally, designating existing provisions as cl. (i) and adding cl. (ii).

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100-690, 8 6471(b), substituted “transports, transmits, or transfers, or attempts to transport, transmit, or transfer" for "transports or attempts to transport" in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100-690, $ 6465, added par. (3).

Subsec. (c)(7)(D). Pub. L. 100-690, $ 7031, substituted "section 513” for "section 511" and "section 545" for "section 543" and inserted "section 657 (relating to lending, credit, and insurance institutions), section 658 (relating to property mortgaged or pledged to farm credit agencies),”.

Pub. L. 100-690, $ 6466, inserted "section 542 (relating to entry of goods by means of false statements),", “section 549 (relating to removing goods from Customs custody),", and "section 2319 (relating to copyright infringement), section 310 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 830) (relating to precursor and essential chemicals), section 590 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1590) (relating to aviation smuggling), section 1822 of the Mail Order Drug Paraphernalia Control Act (100 Stat. 3207-51; 21 U.S.C. 857) (relating to transportation of drug paraphenalia),".

Pub. L. 100-690, $ 6183, substituted "section 38(c) (relating to criminal violations) of the Arms Export Control Act, section 11 (relating to violations) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, section 206 (relating to penalties) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, or section 16 (relating to offenses and punishment) of the Trading with the Enemy Act." for "section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778), section 2 (relating to criminal penalties)

So in original. The word "or” probably should not appear.

*So in original. Probably should be “theft), or section 2319 (relating to copyright infringement) of this title,".

So in original. Probably should be “paraphernalia),".
So in original.

of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2401), section 203 (relating to criminal sanctions) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702), or section 3 (relating to criminal violations) of the Trading with the Enemy Act (50 U.S.C. App. 3)".

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100-690, $ 6469(a)(1), substituted "and, with respect to offenses over which the United States Postal Service has jurisdiction, by the Postal Service. Such authority of the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postal Service shall be exercised in accordance with an agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Postal Service, and the Attorney General.” for “. Such authority of the Secretary of the Treasury shall be exercised in accordance with an agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Attorney General."

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 981, 982, 1952, 1957, 1961, 2516 of this title; title 22 section 2714; title 28 section 524.

§ 1957. Engaging in monetary transactions in proper.

ty derived from specified unlawful activity (a) Whoever, in any of the circumstances set forth in subsection (d), knowingly engages or attempts to engage in a monetary transaction in criminally derived property of a value greater than $10,000 and is derived from specified unlawful activity, shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).

(b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the punishment for an offense under this section is a fine under title 18, United States Code, or imprisonment for not more than ten years or both.

(2) The court may impose an alternate fine to that imposable under paragraph (1) of not more than twice the amount of the criminally derived property involved in the transaction.

(c) In a prosecution for an offense under this section, the Government is not required to prove the defendant knew that the offense from which the criminally derived property was derived was specified unlawful activity.

(d) The circumstances referred to in subsection (a) are

(1) that the offense under this section takes place in the United States or in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States; or

(2) that the offense under this section takes place outside the United States and such special jurisdiction, but the defendant is a United States person (as defined in section 3077 of this title, but excluding the class described in paragraph (2)(D) of such section),

(e) Violations of this section may be investigated by such components of the Department of Justice as the Attorney General may direct, and by such components of the Department of the Treasury as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct, as appropriate and, with respect to offenses over which the United States Postal Service has jurisdiction, by the Postal Service. Such authority of the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postal Service shall be exercised in accordance with an agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Postal Service, and the Attorney General.

(f) As used in this section

(1) the term “monetary transaction” means the deposit, withdrawal, transfer, or exchange, in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce, of funds or a monetary instrument (as defined in section 1956(c)(5) of this title) by, through, or to a financial institution (as defined in section 5312 of title 31), but such term does not include any transaction necessary to preserve a person's right to representation as guaranteed by the sixth amendment to the Constitution;

(2) the term “criminally derived property" means any property constituting, or derived from, proceeds obtained from a criminal offense; and

(3) the term "specified unlawful activity" has the meaning given that term in section

1956 of this title. (Added Pub. L. 99-570, title I, § 1352(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207-21, and amended Pub. L. 100-690, title VI, 88 6182, 6184, 6469(a)(2), Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4354, 4377.)

AMENDMENTS 1988–Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100-690, $ 6469(a)(2), substituted "and, with respect to offenses over which the United States Postal Service has jurisdiction, by the Postal Service. Such authority of the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postal Service shall be exercised in accordance with an agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Postal Service, and the Attorney General.” for “. Such authority of the Secretary of the Treasury shall be exercised in accordance with an agreement which shall be entered into by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Attorney General."

Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 100-690, $8 6182, 6184, substituted "in section 1956(c)(5) of this title" for "for the purposes of subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31" and inserted ", but such term does not include any transaction necessary to preserve a person's right to representation as guaranteed by the sixth amendment to the Constitution".

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 981, 982, 1952, 1961, 2516 of this title; title 22 section 2714; title 28 section 524. 8 1958. Use of interstate commerce facilities in the

commission of murder-for-hire (a) Whoever travels in or causes another (including the intended victim) to travel in interstate or foreign commerce, or uses or causes another (including the intended victim) to use the mail or any facility in interstate or foreign commerce, with intent that a murder be committed in violation of the laws of any State or the United States as consideration for the receipt of, or as consideration for a promise or agreement to pay, anything of pecuniary value, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than ten years, or both; and if personal injury results, shall be fined not more than $20,000 and imprisoned for not more than twenty years, or both; and if death results, shall be subject to imprisonment for any term of years or for life, or shall be fined not more than $50,000, or both.

(b) As used in this section and section 1952B-6

. See References in Text note below,

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