Computers and Intellectual Property: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First and Second Sessions, November 8, 1989, and March 7, 1990
United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991 - 958 lappuses
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agencies agreement algorithm analysis application approach appropriate Association become changes claim clause companies computer programs computer software concern Congress considered contract Contractor copy copyright law copyright protection costs court created decision determine economic effect effort engineering example existing expression extend fact federal function Government granted idea important industry infringement innovation intellectual property interest invention involved issues language legislation license limited look machine mathematical means method object Office operating original particular patent performance person present principles problem procedures published question reason Report represent restricted result rule scope screen displays similar specific standard statutory steps structure subject matter technical data tion trade traditional transfer United University user interfaces USPQ
417. lappuse - ... 1 . The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; 2. The nature of the copyrighted work; 3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and 4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
610. lappuse - Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies of phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.
727. lappuse - computer program" is a set of statements or instructions to be used directly or indirectly in a computer in order to bring about a certain result.
845. lappuse - Whoever invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent therefor, subject to the conditions and requirements of this title.
816. lappuse - A trade secret may consist of any formula, pattern, device, or compilation of information which is used in one's business, and which gives him an opportunity to obtain an advantage over competitors who do not know or use it.
891. lappuse - ... (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
820. lappuse - Copyright protection subsists, in accordance with this title, in original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or later developed, from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.
502. lappuse - Though the earth and all inferior creatures be common to all men, yet every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has any right to but himself. The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his.
822. lappuse - ... works under the law. whether title 17 or the common law or statutes of a State, in effect on December 31, 1977...
446. lappuse - I declined it from a principle which has ever weighed with me on such occasions, viz., that as we enjoy great advantages from the inventions of others, we should be glad of an opportunity to serve others by any invention of ours, and this we should do freely and generously.