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above all, that of the triumph amongst the Romans, was not pageants or gaudery, but one of the wisest and noblest institutious that ever was : for it contained three things; honour to the general; riches to the treasury out of the spoils; and donatives to the
armıy. But that honour perhaps were not fit for monarchies, except it be in the person of the monarch himself, or his sons; as it came to pass in the times of the Roman Emperors, who did impropriate the actual triumphs to themselves, and their sons, for such wars as they did achieve in person; and left only for wars achieved by subjects, some triumphal garments and ensigns to the general.
To conclude: no man can, by care taking (as the Scripture saith) add a cubit to his stature, in this little model of a man's body: but in the great frame of Kingdoms and Commonwealths, it is in the power of Princes or Estates to add amplitude and greatness to their kingdoms. For by introducing such ordinances, constitutions, and customs, as we have now touched, they may sow Greatness to their posterity and succession. But these things are commonly not observed, but left to take their chance.
clusion to say,
Of Regimen of Health. THERE is a wisdom in this beyond the rules of physic. A man's own observation wbat he finds good of, and what he finds hurt of, is the best physic to preserve Health : but it is a safer con
eth not well with me, therefore I will not continue it,” than this, “I find no offence of this, therefore I may use it.” For strength of nature in youth passeth over many excesses which are owing a man till his age. Discern of the coming on of years, and think not to do the same things still; for age will not be defied. Beware of sudden change in any great point of diet; and if necessity enforce it, fit the rest to it; for it is a secret both in nature and state, that it is safer to change many things than one.
Examine thy customs of diet, sleep, exercise, apparel, and the like: and try, in any thing thou shalt judge hurtful, to discontinue it by little and little; but so as if thou dost find any inconvenience by the change, thou come back to it again: for it is hard to distinguish that which is generally held good and wholesome, from that which is good particularly, and fit for thine own body. To be free minded, and cheerfully disposed at hours of meat, and of sleep, and of exercise, is one of the best
precepts for long life. As for the passions and studies of the mind; avoid envy, anxious fears, anger fretting inwards, subtile and knotty inquisitions, joys, and exhilarations in excess, sadness not communicated ; entertain hopes, mirth rather than joy, variety of delights rather than surfeit of them, wonder and admiration, and therefore novelties, studies that fill the mind with splendid and illustrious objects, as histories, fables, and contemplations of nature. If you fly physic in health altogether, it will be too strange for your body when you shall need it. If you make it too familiar, it will work no extraordinary effect when sickness cometh. I commend rather some diet for certain seasons, than frequent use of physic, except it be grown into a custom: for those diets alter the body more, and trouble it less. Despise no new accident in your body, but ask opinion of it. In sickness respect bealth principally, and in health, action : for those that put their bodies to endure in health, may in most sicknesses, which are not very sharp, be cured only with diet and tending. Celsus could never have spoken it as a physician, had he not been a wise man withall, when he giveth it for one of the great precepts of health and lasting, that a man do vary, and interchange contraries, but with an inclination to the more benign extreme. Use fasting and full eating, but rather full eating;
watching and sleep, but rather sleep; sitting and exercise, but rather exercise; and the like: so shall nature be cherished, and yet taught masteries. Physicians are some of them so pleasing, and conformable to the humour of the patient, as they press not the true cure of the disease; and some other are so regular in proceeding according to art for the disease, as they respect not sufficiently the condition of the patient. Take one of a middle temper, or if it may not be found in one man, combine two of either sort; and forget not to call as well the best acquainted with your body, as the best reputed of for his faculty.
Of Suspicion. SUSPICIONS amongst thoughts are like bats amongst birds, they ever fly by twilight. Certainly they are to be repressed, or at least well guarded; for they cloud the mind, they leese friends, and they check with business, whereby business cannot go on current and constantly. They dispose kings to tyranny, husbands to jealousy, wise men to irresolution and melancholy. They are defects, not in the heart, but in the brain; for they take place in the stoutest natures: as in the example of Henry VII. of England, there was not a suspicious man, nor a more stout; and in such a
composition they do small hurt. For commonly they are not admitted, but with examination whether they be likely or no; but in fearful natures they gain ground too fast. There is nothing makes a man suspect much, more than to know little : and therefore men should remedy Suspicion, by procuring to know more, and not to keep their Suspicions in smother. What would men have? Do they think those they employ and deal with are saints? Do they not think they will have their own ends, and be truer to themselves than to them? Therefore there is no better way to moderate Suspicions, than to account upon such Suspicions as true, and yet to bridle them as false. For so far a man ought to make use of Suspicions, as to provide, as if that should be true that he suspects, yet it may do him no hurt. Suspicions that the mind of itself gathers are but buzzes; but Suspicions that are artificially nourished, and put into men's heads by the tales and whisperings of others, have stings. Certainly the best means to clear the way in this same wood of Suspicions, is frankly to communicate them with the party that he suspects; for thereby he shall be sure to know more of the truth of them than he did before; and withall, shall make that party more circumspect, not to give further cause of Suspicion. But this would not be done to men of base natures : for they, if they find