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HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 1333

A BILL TO AMEND THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF

1934, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

JUNE 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, AND 27, 1947,

Printed for the use of the Committee on

Interstate and Foreign Commerce

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1947

65141

3

77SU

XL 2/02 31150-200 NULB

733

SIBENDING

COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

WALLACE H. WHITE, JR., Maine, Chairman CHARLES W. TOBEY, New Hampshire EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado CLYDE M. REED, Kansas

TOM STEWART, Tennessee OWEN BREWSTER, Maine

ERNEST W. MCFARLAND, Arizona ALBERT W. HAWKES, New Jersey

WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington E. H. MOORE, Oklahoma

FRANCIS J. MYERS, Pennsylvania HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana

BRIEN MCMAHON, Connecticut
EDWARD S. JARRETT, Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON S. 1333

WALLACE H. WHITE, JR., Maine, Chairman CHARLES W. TOBEY, New Hampshire EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado E. H. MOORE, Oklahoma

ERNEST W. MCFARLAND, Arizona HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana

WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington EDWARD COOPER, Professional Staf Member for Communications

II

CONTENTS

Page,

552

481

265

202

430

248

Testimony of

Anthony,

Susan B., representing the Progressive Citizens of America,

Radio Division, 205 East Forty-second Street, New York, N. Y.--
Armstrong, Dr. Edwin H., professor of electrical engineering, Columbia

University, New York, N. Y.

Arnoux, Campbell

, president and general manager, radio station

WTAR, Norfolk, Va..

Bailey, J. N., executive director, F. M. Association, 921 Twelfth Street

NW., Washington, D. C.

Bannister, Harry, general manager, radio stations WWJ, WWJ-FM,

WWJ-TV, Detroit, Mich.

Beelar, Donald C., attorney for Aeronautical Radio, Inc., 1106 Six-

teenth Street NW., Washington, D. C.-.-

Bennet, William S., representing the American Council of Christian

Churches, 44 Wall Street, New York, N. Y.

Craney, Edmund, radio station operator in Butte, Bozemon, Helena,

Mont.; Spokane and Ellensburg, Wash.; Portland, Oreg-

Crowley, Rev. Dale, radio minister and official representative of

National Religious Broadcasters, Inc., 408 Seward Square SE.,

Washington, D. C.

Denny, Charles R., Chairman, Federal Communications Commission,

Washington, D.C.

Elias, Don S., executive director, radio station WWNC, Asheville,

N.C..

Fair, Harold, program department, National Association of Broad-

casters, 1771 N Street NW., Washington, D. C..
Faulkner, Stanley, attorney for Voice of Freedom Committee, 122

West Seventy-first Street, New York, N. Y.-

Henry, Bill, president, Radio Correspondents's Association, Wash-

ington, D. C.

Hooper, Rear Adm. S. C., retired, radio consultant, 4425 Garfield

Street NW., Washington, D. C.
Hubbell, Richard W., Richard W. Hubbell & Associates, 140 West

Ninth Street, Cincinnati 2, Ohio.
Jameson, Guilford S., acting president, Federal Communications Bar

Association, Investment Building, Washington, D. C.
Johnpoll, Bernard, licensee, radio station KVOS, New York, N. Y..
Kaltenborn, Rolf, representing the Committee to Ensure Non-Parti-

san Radio, 9 Garden Place, Brooklyn 2, N. Y..

Kobak, Edgar, president, Mutual Broadcasting System, Inc., 1440

Broadway, New York, N. Y

Lewis, Fulton, radio commentator, Washington, D. C.
Lynch, Maurice, financial secretary, Chicago Federation of Labor and

manager, radio station WCFL, Chicago, Ill.--
Miller, Justin, president, National Association of Broadcasters, 1771

N Street, Washington, D. C..
Morency, Paul W., vice president, Travelers Service Broadcasting

Corp. and general manager of radio station WTIC, Hartford, Conn.
Morris, Sam, representing the National Temperance and Prohibition

Council, 191 East Edgewood Place, San Antonio, Tex.

McIntire, Carl, vice president, American Council of Christian

Churches, 426 Collings Avenue, Collingswood, N. J.

III

Page

221

299

561

336

74

476

390

Testimony of—Continued

Pellegrin, Frank E., director, department of broadcast advertising,

National Association of Broadcasters, 1771 N Street, Washington,

D. C.--.

Pengra, Marshall, manager, radio station KRNR, Roseburg, Oreg -

Petty, Don, general counsel, National Association of Broadcasters,

1771 N Street, Washington, D. C.

Pirincin, Joseph, representing the Socialist Labor Party of America,

P. O. Box 1076, Church Street Annex, New York 8, N. Y.

Ream, Joseph H., executive vice president, Columbia Broadcasting

System, 485 Madison Ave., New York, N. Y..

Richards, Robert K., director of public relations, National Associa-

tion of Broadcasters, 1771 N Street, Washington, D. C.

Roberson, Frank, chairman, legislative committee, Federal Com-

munications Bar Association, Munsey Building, Washington,

D. C....
Smart, Elizabeth A., representing the National Woman's Christian

Temperance Union, 100 Maryland Avenue NE, Washington,

D. C...

Stanton, Frank, president, Columbia Broadcasting System, 485

Madison Avenue, New York, N. Y.

Taylor, Hon. Glen H., a United States Senator from the State of

Idaho.

Trammell, Niles, president, National Broadcasting Co., 30 Rocke-

feller Plaza, New York, N. Y..

Willard, A. D., Jr., executive vice president, National Association

of Broadcasters, 1771 N Street, Washington, D. C.-

Woods, Mark, president, American Broadcasting Co., 30 Rockefeller

Plaza, New York, N. Y.

Statements submitted by-

Caldwell, Louis G., Kirkland, Fleming, Green, Morton & Ellis, Na-

tional Press Building, Washington, D. C.

Carson, John, representing The Cooperative League, U. S. A., and

National Cooperatives, Inc., 726 Jackson Place, Washington, D. C.

Dunford, Edward B., attorney for The Antisaloon League of America,

131 B Street SE., Washington 3, D. C.-

Finch, William G. H., Finch Telecommunications, Inc., 10 East

Fortieth Street, New York 16, N. Y..

Hayward, Frederick, manager, radio station KWSC, Pullman, Wash.

Kiroack, Howard, executive vice chairman, Laymen's National Com-

mittee, The Vanderbilt Hotel, New York 16, N. Y.

Johnson, Henry M., president, National Temperance and Prohibition

Council, 704 Louisville Trust Building, Louisville, Ky--

Leonard, Richard T., vice president, UAW-CIO, 1707 Seward Ave-

nue, Detroit, Mich

Lounsberry, I. R., president, WGR Broadcasting Corp., chairman,

Columbia Affiliates Advisory Board, Rand Building, Buffalo 3, N. Y.

Lutheran Hour, The, Eugene R. Berterman, director of radio, 3558

South Jefferson Avenue, St. Louis, Mo.

Mosby, A. J., manager, radio stations KGVO, KANH, KGFM, Mon-

tana.

National Association of Radio News Directors, John Hogan, radio

station WCSH, Portland, Maine

Ryan, J. Harold, vice president and treasurer, Fort Industry Co.,

Columbus, Ohio.--

Vold, Lawrence, professor law, Boston, University School of Law,

11 Ashburton Place, Boston, Mass..

Exhibits submitted by—

Denny, Charles R., chairman, Federal Communications Commission,

Washington, D. C.

Miller, Justin, president, National Association of Broadcasters, 1771

N Street NW., Washington, D. C.

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TO AMEND THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1934

TUESDAY, JUNE 17, 1947

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON
INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to call, in room 318, Senate Office Building, Senator Wallace H. White, Jr. (chairman) presiding:

Present: Senators White, Moore, Capehart, Johnson of Colorado, and Magnuson.

Present also: Senator McMahon.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.
This meeting is called for the beginning of hearings on Senate 1333.

I think it appropriate that I should offer first for the record a copy of the bill itself, and I ask that that be incorporated in the record.

(S. 1333 is as follows:)

[S. 1333, 80th Cong., 1st sess. ] A BILL To amend the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as “Communica- . tions Act Amendments, 1917".

SEC. 2. Subsections (0) and (p) of section 3 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, are amended to read as follows:

"(0) 'Broadcasting' means the dissemination of radio communications intended to be received directly by the public.

*(p) Network broadcasting or 'chain broadcasting' means the simultaneous or delayed broadcasting of identical programs by two or more stations however connected."

SEC. 3. Section 3 of such Act is further amended by adding after subsection (aa) the following:

"(bb) The term 'license', 'station license', or 'radio station license' means that instrument of authorization required by this Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission made pursuant to this Act, for the use or operation of apparatus for transmission of energy, or communications, or signals by radio, by whatever name the instrument may be designated by the Commission.

"(cc) The term 'broadcast station', 'broadcasting station', or “radio broadcast station' means a radio station equipped to engage in broadcasting as herein defined.

"(dd) 'Network organization' means any person who sells or clears time, or who has any contract, agreement, understanding, or arrangement, either express or inplied, with any broadcast station under which such person undertakes to sell or clear time, for the presentation of programs, produced either by itself or others, to be broadcast simultaneously over more than one broadcast station irrespective of the means employed, or to be broadcast simultaneously over more than one broadcast station by means of recordings; but shall not include advertising agencies or persons who contract directly with the licensee or broadcast station for broadcast time for their own use. “(ee) The term 'hours' or 'broadcast hours' means clock hours.

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