The New Philosophy and Universal Languages in Seventeenth-century England: Bacon, Hobbes, and Wilkins

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Bucknell University Press, 1995 - 359 lappuses
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Robert E. Stillman's book is an effort to restore the neglected history of those new philosophies of seventeenth-century England that sought to align themselves not with radical ideologies, but with the conservative interests of centralizing state power. Against the background of England's universal language movement, his study traces the development of three distinguishable philosophical projects, organized upon three distinguishable theories of language. In all three, a more perfect language comprises both a model and a means for achieving a more perfect philosophy, and that philosophy, in turn, a vehicle for promoting political authority in the state. Those three projects are the new philosophies of Lord Chancellor Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, and Bishop John Wilkins, all of which can be usefully understood in the broader context of the century's cultural politics and in the more specific circumstances of the century's fascination with the construction of a universal language. Bacon, Hobbes, and Wilkins construct philosophies out of deeply held convictions about the need to provide a saving form of knowledge to remedy cultural crises. That saving form of knowledge, as it develops in the lines of linguistic thought that extend from Bacon's Instauration to Wilkins's Philosophical Language, is both a product of and one potent agent in producing the emerging, scientistically designed, modern state.
 

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Saturs

Preface
9
The Lamentations of Comenius Reconfiguring the Political in SeventeenthCentury Language Theory
29
Bacon and the Advent of Universal Languages
53
Natural Philosophy and the Politics of Jacobean Intervention
55
Language and the Natural Philosophy of the Lord Chancellor
87
Hobbes and the State of the Universal Language
113
The Universal Philosophy of Politics and Monsters of Metaphor
115
The Logic and Language of Leviathan From Monstrous Metaphor to Civil Philosophy
145
The New Philosophy of the FiscalMilitary State Cultural Politics and the Language of Interest
179
Interest Achieved The Royal Society and the Political Concernments of Communications
208
A Center Inside the Center Wilkins and the Philosophical Language
228
From Lamentations to Laughter
263
Notes
269
Select Bibliography
322
Index
347
Autortiesības

Wilkins and the Making of the Universal Language
177

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