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30. Foreign-born population by country of birth, 1860-1910.
31. Mother tongue of white persons in United States born in Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Russia, 1910.
32. Foreign-born white stock in United States by country of origin, 1900 and 1910.
33. Per cent. distribution of the foreign-born population of the United States by country of birth, by geographical divisions, 1900 and 1910.
34. Per cent. of foreign and native population residing in the urban and rural communities, by geographical divisions and country of birth of foreign-born, 1910.
35. Foreign-born population of the United States, by geographical divisions and States, 1910. 36. Distribution of the foreign-born population of the United States which has arrived since January 1, 1901, by divisions and States.
37. School attendance of children in the United States, 6 years of age or over, 1909-1910, by age, groups, nativity, race, and parentage. 38. School attendance of children in the United States, by age, groups, nativity, parentage, and sex, 1909-1910.
39. Immigration by countries for Fiscal Years ending June 30, 1915, 1916.
IMMIGRATION ACT OF FEBRUARY 5, 1917
NOTE. The Immigration Act of February 5, 1917, repeals the Act of February 20, 1907, the act of March 3, 1903, and all prior acts or parts of acts inconsistent with the new law. In the back of this pamphlet are published such portions of the prior acts as are not repealed by or reenacted in the act of February 5, 1917; also the act of March 2, 1907, regarding expatriation; an extract from the sundry civil appropriation act of March 4, 1909, the act relative to outward alien manifests of March 4, 1909; the "White-slave traffic act" of June 25, 1910; the act of August 24, 1912, providing that all charges for maintenance and return of Chinese shall be borne by steamship companies; the act of March 4, 1913, creating the Department of Labor; and the act of March 4, 1915, "to promote the welfare of American seamen," etc. If necessary to refer to the old acts, they may be found in the United States Statutes at Large, as follows:
Act approved March 3, 1875: 18 Stat., part 3, page 477.
Act approved February 26, 1885: 23 Stat., page 332.
Act approved March 3, 1893: 27 Stat., page 569.
Act approved April 28, 1904: 33 Stat., part 1, page 591.
ACT OF FEBRUARY 5, 1917
An Act To regulate the immigrations of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the word "alien" wherever used in this Act shall include any person not a native-born or naturalized citizen of the United States; but this definition shall not be held to include Indians of the United States not taxed or citizens of the islands under the jurisdiction of the United States. That the term "United States" as used in the title as well as in the various sections of this Act shall be construed to mean the United States, and any waters, territory, or other place subject to the jurisdiction thereof, except the Isthmian Canal Zone; but if any alien shall leave the Canal Zone or any insular possession of the United States and attempt to enter any other place under the jurisdiction of the United States, nothing contained in this Act shall be construed as permitting him to enter under any other conditions than those applicable to all aliens. That the term "seaman" as used in this Act shall include every person signed on the ship's articles and employed in any capacity on board any vessel arriving in the United States from any foreign port or place.
That this Act shall be enforced in the Philippine Islands by officers of the general government thereof, unless and until it is superseded by an act passed by the Philippine Legislature and approved by the President of the United States to regulate immigration in the Philippine Islands as authorized in the Act entitled "An Act to declare the purpose of the people of the United States as to the future political status of the people of the Philippine Islands, and to provide a more autonomous government for those islands," approved August twenty-ninth, nineteen hundred and sixteen.
SEC. 2. That there shall be levied, collected, and paid a tax of $8 for every alien, including alien seamen regularly
admitted as provided in this Act, entering the United States: Provided, That children under sixteen years of age who accompany their father or their mother shall not be subject to said tax. The said tax shall be paid to the collector of customs of the port or customs district to which said alien shall come, or, if there be no collector at such port or district, then to the collector nearest thereto, by the master, agent, owner or consignee of the vessel, transportation line or other conveyance or vehicle bringing such alien to the United States, or by the alien himself if he does not come by a vessel, transportation line, or other conveyance or vehicle or when collection from the master, agent, owner, or consignee of the vessel, transportation line, or other conveyance, or vehicle bringing such alien to the United States is impracticable. The tax imposed by this section shall be a lien upon the vessel or other vehicle of carriage or transportation bringing such aliens to the United States, and shall be a debt in favor of the United States against the owner or owners of such vessel or other vehicle, and the payment of such tax may be enforced by any legal or equitable remedy. That the said tax shall not be levied on account of aliens who enter the United States after an uninterrupted residence of at least one year immediately preceding such entrance in the Dominion of Canada, Newfoundland, the Republic of Cuba, or the Republic of Mexico, for a temporary stay, nor on account of otherwise admissible residents or citizens of any possession of the United States, nor on account of aliens in transit through the United States, nor upon aliens who have been lawfully admitted to the United States and who later shall go in transit from one part of the United States to another through foreign contiguous territory, and the Commissioner General of Immigration with the approval of the Secretary of Labor shall issue rules and regulations and prescribe the conditions necessary to prevent abuse of these exceptions: Provided, That the Commissioner General of Immigration, under the direction or with the approval of the Secretary of Labor, by agreement with transportation lines, as provided in section twenty-three of this Act, may arrange in some other manner for the payment of the tax imposed by this section upon any or all aliens seeking admission from foreign
1 For complete list of exceptions, see Rule 1.
contiguous territory:2 Provided further, That said tax, when levied upon aliens entering the Philippine Islands, shall be paid into the treasury of said islands, to be expended for the benefit of such islands: Provided further, That in the cases of aliens applying for admission from foreign contiguous territory and rejected, the head tax collected shall upon application, upon a blank which shall be furnished and explained to him, be refunded to the alien.
SEC. 3. That the following classes of aliens shall be excluded from admission into the United States:3 All idiots, imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, epileptics, insane persons; persons who have had one or more attacks of insanity at any time previously; persons of constitutional psychopathic inferiority; persons with chronic alcoholism; paupers; professional beggars; vagrants; persons afflicted with tuberculosis in any form or with a loathsome or dangerous contagious disease; persons not comprehended within any of the foregoing excluded classes who are found to be and are certified by the examining surgeon as being mentally or physically defective, such physical defect being of a nature which may affect the ability of such alien to earn a living;4 persons who have been convicted of or admit having committed a felony or other crime or misdemeanor involving moral turpitude; polygamists, or persons who practise polygamy or believe in or advocate the practise of polygamy; anarchists, or persons who believe in or advocate the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States, or of all forms of law, or who disbelieve in or are opposed to organized government, or who advocate the assassination of public officials, or who advocate or teach the unlawful destruction of property; persons who are members of or affiliated with any organization entertaining and teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government, or who advocate or teach the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers, either of specific individuals or of officers generally, of the Government of the United States or of any other organized government, because of his or their official character, or who advocate or
See Rules 1, 12, and 13.
This section enumerates all the excluded classes but two. A description of those two found in Secs. 18 (last proviso) and 23 (last proviso).
See Rule 17 regarding landing under bond.